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Romancero gitano (The Gypsy Ballads) 1928
Bodas de Sangre (Blood Wedding) 1933
La Casa de Bernarda Alba (The House of Bernarda Alba) 1936 Poet in New York "This is one of the saddest and most unpleasant moments in my life" 'New York seems horrible, but for that very reason I'm going there.' "(New York) is Babylonic, cruel and violent (but also) filled with a great modern beauty" Lorca "attended" Columbia University, but rarely went to classes and learned very little English Instead, he took to roaming the Harlem streets at night. 4 While in New York, Lorca wrote many poems, plays and other short works, inspired by the masses of humanity and simultaneously revolted by the racial bigotry and hatred he experienced in the city. "Landscape of a Vomiting Multitude" Excerpt Effect on Writing Lorca's greatest idols while in New York included Walt Whitman, T.S. Eliot, Juan Ramon Jimenez, and Hart Crane. All these men influenced Lorca's poetry in some way. He spent the last 3 months of his trip in Cuba- and frequently compared Cuba to Andalucia “I know there is no straight road
No straight road in this world
Only a giant labyrinth
Of intersecting crossroads”
― Federico García Lorca “Only mystery makes us live. Only mystery.”
― Federico García Lorca, Le Poète À New York After graduating from secondary school García Lorca attended Sacred Heart University where he took up law, a subject that never captured his passion despite his aptitude for language. After taking a field trip to Castile with his art class in 1917, Lorca was inspired to work on his first book of poetry, Impresiones y viajes, which he published in 1919. He finished his baccalaureate and dropped out of Law school in 1918 to move into the Residencia de Estudiantes de Madrid, where he stayed for ten years. After that, he moved back to Granada to finish his degree in Law, although he never practiced law, preferring literature. He was originally interested in theatre and music instead of literature, but began to write more when he was 18, after his piano teacher died. Work Cited "Life of Federico Garcia Lorca." The Life of Federico Garcia Lorca. Spanish Books, 2011. Web. 29 Apr. 2013 "Biography of Federico Garcia Lorca (1898-1936)." Biography of Federico Garcia Lorca. GradeSaver LLC., n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2013 "Federico García Lorca." : El Vida De Señor Garcìa Lorca. Watermark Template, 18 Dec. 2012. Web. 29 Apr. 2013 "Federico García Lorca." - Poets.org. Academy of American Poets., n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2013 http://www.repertorio.org/education/pdfs/lorca.pdf Duende "Vein-Opening Poetry" Whitman- vision of male love
Eliot- Crowd scenes
Crane- "The Bridge"
Jimenez- Edgar Allan Poe Lorca's Decision to Go to New York His love affair with sculptor Emilio Aladren had recently come to a painful end- Lorca agonized over his homosexuality.
His popular "Gypsy Ballads" were fiercely criticized by his avant-garde artist friends Salvador Dali and Luis Bunuel for being too traditional, and he didn't feel they should be so successful and wanted to shed his image as "Gypsy Balladeer" Lorca the Artist In 1936, Lorca left the manuscript for "Poet in New York" on the desk of his publisher with a note saying he would be "back tomorrow". He never returned. the mysterious creative force that can "lash open the eyes of a poem" and help the audience understand it "at the speed of the voice" Imagination, Inspiration, Evasion Abandonment of the riddle of metaphor for images resistance to rational analysis for the pure instinct of poetry that can "gulp down reality" Wanted his poetry to reflect "all of his love of things and his mockery of things", and abandonment of tradition There were murmuring from the jungle of vomit
with the empty women, with hot wax children,
with fermented trees and tireless waiters
who serve platters of salt beneath harps of saliva.
There's no other way, my son, vomit! There's no other way.
It's not the vomit of hussars on the breasts of their whores,
nor the vomit of cats that inadvertently swallowed frogs,
but the dead who scratch with clay hands
on flint gates where clouds and desserts decay. The fat lady came first
with the crowds from the ships, taverns and parks.
Vomit was delicately shaking its drums
among a few little girls of blood
who were begging the moon for protection.
Who could imagine my sadness?
The look on my face was mine, but now isn't me,
the naked look on my face, trembling for alcohol
and launching incredible ships
through the anemones of the piers.
I protect myself with this look
that flows from waves where no down would go
I, poet without arms, lost
in the vomiting multitude,
with no effusive horse to shear
the thick moss from my temples The fat lady went
and the crowds kept looking for pharmacies
where the bitter tropics could be found.
Only when a flag went up and the first dogs arrived
did the entire city rush to the railings of the boardwalk Born on June 5, 1898 in Fuente Vaqueros, Spain -Don Frederico Garcia Rodriguez
-Doña Vincenta Lorca
-brother, sister He was very artistic. He learned popular songs, read romantic and classical literature, and studied piano and guitar. He was slow to develop in his early years. He learned to talk when he was 3 years old, and he started walking at four. http://www.imagi-nation.com/moonstruck/clsc67.html http://www.nytimes.com/books/first/s/stainton-lorca.html "He recalled his childhood as a time of pure, unambiguous emotion, free from the destructive powers of politics and time. In childhood, his parents had loved him unconditionally." "I will always be on the side of those who have nothing and who are not even allowed to enjoy the nothing they have in peace" LORCA'S LAST DECADE - Highly visible figure
- Only beginning to attain fame outside Spain
- Known left-winger
- Infamously homosexual On August 18, 1936, Federico Garcia Lorca was executed by firing squad in his hometown of Granada at the age of 38. Lorca was executed alongside a teacher and two anarchist bullfighters that fought against Franco's rebellion 6 man firing squad
Others were policemen who risked being killed if they refused.
Most probably had not heard of Lorca..... ...Except a volunteer member of the firing squad, Antonio Benavides Who happened to be a distant relative of Lorca's.
He later boasted, "I gave that fat-head a shot to the head" SO
LORCA? McNamee, G. (2009, August 18). The Death of Federico Garcia Lorca (Time for Spain to Face History) | Britannica Blog. Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved April 30, 2013
Trimlett, G. (2011, June 25). Final hours of Spanish poet Federico García Lorca revealed. The Guardian . Retrieved April 30, 2013, from
- Rightwing political rival Roldan family persuaded the city's Pro-Franco authorities to shoot Lorca
- They were angry with Lorca's anti-communist father, but took revenge on his son - Justification of Granada mostly hating Lorca
- Resentment because his family is rich and left-winged.
- Hate because of Lorca's homosexual tendencies. Leading Theory: Fin. In 2009, there was an excavation at a city called Alfacar to find his remains with the Lorca family permission.
Unfortunately they did not find any bones or remains.
Currently, Caballero, the man who wrote "The Last 13 Hours of Garcia Lorca" has applied for a permit to excavate a again a half kilo from the original site.