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Modern Times

Charlie Chaplin
by

Cami Naddeo

on 10 April 2013

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Transcript of Modern Times

Advantages and Disadvantages of Industrialization Advantages Urban (cities) and rural (villages) life became dependent upon one another. Isolated life of self-sufficient villages came to an end. 2 Men became free to develop their capabilities in areas other than farming. 3 Centre of economic life shifted from the villages to cities and towns where the factories were situated. 1 It brought countries and people together. There was an international awareness among people because developments in one country influenced the others. 4 The aristocracy and nobility with their feudal ideas were replaced by the newly rich middle class capitalists (bourgeoisie) who also became politically powerful. 5 Better transport, communications and mechanized goods made life comfortable for man. 6 2 6 Disadvantages Cities became crowded, smoky, with problems of slums, housing, sanitation, accidents and epidemics. 1 Women and child labor was badly exploited. 2 Workers suffered from long working hours, low wages, and unemployment, unsafe conditions of work, with no rights to vote strike or form trade unions. 3 Society became divided into rich and poor, the 'Haves' and the 'Have- Nots'. 4 Imperalism bad for colonized countries because
the resources were not well paid 7 Imperealism Industrialization of cheap resources (from colonized countried) 5 Industrialisation FIN Theory of taylor Theory of Ford Controls the time of work, to encrease the productivity The workers didn´t had to have a lot of knowledge, because the jobs were simple When a part of the product was finished, it was took to another section of the factory It was a scientific organization of work There were salary incentives and prices to motivate the workers In the factory, they produced from the raw materials to the finished products The assembly line control the times The factory produced the raw materials and the finished product and it built a chain distribution between the own agencies. The workers received a high salary Examples for assambly line in the world Lockheed Martin Harley davidson Volkswagen -multinational aerospace industry -founded in 1995 by the fusion of Lockheed with Martin Marietta Since 2005, 95% of revenue came from the Department of Defense of the United States, U.S. federal agencies and foreign military customers. Headquartered in Bethesda (Maryland), in the Washington metropolitan area Volkswagen is an automobile manufacturer based in Wolfsburg, Germany. largest automaker in Europe Volkswagen sells its vehicles in more than 153 countries motorcycle manufacturer in the United States based in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Biography Similar to Taylor's theory Early years Born on 16 April 1889, London Parents: Hannah Chaplin and and Charles
Chaplin entertainers in the music hall tradition Chaplins childhood: fraught with
poverty and hardship By 1898:
Mother: committed to Care Hill Mental Asylum
Father: severe alcoholic (died 1900, by the age of 38) Age of 14:
he lived alone, searching for food
and places to sleep Marriges & Family First Marriage by the age of 29, he married 17 year old Mildred Harris 1919: birth of Norman Spencer Chaplin
- the baby was born malformed and died 3 days later Same year: they ended their marriage
(Chaplin felt she was not his intellectual equal) Second Marriage forced to marry 16 years old Lita Grey, because of an unexpected pregnancy under Californian law Chaplin could have been charged with statutory rape discreet marriage in Mexico, 1924 1925: birth of Charles Spencer Chalin Jr. 1926: birth of Sydney Earle Chaplin divorced in 1927: because of an unhappy marriage Affair with Joan Barry Chaplin ended the affair when she began harassing him displaying signs of severe mental illness 1943: she filed a paternity suit
against Chaplin Blood test: proved Chaplin was not the father Barry´s attorney convinced the court that the test was inadmissible as evidence Chaplin was ordered to support the child Third Marriage marry 18-year-old Oona O´Neill by then he was 54 years old together they had 8 children 1944: Geraldine Leigh 1946: Michael John 1949: Josephine Hannah 1951: Victoria 1953: Eugene Anthony 1957: Jane Cecil 1959: Annette Emily 1962: Christopher James Monsieur Verdoux & political problems Vocalized his political views, arguing:
- world encourages mass killing through wars and weapons of mass destruction Negative reception:
influenced Chaplin´s public image During World War II:
- campaigned for opening of Second Front to help the Soviets
- support various Soviet-American friendship groups
- socialized with several individuals linked to communism (Hans Eisler, Berthold Brecht) Chaplin denied American citizenship 1947:
an FBI investigation was opened on Chaplin under the premise that he was a potential threat to national security his next film Limelight was devoid of political themes world premiere in London Attorney General James P. McGranery revoked Chaplins re-entry permit stated: Chaplin would have to submit to an interview
concerning his political views and moral behavior in order to re-entry the United States European years Chaplin did not attempt to return to the United States after his re-entry permit was revoked sent his wife to collect his fortune and decided together to settle in Switzerland his wife renounced her US citizenship and
became a british citizen first European film:
A King In New York, 1954 political satire that attacks the elements
of 1950´s
including:
- plastic surgery
- consumerism
- wide-screen cinema
-rock and roll music the film was not shown in the United States till 1973 Death October 1977:
his health declined, he needed constant care 25 December 1977:
died suffering a stroke in his sleep
(88 years old)
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