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Cardiovascular Diseases

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by

Kemi Abdulai

on 29 October 2014

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Transcript of Cardiovascular Diseases

62
ECG
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Gracias!!
Coronary Heart Disease
Coronary heart disease is caused by the solidification of the arteries. This process is called atherosclerosis. This simply means that fatty deposits build up inside the arteries. These arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen blood throughout your body
Symptoms:
The more late and serious symptoms are:
Sweating
Shortness of breath
Weakness
Nausea
Fast heart beat rate
Causes
Congested Heart Failure is caused by conditions that damage the heart muscle like heart attacks even diabetes and kidney disease can cause heart failure. The arteries will become blocked and blood won't flow properly.
Dyslipidemia
Dyslipidemia is an abnormal amount of lipids (cholesterol and fat) in the blood. Dyslipidemia conditions include hyperlipidemia where there is an excess of lipids in the blood.

Signs and Symptoms
Coronary artery disease
Abnormal pain (lacking blood supply to the intestines)
Confusion and dyspnea
Aphaia (difficulty in speaking)
Dizziness
Heart Disease
Impairment of balance
Stroke (decreased blood flow to your brain)
Chest Pain
Congested Heart Failure
Cardiovascular Diseases
By: Kemi Abdulai, Nneka Okoro, Courtney Shuler, Hannah Wortham & Regina Martin

Various factors can contribute to coronary heart disease.
Smoking
High Blood Pressure
Diabetes
Sedentary Lifestyle
Causes
Signs And Symptoms
Symptoms can be very obvious,but you can the disease and not have any symptoms.
Chest pain or discomfort is the most common symptom
Shortness of breath
Fatigue
General weakness
Prognosis
Everyone is different. Therefore, everyone will recover differently. You can maintain a healthy life by changing your diet, stop smoking, and take medication the way your doctor prescribes it. Others may need medical procedures such as angioplasty or surgery.

African Americans are at a greater risk than anybody else for congested heart failure. It starts developing at a younger age, because African Americans have a higher rate of being overweight and having other diseases.
Signs:
In the beginning of heart failure, you experience
Coughing
Loss of appetite
Weight gain
People with heart failure can live many years. There is no cure for heart failure but there are ways to make things easier such as medications and surgeries. You can change your diet by eating healthier, less sugar and salt. A good balance of potassium is also helpful.
Overall eating healthy and living a healthy lifestyle will lower the risk of heart failure even though it isn’t preventable there are steps you can take to live better.

Causes
There are numerous causes that lipid disorder can occur:
Sedentary lifestyle
Overuse of alcohol
Obesity
Overproduction and defective clearance of the cholesterol
Chronic kidney disease
Intake of drugs like estrogen, retinoids, etc
Prognosis
The management of lipid disorder depends on the age, signs/symptoms of the affected person.
Eat a well-balanced diet
Exercise regularly
Quit smoking
Healthy lifestyle
Medicines/Drug Treatment
Weight Management
High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)
Hypertension is a chronic condition where the blood pressure in the arteries is elevated. Your blood pressure is 140/90 mmHg or above most of the time. This can lead to coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke, kidney failure, and other health problems.

According to the American Heart Association (AHA), approximately 75 million adults in the United States are affected by hypertension.
Signs & Symptoms
One of the most dangerous aspects of hypertension is that you may not know that you have it. Nearly one-third of people who have high blood pressure don't know it. the only way to know if your blood pressure is high is through regular checkups.
Symptoms
Severe Headaches
Vision problems
Fatigue or confusion
Chest pain
difficulty breathing
Blood in the urine
Pounding in your chest, neck, or ears.
Prognosis
Eat a better diet with less salt
Regular physical activity
Manage stress
Avoid tobacco smoke
Limit alcohol use
Take medications if prescribed to you
Did you know most males do not take their medications for hypertension because it causes erectile dysfunction?
An erectile dysfunction is when a man cannot get or keep an erection that is firm enough to have intercourse.
Myocardial Infraction (Heart Attack)
An MI(heart attack) occurs when blood stops flowing properly to a part of the heart and the heart muscle is injured because it is not receiving enough oxygen.
Myocardinal Infraction is the leading causes of death in the United States and in the most industrialized nations throughout the world.
Signs and Symptoms
Although chest pain or pressure is the most common symptoms of a heart attack, victims may experience:
Pain, fullness, squeezing sensation of the chest
Shortness of breath
Nausea or vomiting
Sweating
Heartburn or indigestion
upper back pain
No symptoms(approximately one quarter of heart attacks are silent, without chest pain.
Treatment
Time is critical during treatment of a heart attack. The longer the time from the onset of a heart attack to reestablish the blood flow to the heart, the more permanent heart damage can occur.
Chew on an aspirin
Angioplasty(a procedure to open up narrowed arteries)
Coronary bypass surgery
Oxygen can be distributed through nasal tubes
Prognosis
Full transcript