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Style, Tone and Diction of The Stranger

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Jonathan Golin

on 4 September 2013

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Transcript of Style, Tone and Diction of The Stranger

Style, Tone, Diction, and Irony in The Stranger
Jonathan Golin
Rachel Davidson
There is a shift of diction and sentence structure between the first part and second part.
In the first part, Albert Camus is very understated, short, and concise. Camus keeps his sentences short and to the point.(pg. 32-33)
In the second part, Camus uses longer sentences and a higher vocabulary.(pg. 87)
In the first part of The Stranger, the tone is very indifferent. Meursault is kind of detached from his own life.
In the second part of The Stranger, the tone becomes more involved, but still kind of indifferent. Meursault starts talking about things with a little bit more emotion and thoughts.
The diction of the first part is very simple and easy to understand, it reflects the style very much.
The diction in the second part develops a lot more complexity, Camus uses a higher vocabulary as he approaches death and in the epiphany.
How does the change in diction contribute to the work as a whole?
What motivated Camus to change the diction so much between the two parts of the book?
Is it a coincidence that Albert Camus has a similar style of writing as Hemingway? Was he influenced by him?
Meursault’s belief that the world is meaningless and purposeless becomes apparent through Camus’s use of irony.
-Thomas Perez, the one person who actually cares about Maman, cannot keep up with her funeral procession because of his ailing physical condition.
Dramatic irony: irony that is used in a narrative when an event occurs whose significance is understood by the audience, but not grasped by the characters.
-The Trial
-Marie's declaration of love
Situational Irony- An outcome that turns out to be very different from what was expected, the difference between what is expected to happen and what actually occurs.
-Meursault expresses no grief about his mother's death
-Meursault shoots the Arab

Structural Irony-A deluded hero or unreliable narrator, whose view of the world differs widely from the true circumstances recognized by the the readers.
- “For a second I had the ridiculous feeling that they were there to judge me.” Meursault’s feelings of guilt and paranoia make him feel judged. However, we know Meursault has an unreliable perception of others’ feelings and views, so this idea of him being judged is most likely false. (p.10)
"For sale: baby shoes, never worn."
-Earnest Hemingway
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