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Civil War Medicine Tanner Reuter

History Class on Civil War Medicine
by

Tanner Reuter

on 10 May 2013

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Transcript of Civil War Medicine Tanner Reuter

Civil War Medicine Amputations There was a large call for Amputation during the Civil War. When a surgeon needed to do an amputation they wanted to leave as much of the limb as possible. Joint wounds almost always needed amputation. If the wound was on the knee they would amputate higher and would go on the thigh. Popular Surgeons during the War CLara Barton Hartwell Carver Tompkins Hartwell Tompkins was born on March 15, 1828 in New York. His mother died when he was 6 and he rarely ever saw his father. He grew up with his Grandparents. When he was 19 he began studying medicine and surgery. He was promoted to surgeon on August 21, 1862. He was part of the medical staff during the war at Antietam. Dr. Tompkins was forced to perform many operations while under fire. He ended his work for a short time from February 18, 1863, to August 11, 1863 where he was almost immediately promoted back to surgeon. Tompkins died at age 75 on August 5, 1903. Knowledge of Medicine During the Civil War, doctors and surgeons didnt know that much about medicine. If someone was infected, the doctors didnt know what it was and did very little to help it. There weren't any antibiotics available to them. A soldier faced an even greater threat of dying from disease than he did getting shot. More soldiers died from disease than soldiers did during battle. Small Pox, Pneumonia, Measles, Dysentery, and Malaria killed the most soldiers. John Fulton Reynolds John Reynolds died defending his home state of Pennsylvania. Reynolds was shot in the back of the head by a rifle ball. It went through the brain. Before he died he smiled and seemed happy. Again, there was no surgeon that could help him. Hospitals At the start of the war there was only one Hospital with about 40 beds. It was located at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. Every building was used as a hospital during the war. The Capitol was also used. By the end of the war the Union had had established 203 Hospitals and the Confederacy had 150. By Tanner Reuter and Jonathon Murphy Common Medical Terms "ague: Fever, or other recurrent symptom resulting from malaria also known as a chill. It was a common synonym for intermittent fever."

"apoplexy: stroke; sudden impairment due to a cranial hemorrhage. It could also refer to extravasation of blood in any organ."

"pyemia: refereed to pus in blood, literally. Used during the Civil War to denote all types of blood poisoning. It was very often fatal."

"mortification: death."

"dementia: insanity. Organic loss of intellectual function"
-eHistory.com Clara Barton was born on Christmas, December 25, 1821. She was a popular nurse during the civil war for the Union, and also worked as a teacher. Clara was nicknamed, "The angel of the Battlefield." Clara not only worked on the battlefield, but off too. She helped missing soldiers find their family and became a speaker. She spoke about her experiences during the war. She is also the founder of the American Red Cross Society which she founded in 1881. She died on April 12, 1912. Women Women were not allowed to become soldiers in the Civil War. Many of them changed their name to a male name and fought. Others became nurses. There were approximately 3,200 women that were nurses during the Civil War. They were paid $12 a month to be a nurse. They left their families and everything behind. Work Cited Page http://www.nps.gov/wicr/forteachers/upload/Civil-War-Medicine-for-teachers.pdf

http://www.sonofthesouth.net/leefoundation/civil-war-medicine.htm

http://www.biography.com/people/clara-barton-9200960

http://ehistory.osu.edu/uscw/features/medicine/cwsurgeon/ http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~nyorlean/HCTompkins.htm http://www.biography.com/people/clara-barton-9200960 Dr. Hunter Holmes McGuire Dr. McGuire was born on October 11, 1835. He became a full doctor at the age of 22. McGuire was first signed up to be a soldier but he then became a trained doctor for the Confederacy. McGuire served under many commanders including Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson. He witnessed many major battles and tragedies during the war. He died from Pneumonia in May of 1863. eHistory.osu.edu Medical Information On Generals Major General Stuart, the Commander of the ANV's cavalry, was wounded at the battle of the Yellow Tavern. He was shot in the chest by a trooper at about 15 yards. The bullet went through the right side of his ribs and into the peritoneal cavity. He died 27 hours later. They didn't have anything to heal him with. eHistory.osu.edu http://www.sonofthesouth.net/leefoundation/civil-war-medicine.htm http://www.nps.gov/wicr/forteachers/upload/Civil-War-Medicine-for-teachers.pdf http://www.nps.gov/wicr/forteachers/upload/Civil-War-Medicine-for-teachers.pdf
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