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Rita Guan

on 12 August 2013

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Copper telecommunication networks are used in Australia to connect homes and businesses to the internet. Our broadband performance is slower so that is why we are lagging behind many other countries. Technology in Australia is advancing at a rapid rate, and is playing a big role in our everyday lives, whether from learning and communicating to health and business. Australia is investing in the NBN as it shows a big significance in the quality and speed of broadband service, also to prepare Australia for the future. Fibre is often known as 'future proof' technology as it can support a variety of applications at once and can provide reliable and high speed services for families and businesses, at a minimum speed rate of 24 megabytes per second. It can also be easily upgraded, plus NBN is also the largest telecommunications in Australia's history. NBN will also provide separation between retail and wholesale service. This means that the NBN company will roll out this network and sell this wholesale service to service providers, and the providers will then offer retail services to the public. This wholesale price will then be the same for all three technologies, and the same price as the basic service. The NBN will provide faster and more reliable services for an affordable price to the general public, ensuring that every area in Australia will have access to the NBN, and its high high speed internet access.
The NBN will impact positively and negatively on everyday lives.
The positive impacts include:
-Faster and more reliable broadband services.
-Better opportunities for education: for example, people will be able to choose their university to study at, whether they live in urban or rural areas in Australia.
-Greater access to health services: for example, a person may be able to speak with their doctor through video consultation, saving time and costs.
-Family and entertainment: for example, chatting with friends and family through quality video consultation. Entertainment would include gaming, internet-connected television, and watching television shows on computer, and all at once, too.
-Business: reduce costs, increase efficiency and find new markets. The NBN will be able to provide businesses to conduct more online sales, transfer data more easily, and hold meetings online, saving time and costs.
-Teleworking: working at home will be easier, more opportunities for flexible working practices.
The negative impacts include:
-People in rural areas will not be prepared for the sudden change in technology, and that they will not understand the potential of the NBN.
South Korea has one of the highest broadband connectivity in the world. Most of the homes in South Korea are able to choose from ISDN, ADSL, cable or satellite internet for connectivity. The average download speed is 15 Mbps, and this is ten times the world's average, making South Korea's broadband connectivity the fastest in the world. The average cost of a broadband connection with high speed and download is $28USD per month, while an internet connection with unlimited access and slower speeds is only $8USD per month. The NBN can provide high speed broadband connectivity, with a minimum cost of $30 a month with 12 Mbps download speed and 15 gigabytes of monthly data allowance. This cost is more expensive than the cost for South Korea's connections, but the high speed is an advantage to users. The NBN can only be used in three technologies, whereas South Korea can use high speed broadband in four technologies.
Pros for NBN:
-Faster, more reliable and consistent connection speed
-No installation cost needed
-An increase in productivity
-Fibre is reliable as it does not corrode in water, estimated to last up to sixty years.
Cons for NBN:
- It is a very long process, and will take an estimated ten years to complete.
-If you do not wish to install the NBN, copper wires will be deactivated, once the NBN has finished being installed, it will cause trouble.
Opinion of NBN
I am an independent authority of the Australian Government and have been addressed by a local news company about my views of the NBN. I approve of the NBN and believe that it is a great advancement for technology. The reasons behind this are that it will provide much faster, more reliable and high speed broadband to all of Australia by using optic fibre, fixed wireless and satellite. Finally, Australia will be able to catch up to the rest of the world in terms of broadband speeds. This network is also for the preparation of the next generation. Fibre is a lot more reliable than copper wires as it does not corrode in air, water or chemicals. The NBN will provide many benefits, whether it is education, business, entertainment, health or teleworking. This is a new network, the NBN will be affordable for all those who want faster broadband services. Installation is for free, this being a massive advantage. Although it may take a long time, I believe that it will be beneficial for the future generation.

The NBN is a communications network that will provide faster, more reliable and high speed broadband and telephone services within Australia. The NBN will accomplish this by using a mixture of three technologies: optic fibre, fixed wireless and next generation satellite. These technologies will have the ability for people to connect to others. This ten year plan will make sure that every home, school or business will have access to NBN. The NBN will be able to provide up to one gigabyte per second.
The NBN will provide faster broadband services within Australia by using:
long thin, strands of pure glass (with a diameter of a human hair), are bundled up, and used to transmit light signals over long distances. The light signals can carry video, information and voice to a person's phone or computer at a very fast speed. The NBN aims to connect 93% of Australians in urban areas with optic fibre cabling, and can offer download speeds up to 100 megabytes per second (Mbps).
delivered through the air by radio communications over the use of antennas that transmit signals directly to a small outdoor antenna attached to a building. The NBN uses 4G technology for this network, and sends signals to fixed places in Australia, for the 4% that cannot receive satellite or optic fibre.
Satellite services have been built to provide high speed broadband for the 3% of people that live or work in the remotest areas.
How it works - NBN Co
-Home | NBN - National Broadband Network - Australia
- http://www.nbnco.com.au/nbn-for-home/how-it-works/how-it-works.html
-Montimedia NBN Retailer | Montimedia & mTelecom
-The Three NBN Technologies - NBN Co
http://www.nbn.gov.au/2012/11/23/how-will-i-benefit/ Media Release: ---- - -Regional Australians unprepared for major effects
-Internet in South Korea - Footprints Recruiting
-Top 10 Nations by Average Internet Speeds - Entertainment ...
-NBN - National Broadband Network - iiNet Australia-
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