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The Rights of Man
Transcript of The Rights of Man
The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the United States of America that contains a preamble followed by 7 articles which describes the national frame of government
Article 6 sets the status of the Constitution as the supreme law of the land, to which leaders must be loyal.
"There are men in all countries that make their living by war, and by keeping up the quarrels of Nations, is a shocking as it is true; but when those who are concerned in the government of a country, make it their study to sow discord and cultivate prejudices between Nations, it becomes the more unpardonable. " - Thomas Paine, The Rights of Man (1791)
"The ball entered above his ear: He tumbled headlong to the ground, bereaved of sensation, though not of life, and had power only to struggle and mutter." - Edgar Huntly
The liberties and freedom of citizens are being taken away or controlled by the government that they chose themselves
Maybe its not always the leaders that are in charge, but the principles that are corrupting a government
The constitution sets up these principles.
"The fact therefore must be that the individuals themselves , each in his own personal and sovereign right, entered into a compact with each other to produce a government: and this is the only mode in which governments have a right to arise, and the only principle in which they have a right to exist..." -Rights of Man
Reflecting on Edgar Huntly
Connecting the Constitution to the Rights of Man
Rights of Man
article talks about corrupted governments and that people make up the government.
The constitution is set up to not be corrupted with checks and balances and was made by and ratified by the people.
"We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America."
The Rights of Man & Edgar Huntly/
The Rights of Man (1791)
Thomas Paine wrote this defending the French Revolution after the American settlers revolted against the English rule
Talks about the liberties being taken away from the people(citizens)
"In England it is said that money cannot be taken out of the pockets of the people without their consent. But who authorized, or who could authorize, the Parliament of 1688 to control and take away the freedom of posterity and limit and confine their right of acting in certain cases for ever?"
The Rights of Man was written to defend the French Revolution.
It argues that Governments are corrupt and don't know how to control themselves.
"The government of England is no friend of the revolution of France."
"The English nation, on the contrary, is very favorably disposed towards the French Revolution, and to the progress of liberty in the whole world."
"In spite of the professions of the sincerest friendship found in the official correspondence of the English government with that of France, its conduct gives the lie to all its declarations, and shows us clearly that it is not a court to be trusted, but an insane court, plunging in all quarrels and intrigues of Europe, in quest of a war to satisfy it folly and countenance its extravagance."
Reflecting on Edgar Huntly
"They destroy the right which they might have, by grounding it on a right that they cannot have. Immortal power is not a human right, and therefore cannot be a right of parliament"
All documents talk about the power the people should have over their society and how either the power is given to or taken by the government
"Governments must have arisen either out of the people or over the people."
Governments should be limited to the power that all citizens have. Citizens should be able to say when governments are taking it too far.
Articles 1 through 3
"All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives"(art. 1).
"The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish"(art. 3)
"The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America"(art. 2).
Articles 1 through 3 talks about the legislative, executive, and judicial branche's roles, rules they go by, and punishment for treason.
Article 4 regulates the power of the states
Article 5 sets up the amendment process
Article 7 addresses ratification and declares that the constitution should take affect if 9 out of 13 states ratify.
"Full Faith and Credit shall be given in each State to the public Acts, Records, and judicial Proceedings of every other State"(Art. 4).
"The Congress, whenever two thirds of both Houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose Amendments to this Constitution, or, on the Application of the Legislatures of two thirds of the several States, shall call a Convention for proposing Amendments..."
"This Constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the United States, shall be the supreme Law of the Land; and the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby, any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any State to the Contrary notwithstanding"
"The Ratification of the Conventions of nine States, shall be sufficient for the Establishment of this Constitution between the States so ratifying the Same"
3 Ways governments have arisen:
-Common interest of society and the common rights of man (Reason)
Man existed before government existed, therefore there was a time when only man could have agreed to start a government
Main points about people in power of government being corrupted, using the English Government as an example of a corrupted Parliament
"The fact therefore must be that the individuals themselves, each in his own personal and sovereign right, entered into a compact with each other to produce a government: and this is the only mode in which governments have a right to arise, and the only principle in which they have a right to exist... " (Page 7, Paragraph 3)