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Ancient India ABC Book

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roman jisa

on 28 March 2014

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Transcript of Ancient India ABC Book

Ancient India ABC Book
A - Asoka
One of India's greatest emperor

reigned over most of present-day India

Ashoka waged a bitterly destructive war against the state of Kaling

B - Buddha
means "awakened one" or "the enlightened one

"Buddha" is also used as a title for the first awakened being in an era

rules are believed by Buddhists to have been summarized after his death and memorized by his followers
C - Caste System
Caste is a form of social stratification characterized by endogamy

hereditary transmission of a lifestyle which often includes an occupation

ritual status in a hierarchy and customary social interaction
D - Dharma
is a key concept with multiple meanings in the Indian religions Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism

Dharma signifies behaviors that are considered to be in accord with order that makes life and universe possible

In Buddhism dharma means "cosmic law and order
E - Empire
an empire is a geographically extensive group of states and peoples

empire can be used in an extended sense to denote a large-scale business enterprise

empire of indirect conquest and control with power
F - Fasting
primarily an act of willing abstinence or reduction from certain or all food, drink, or both

normally defined as abstinence from all food and liquid for a defined period

may be only partially restrictive, limiting particular foods or substances.
G - Gupta Empire
was an ancient Indian empire

According to many historians, the Gupta Empire was a Vaishya dynasty

in 375 Emeror Candra Gupta 11 took the throne
H - Hinduism
Hinduism is the dominant religion

Hinduism has been called the oldest religion in the world

Hindu practices include daily rituals such as puja
I - Indus River
The Indus River is a major river in Asia which flows through Pakistan

the river runs a course through the Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir

The river has a total drainage area exceeding 1,165,000 km
J - Jainism
is India's sixth-largest religion and is practiced throughout the whole country.

there are about 4,200,000 Jains in the whole India population

Jain doctrine teaches that Jainism has always existed and will always exist
K - Karma
means action, work or deed

what goes around comes around

Karma is associated with the idea of rebirth in some schools of Asian religions
L - Literature
all written work

literature was first produced by some of the world's earliest civilizations

some of the first written works may have been based on an already existing oral tradition
M - Meditation
a practice in which an individual trains the mind or induces a mode of consciousness

meditation refers to a broad variety of practices

Meditation has been practiced since antiquity as a component of numerous religious traditions and beliefs

N - Nirvanna
most commonly associated with Buddhism.

nirvana refers to the imperturbable stillness of mind after the fires of desire

The term nirvana was not used in Hinduism prior to its use in the Bhagavad Gita
O - Om
is a mantra and mystical Sanskrit sound of Hindu origin

geographically India

placed at the beginning of most Hindu texts
P - Pariah
based on older oral traditions, including animal fables that are as old as we are able to imagine

an ancient Indian inter-related collection of animal fables in verse and prose

The original Sanskrit work, which some scholars believe was composed in the 3rd century BCE
Q - Question
Siddhartha questioned the meaning of life

people were suffering and asking them selves if it was worth it

people were questioning how hard they worked

R - Reincarnation
Reincarnation is the religious or philosophical concept that the soul or spirit

begins a new life in a new body that may be human, animal or spiritual depending on the moral quality of the previous life's actions.

Islam do not believe that individuals reincarnate
S - Sanskript
language in Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and a scholarly literary language

The corpus of Sanskrit literature encompasses a rich tradition of poetry and drama

continues to be widely used as a ceremonial language in Hindu religious rituals and Buddhist practice
T - Thervada
Theravada is the oldest surviving branch of Buddhism

means the Teaching of the Elders

Theravada Buddhism is followed by various countries and people around the globe
U - Untouchables
people belonging to a group of very low social status

a designation for a group of people in Nepal and India

they only had unpleasent obs open to then
V - Varnas
Varnas is the masculine form of a Lithuanian family name

meaning is raven

there are four main varnas Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaisyas, and Sudras
W - Wat
a Buddhist temple

also serves as a monastery

means school
X - Xerxes
means ruling over hero

was the fourth king of the kings of Achaemenid Empire.

also known as Xerxes the Great

Y - Yajurveda
one of the four canonical texts of Hinduism

composed between 1400-1000 BCE

needed to perform the sacrifices of the Veda
apart from being a numeral

affected ancient Indias math

most pervasive symbol know
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