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Transcript of Megara, Greece
What should I know about Greece?
Megara is a coastal city-sate. It's in Attica, Greece.
Megara had a direct democracy which was similar to Athens.
It also meant citizens had thier own personal freedom and voice their opinions openly about laws.
Who were the famous Greeks? (continued)
Who were the famous people of Megara, Greece?
How it got its name?
What gods or goddessess where worshiped?
They worshiped a goddess named hermes which was a goddess.
The population was appr.36,294.
Climate & geography-
During the summer: it was very hot and dry.
Who were the famous Greeks? (continued)
War & Weaponary
Government Politicians & Lay-out
Sports & Entertainment
Role of the family:
Father: The man was in charge of the family and the house. Most men worked during the day as businessmen or farmers. When they were at home, they were treated with great respect. Even during dinner, the men laid on couches and were fed and entertained by the slaves.
Mother: Since they spent a lot of time in the house, their most important tasks, aside from having children, were running the household and managing the slaves. Women in less wealthy households did not have slaves and had to do all the housework themselves.
Children: The girls stayed at home and learned while the boys went of to school.
Ancient Greek Clothing:
Daily Life of the Family:
Famous Greek Architecture:
Ancient Greek Architecture:
Sophocles was one of the most successful and famous.
He was the greek that wrote 120 plays.
His plays became very popular.
Euclid was a Greek Philosopher and also a disciple of the Socrates and traditional founder of the Megarian School. This school later became famous for the use of logic and dialetic. He taught that virtue is knowledge. His idea was that the good is the sole of reality.
Theognis was an elegiac poet whose work preserved a glimpse in Greek Society in a time of turmoil. More than half of all the surviving elegiac poetry in Ancient Greek was transmitted under his name.
Eupalinos was one of the best engineers in Ancient Greece. He saw a 3,432 ft. tunnel through a mountain of Samos. He built the Tunnel of Eupalinos on Samos Island. He had slaves working on the tunnel. The slaves used hand tools. He was the designer and seen what the slaves did.
Theagenes was a powerful rich greek. He criticized the rich and helpled the poor. He overthrew the government and helpled the less fortunate. These actions caused a revolution over Theagenes. Property of the rich was confiscated and reforms were made.
Teles was a Cynic and a teacher whose surviving, fragmentary writings are useful sources. He wrote various discourses. All the writings were preserved by Stobaeus. There is not a lot of information on teles except what he reveals in his book.
Stilpo was born in Megara. He was a Moral Philosopher. The Megarian School borrowed from Socrates and the Eleatic philosopher Parmenides to produce its own philosophy.
Byzas was the most famous citizen in Megara. He's the legendary founder of Byzantium in the 7th century B.C.
Clothing for women and men consisted of two main garments a tunic and a cloak. The peplos was a large rectangle of heavy fabric, usually wool, folded over along the upper edge so that the over fold would reach to the waist. It was placed around the body and fastened at the shoulders with a pin or brooch. There were armholes were on each side, and the open side of the garment was either left that way, or pinned or sewn to form a seam.
The Doric Style is the most plain. It was the first style of the stone temples. Its wider at the bottom and slimmer at the top
The Greeks developed three orders with different styles and detailing. The Doric order, Ionic order, Corinthian order.
The Ionic order is famous for its scrolls. Its thinner than the Doric Style and more elegant. This style was found in Eastern Greece and the Islands.
The Corinthian order is very fancy. Its style is seldom in the Greek world, but often seen in Roman Temples. Its capital is decorated with the acanthus leaves.
The Greek Statues represented real people. Their statues were perfect looking people with muscles, noses, and their eyes spaced just right.
Tholos are circular buildings at the center of the sanctuary of Athena Pronaia .
The Greeks stadiums are really big. The stadiums can hold up to 6500 spectators. Athletic games, festivals, and music were events that happened at the stadium.
Megara had beautiful temples as well as statues.
Wrestling : an athlete needed to throw his opponent on the ground, landing on a hip, shoulder, or back for a fair fall. 3 throws were necessary to win a match. Biting was not allowed, and genital holds were also illegal.
Running/Races: The stadion, the oldest form of race at the Olympia was when the runners raced for 1 stade, 192m, or the length of the stadium. Other races included the 2 stade race which was twice the run as he 1st stade (384m) , and one long stade race which ranged from 7 to 24 stades (1,344 m to 4,608m).
Javelin: A man high piece of woord with either a pointed end or a metal head. The pointed end was necessary so could actualy stick in the target zone. It also came with a thong that assisted the power of the throw and gave it a rotating axis motion.
The first war was called the "first pelopennesian war." This war was caused from megara's defection from the spartan dominated Peloponnesian League, faught in 431-404 B.C .
This war was lead by the Spartans. Sparta launched repeated invasions of Attica, while Athens took advantage of its naval supremacy to raid the coast of the Peloponnese attempting to suppress signs of unrest in its empire. Corinth and Thebes demanded that Athens should be destroyed and all its citizens should be enslaved but Sparta refused.
Megara is similiar to corinth.
Like Corinth Megara has a great deal of freedom.
They are great sailors.
Megara was famous for its textiles.
Sometimes they can talk thier way out of trouble simply by trading thier glorious textlies.
During the winter: it was very
muggy and wet.
www.crsd.org/.../Centricity/.../...Magnificent%...Council Rock School District
Foods: They grew wheat and made breads and cereals and noodles. They grew olives, figs, and grapes.
Currency: Their currency was the Megaris which opposed Athens currency of the drachma
The daily life of the family was quite different for men and women. Men were expected to take an active part in the public life of their city, and women were expected to lead a private life as wives and mothers. Their lives were centered on the home.
Lin Don www.greece.mrdonn.org
Megara was a democratic government.
they worshiped many gods. But their major gods and goddesses: Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, Apollo, Artemis, Aphrodite, Ares, Dionysus, Hephaestus.....