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Western vs. NonWestern

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by

Beth Scruggs

on 3 December 2014

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Transcript of Western vs. NonWestern

Western vs. NonWestern
Music
The primary function of music was apparently religion.
gatherings involved either singing or dancing or both
Western music:
The musical culture of the Hebrew people, recorded from about 2000 bc and documented primarily in the Old Testament, was more directly influential in the West because of its adoption and adaptation into the Christian liturgy.
An inventory of the musical heritage transplanted from the ancient East (particularly Greece) to Rome reveals the rich treasure inherited: an acoustical theory that accounted for the identification and classification of tones; a concept of tonal organization resulting in the system of modes; principles of rhythmic organization; basic principles of instrument construction; a system of notation that conveyed all necessary indications of pitch and duration; and a large repertory of melodies to serve as models for further composition.
How western music came about:
Non-western music is generally passed down from generation to generation through word of mouth
Notation is not as significant and improvisation is preferred

Non-Western Music:
Indian music always has had strong ties with mythology and religion
Balinese and Javanese music is centred on the gamelan orchestra (traditional ensemble music of Java and Bali in Indonesia), the instruments of which include the saron and gender metallophones (like xylophones but with metal, not wooden, keys), the gambang kayu xylophone, tuned gongs, flutes, and the rebab, a violin-like instrument with two strings.
The gamelan orchestra, for instance, influenced Debussy, who first heard the music at the Paris Exposition in 1889.
India has different systems of music notation, but it is not as detailed as Western music.
they also use drums and other instruments native to that location. Note patterns of a melody called raga and pattern of beats that are repeated called tala are also characteristics of Indian music.

India:
Much of the early Western music was centered around the church and secular music
African:
A singing technique called "call and response" is evident in African vocal music.
The drum, played either by hand or by using sticks, is an important musical instrument in African culture. Their variety of musical instruments is as diverse as their culture. They make musical instruments out of any material that can produce sound. These include finger bells, flutes, horns, musical bow, thumb piano, trumpets and xylophones
Music is a part of their daily life; it is used to convey news, to teach, to tell a story and for religious purposes

Polynesian:
Polynesia comes from a Greek word which means "many islands." It is a term used to group the islands forming a triangle in the eastern Pacific Ocean namely Hawaii, New Zealand and Easter Island.
Polynesian dancers are fascinating to watch. The words and melody of the song are illustrated through hand gestures and hip movements. The rhythm of the music may either be slow or fast; the music emphasized by stomping of the feet or clapping of hands. Dancers wear colorful clothes that are native to each island such as grass skirts and leis worn by Hawaiian hula dancers..
Instruments commonly used in Polynesian music are drums played by hand or by using sticks. An example of this is the slit-drum which looks like a small canoe. Other instruments used are bamboo nose flute,guitar, gourds, jews harp, rattles, shell trumpet, tapping sticks, pebbles made of lava which are used as castanets and ukulele.
Early Polynesian music is described as chant-songs; vocal music that is chanted using simple to elaborate melodies.
When American and European missionaries came, they brought with them a type of music called hymns wherein the melodies are sung by several voice parts; this influenced Polynesian music.
Instruments commonly used in Polynesian music are drums played by hand or by using sticks. An example of this is the slit-drum which looks like a small canoe

By: Beth and Devin
Look how cool this fish is, man.
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