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The History of the Relationship between India and Pakistan

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Jessie Murday

on 7 February 2013

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Transcript of The History of the Relationship between India and Pakistan

The History of the Relationship between India and Pakistan 1940-1947: Islam vs. Hinduism 2013: Present Day India and Pakistan The Muslims and Hindus formed two separate political parties- the Muslim League and Indian National Congress. Due to increasing tensions between the two groups, Mohammad Ali Jinnah called for the partition between the warring religions.

Mohammad Ali Jinnah was a key leader of the partition. He formed the Muslim League for the best interests of the Muslims and strongly encouraged the Muslims in the Indian National Congress to leave. He as well feared that once Britain allowed for the self-rule of India that the Hindus would take total control of the government. Hence, he presented his religious division plan to the British. The battle for Kashmir was fought between India and Pakistan. The region was valued for its cashmere goats that grew beautiful and expensive cashmere fleeces. Although Kashmir's ruler was Hindu, Kashmir had a majority Muslim population. After the United Nations arranged a cease-fire, one-third of Kashmir was placed beneath Pakistani control and the remainder of the region under Indian rule. 1947-1971: Battle for Kashmir and Formation of Bangladesh Jawaharal Nehru (1947-1964) On September 11, 2001, Pakistani terrorists attack the United States. Planes attacked the twin towers and the Pentagon. Many Americans passed away and vast structural damage occurred amongst the nationally-renowned buildings. Religious extremists carried out the assailments due to American military bases located on their holy land. As a result, Pakistan agreed to assist the U.S. in dismantling the Al Qaeda and the Taliban in Afghanistan; the Al Qaeda were and Islamic militant organization in Pakistan. 2001: 9/11 Attacks The subcontinent of India has become one of the fastest-growing economies in the world. It's current leader is Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. Unfortunately, over a third of Indians are illiterate due to corrupted education systems, but the country still has managed to develop nuclear weapons. India and Pakistan remain at war for the region of Kashmir, worrying neighboring countries because both regions have possession over newly produced atomic weapons that place countless Asians at stake. To conclude, the Hindus of India and Muslims of Pakistan never truly learned how to create peace between their nations after the Raj rule of Britain. Eventually, Britain released control over its Asian colonies following World War II. Pakistan and India then emerged as separate independent nations, and the major historical event referred to as the Partition was implemented. Pakistan was for the Muslims, and the entire subcontinent of India was for the Hindus. However, conflict arose as Muslims murdered the Sikhs headed for India, while the Sikhs and Hindus killed the Muslims trekking north. Pakistan was always disjointed and lacked unity in its two territories to the east and west of India. Thus, it was expected that one region would desire independence. After a bloody battle for their freedom, East Pakistan became Bangladesh. Indira Gandhi
(1966-1984) Jarwaharal Nehru served as India's leader in its first seventeen years of independence. He had been a devoted follower of Gandhi and had won the popularity of all groups in India. He greatly asserted the democracy, unity, and economic modernization of his country. He was as well seen as a national leader when he led other newly independent nations of the world, forming of an alliance of countries that were neutral in the conflicts of the Cold War. Indira Gandhi was elected as prime minister shortly following the death of her father, Jawaharal Nehru. Although she ruled quite capably, she faced countless religious struggles mainly revolving around the Sikhs. The Sikhs wanted an independent state for themselves, similar to what the Hindus and Muslims received. Hence, Sikh nationalists sought to attack symbols of Indian authority; therefore, Indian troops overwhelmed the Sikh Golden Temple at Amritsar, killing Sikhs and demolishing sacred relics. In retaliation, Sikh bodyguards assigned to Indira Gandhi murdered her, triggering yet another killing frenzy of the Sikhs. Osama bin Laden was the mastermind behind the 9/11 attacks. He was discovered and killed by navy seals in May of 2011. He was hiding not far from Pakistan's capital, Islamabad. Osama was a strict believer in the Islamic religion. Pakistan is significantly lacking modernization compared to surrounding Asian territories. Countless countries including India at least bear a partial grudge against Pakistan for the fatal incidents of 9/11; this has as well negatively adjusted many attitudes of people towards the Muslim religion. Moreover, social, political, and economical instabilities linger from the struggles fought between India, Bangladesh, and Britain. Asif Ali Zadari stands as the current president of Pakistan proceeding the death of his wife, Benazir Bhutto. As stated before, Pakistan and India still dispute over the division of Cashmere, often threatening nuclear war. Unlike India, Pakistan still has quite a far way to progress. Sources Used 1. britannica.com 2. heritage.org 3. South Asia Imperialism to Independence 4. 1947: The Birth of India and Pakistan 5. India at a Crossroads
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