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Feminism/Roles of Women
Transcript of Feminism/Roles of Women
Pooja Patel, Rujuta Patel, and Sowmya Srinivasan Feminist Movements & Role of Women The Beginning... Global Overview After the end of the world war in 1945 it became clear that women would play a more significant role in society, because they had a significant role in the war.
Women realized that they are equal to men and should stand up for their rights.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton started the movement in the Seneca Falls Convention and it became widespread. In the landscape of World War II, fashion in women's clothing responded to the restrained mood and economy of war. Drabness and uniformity were embraced.
Service uniforms are worn by men and women
Limited materials cause the fashion to emphasize shorter skirts, and shorter jackets, minimal buttons on a piece of clothing, and ankle socks
Soon they become bored of this and a new fashion of using expensive luxurious fabrics is adopted. Jewelry becomes necessary to wear.
1960's-1980's marks the Fashion Revolution where people rebel against the traditional clothing and start new trends like bell bottoms, short skirts, poodle skirts, jeans, etc.
This soon ended too and we started wearing more casual clothing. Fancy clothing is no longer always worn. It is replaced by ripped jeans, baggy clothing, sweatpants, etc
The whole world doesn't follow this trend. Pakistan, India, Saudi Arabia, Egypt have certain restrictions. Womens Clothing 1945 Women industrial workers begin to lose their jobs in large numbers to returning service men, although surveys show 80% want to continue working.
1957 The number of women and men voting is approximately equal for the first time.
1960 The Food and Drug Administration approves birth control pills.
1960 Women now earn only 60 cents for every dollar earned by men, a decline since 1955. Women of color earn only 42 cents.
1963 The Equal Pay Act, proposed twenty years earlier, establishes equal pay for men and women performing the same job duties. It does not cover domestics, agricultural workers, executives, administrators or professionals.
1964 Title VII of the Civil Rights Act bars employment discrimination by private employers, employment agencies, and unions based on race, sex, and other grounds. To investigate complaints and enforce penalties, it establishes the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), which receives 50,000 complaints of gender discrimination in its first five years.
1966 In response to EEOC inaction on employment discrimination complaints, twenty-eight women found the National Organization for Women to function as a civil rights organization for women.
1968 The first national women's liberation conference is held in Chicago.
1968 The National Abortion Rights Action League (NARAL) is founded.
1970 The Equal Rights Amendment is reintroduced into Congress.
1973 Billie Jean King scores an enormous victory for female athletes when she beats Bobby Riggs in "The tennis tournament watched by nearly 48,000,000 people."
1974 Hundreds of colleges are offering women's studies courses. Additionally, 230 women's centers on college campuses provide support services for women students.
1981 At the request of women's organizations, President Carter proclaims the first "National Women's History Week," incorporating March 8, International Women's Day.
1981 Sandra Day O'Connor is the first woman ever appointed to the US Supreme Court. In 1993, she is joined by Ruth Bader Ginsberg.
1992 Women are now paid 71 cents for every dollar paid to men. The range is from 64 cents for working-class women to 77 cents for professional women with doctorates. Black women earned 65 cents, Latinas 54 cents.
2008 Reached second place in the Democratic Party primaries, winning 1,726½ Delegate votes and more primaries than any other woman in history Timeline of Feminist Events Feminism primarily started as a phenomenon in Europe and America in its early days and now it has spread throughout the world in various ways. The reason for this is the lack of equality among the gender in almost every culture and society around the world in one way or the other. Today feminism is a broad phenomenon and it addresses issues and problems specifically related to a particular society and culture yet it is united at the global level for promoting equality "among the genders" in all spheres of life. Elizabeth Cady Stanton Education The education of women is essential to promote gender equality. This has improved since the beginning of history. Gradually women were allowed to get educated, but they were taken out by the time they hit puberty. Saudi Arabia, Nigeria, Libya, Oman, India, and Pakistan: lower literacy rates for women than men. These countries don't have free schools, which was the main reason for the fewer amount of educated women. Parents couldn't afford to educate all of their kids so they tend to favor the boys when it comes to schooling.
USA, Europe, Brazil: Developing countries where they have free public schools. One of the few countries that support women to get educated. Taliban Shoots
14 year old Girl Parts of Pakistan are still under Taliban rule. On October 9, 2012 a 14 year old girl Malala Yousufzai was shot in the head and neck
Reason: She went against the Taliban's and promoted education for girls
Was taken to UK for treatment and recovered
Ended up going back to Pakistan to continue her education
She was a cheerful girl who wanted to become a doctor and a politician to stand up for women rights
Dreams almost ended when she died Muslim restrictions Ladies are required to cover all parts of their body from head to toe. They are only to be seen without it in front of their families. If you are out in public and others can see your skin, men are allowed to rape you. Sexual
Harassment the unwelcome attention of a sexual nature and is a form of legal and social harassment Women have always been seen as pawns by men till the 1960's when the civil rights movement was passed. This is the one issue that the world has in common. No matter how much we progressed, sexual harassment has been a big part of the women rights. Sexual Harassment
in Different Countries: Democratic Republic of Congo: Known as the Rape Capital of the World. They think of Congolese women as second class citizens.
Egypt: Another high risk area of sexual harassment. Even wearing conservative clothing doesn't help as women are still attacked. Men feel that it ensures women status doesn't rise above men
London: Gangs harass women to achieve status
New York: Just like the Democratic Republic of Congo, NY has many rape cases that affects the safety of women. They need curfew times to be safe. Rape Case in India A 23 year old woman and her boyfriend were going back home around 9:30 pm after watching a movie in South Delhi. They boarded the bus that was pretty much empty except for 6 men. The boyfriend of the woman realized that the bus was going the wrong direction. He told the bus driver but the six men intervened and taunted the couple. The boyfriend tried to defend and the 6 men knocked him unconscious by hitting him with an iron rod. They took the girl to the back of the bus and raped her while the bus driver continued to drive. They then threw both out of the bus. The girl was beaten really badly and had internal injuries as well. They took her to Singapore to treat her but unfortunately she passed away. Women In government Women have not been equally accepted in the government for a very long time.
Starting with the right to vote, women were never viewed as equal to men. They felt that they did not have a say in the government therefore the men can decide.
Communist parties where the ones who started and lead feminist movements
woman suffrage is the right of women to vote and to run for office. Limited voting rights were gained by women in Sweden, Britain, Finland and some western U.S. states in the late 19th century Major Females
Margaret Thatcher (October 13, 1925) Known as the Iron Lady, Thatcher was the only woman Prime Minister of Britain and remains the longest candidate to have held the post.
Indira Gandhi (November 19, 1917 - October 31, 1984) India's first female head of government and the world's second head of government.
• Aung San Suu Kyi (June 19, 1945)Daughter of the father of modern-day Burma, Suu Kyi is widely recognized as the symbol of pure democracy across Southeast Asia
• Hilary Clinton(October 26 1947 – present ) Reached second place in the Democratic Party primaries, winning 1,726½ Delegate votes and more primaries than any other woman in history, Second Wave
1960's - 1980's The second wave of feminism came as an explosion in America and then spread across the world as fire. The movement was especially vocal in matters like civil rights, sexual liberation, childcare, health, welfare, education, work and reproductive rights including the right to abortion. Cultural and social equality for women was a major issue in the second wave of feminism. The second wave of feminism especially campaigned against the social and cultural stereotyping of women as "only capable of becoming a housewife" and nothing more. It advocated for equal rights for women as of men to pursue a work life and career. Third Wave of Feminism
1990's The third wave of feminism is in fact a continuation of the second wave of feminism beginning from the early 1990s and it focuses on the perceived failures of the second wave of feminism. The third wave also focuses on issues like race, gender and feminism. Further the movement broadens into global dimensions with different shades of feminism becoming visible based on issues specific to a particular society or a culture. Abortion
Ireland has anti-abortion laws
hospital harshly criticized when a woman asked for abortion, and was she was refused the abortion.
Savita Halappanavar went to the hospital complaining of back pains while she was 17 weeks pregnant.
The doctors told her that she was going to have a miscarriage but said no to an abortion for her, even though she was going through a lot of pain.
She died at the hospital Multiple Choice
For example in East Africa women were circumcised for male prospects belief. It was to make sure they don’t enjoy any sort of sexual conduct.
Chasity Belts- locks onto to prevent from intercourse
•On February 6, 2004, USA Today reported that at Athens airport in Greece, a woman's steel chastity belt had triggered a security alarm at the metal detector. The woman explained that her husband had forced her to wear the device to prevent an extramarital affair Women's Education Women's Clothing Women In Government Sexual Harassment 1. Why was Malala shot in the head and neck by the Taliban? A. Because she is a girl
B. She went to school
C. She went against the Taliban and
supported education for women.
D. She stole items from the Taliban 2. Which of these were the first fashion for women after the world war? A. Service Uniforms
B. Short Skirts & Jackets
C. Bell Bottoms & Poodle Skirts
D. Ripped Jeans 3. Limited women rights in voting were gained in which country during the end of the 19th Century? Abortion A. Egypt
D. Brazil 5. Which Country is known as the "rape capital of the world"? A. Egypt
C. New York
D. Democratic Republic of Congo 4. How many weeks was Savita Pregnant?
A. She was not pregnant
B. 10 weeks
C. in the process of delivery
D. 17 weeks Women Traumatized Abortion Laws 2013 Map Primary Source