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Roald Amundsen

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damien heraud

on 27 April 2010

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Transcript of Roald Amundsen

Roald Amundsen
The famous explorer Roald Amundsen was born in Norway in between the towns Fredrikstad and Sarpsborgon, the date was July 16th 1872AD. His family were Norwegian shipowners in the ship called "Borge". The fourth son in the family, his mother chose to keep him out of the maritime industry of the family and pressured him to become a doctor, a promise that Amundsen kept until his mother died when he was aged 21, then quitting university for a life at sea. Amundsen had hidden a lifelong desire inspired by Fridtjof Nansen's crossing of Greenland in 1888 and the doomed Franklin expedition. As a result, he decided on a life of intense exploration. The early life of Roald Amundsen How Roald Amundsen Became of a Explorer Roald Amundsen after quitting university for a life at sea searched for an expedition crew and becameone of the members of the Belgian Antarctic Expedition team(1897–99) as first mate because of his knowledge in handling a boat. This expedition, led by Adrien de Gerlache using the ship the Belgica, became the first expedition to winter in Antarctica. The Belgica, whether by mistake or design, became locked in the sea ice at 70°-30° off of Alexander Island, west of the Antarctic Peninsula. The crew then endured a winter for which the expedition was poorly prepared. By Roald Amundsen's own estimation, the doctor for the expedition, American Frederick Cook, probably saved the crew from scurvy by hunting for animals and feeding the crew fresh meat, an important lesson for Roald Amundsen's future expeditions. The South Pole Expedition After crossing the Northwest Passage, Amundsen made plans to go to the North Pole and explore the North Polar Basin. Amundsen had problems and hesitation raising funds for the departure and upon hearing in 1909 that first Frederick Cook and then Robert Peary claimed the Pole, he decided to reroute to Antarctica. However, he did not make these plans known and misled Robert F, Scott and the Norwegians. Using the ship "Fram" ("Forward"), and left Oslo on June 3, 1910. Using skis and dog sleds for transportation Amundsen and his men created supply depots at South of the Barrier, along a line directly south to the Pole. Amundsen also planned to kill some of his dogs on the way and use them as a source for fresh meat. A premature attempt set out on 8 September 1911, but had to be abandoned due to extreme temperatures. The painful retreat caused a tempering quarrel within the group.A second attempt with a team, departed on October 19, 1911. They took four sledges and 52 dogs. Using a route along the previously unknown, they arrived at the edge of the Polar Plateau on November 21 after a four-day climb. On December 14, 1911, the team of six, with 16 dogs, arrived at the South Pole. They arrived 35 days before Scott’s group. Amundsen named their South Pole camp Polheim, “Home on the Pole.” The team returned to Framheim on January 25, 1912, with 11 dogs. Amundsen’s success was publicly announced on March 7, 1912, when he arrived at Hobart, Australia. How Roald Amundsen Died Amundsen disappeared on June 18, 1928 while flying on a rescue mission with 2 pilots and 3 others looking for missing members of "Nobile's" expedition crew, whose new airship "Italia" had crashed while returning from the North Pole. It is believed that the plane crashed in fog in the Barents Sea, and that Amundsen was killed in the crash, or died shortly afterwards. His body was never found. The search for Amundsen was called off in September by the Norwegian Government. In 2003 it was suggested that the plane went down northwest of Bear Island.
The End
By Damien Heraud
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