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Second Great Awakening
Transcript of Second Great Awakening
By: Sara Scott and
Let's Get Started!!
The following are movements that occurred
The Second Great Awakening
The Second Great Awakening
The Second Great Awakening was a spiritual resurgence that fundamentally altered the character of American religion.
Choose A Path (doesn't really matter):
Temperance is the abstinence from alcoholic drinks. Drunkenness broke down family structure. Drinking was a problem found in women, clergymen, and congress. Neal S Dow lead the movement for Maine to ban the manufacture and sale of alcohol and in 1826, the American Temperance Society was founded to persuade people to stop drinking.
In the 2nd Great Awakening there was a new emphasis on education which was seen as a way to instill republican values. There was more of focus on discipline in schools rather than actual learning.
was the key reformer of education. He promoted schools and encouraged new learning.
Abolition of Slavery
The New Education System calls for longer school hours and a widely expanded curriculum
- Horace Mann
"It is an object of vast magnitude that systems of eduction should be adopted and pursued which may not only diffuse a knowledge of the sciences but may implant in the minds of the american youth the principles of virtue and of liberty and inspire them with just and liberal ideas of government and with an inviolable attachment to their own country."
-Noah Webster, 1788
On the education of Youth in America
A new set of ideas brought about by Charles Fourier in hopes to create a subsistence community where everyone could coexist and work together.
A political cartoon illustrating the strength in a society working together towards one goal.Similar to ideas of utopian socialism.
The Second Great Awakening was a reaction to both Deism and Unitarianism.Different political and social ideas brought about countless new denominations among the people during the time. Peter Cartwright was a revivalist and a traveling preacher who converted thousands to Christianity. Charles Grandison Finney was one of the greatest revivalist preachers.
the picture illustrates the crossroads between faith and science, implemented in Deism and Unitarianism.
"Finding that no religion is based on facts and cannot be true, I began to reflect what must be the condition of mankind trained from infancy to believe in error."
"[T]hat we were everywhere spoken against, caricatured and misrepresented; without colleges and seminaries, without religious books or periodicals, without missionary funds, and almost all other religious means; and our ministers did not for many years, on an average, receive over fifty dollars support annually, and a Methodist preacher's library almost entirely consisted of a Bible, Hymn Book, and a Discipline, may we not, without boasting, say with one of old, 'What hath God wrought?'"
Both are political cartoons against drinking.
"Here is a fearful enemy of God and man--the liquor traffic; it makes ruthless war upon the people; it blasts and destroys their homes as with pestilence and fire; it kills savagely, cruelly, more than a hundred thousand of them every year; robbing them first and driving wives and children to rain and despair."
-Neal S Dow
These are rights that promote a position of legal and social equality of the sexes. Women were to stay home and they couldn't vote nor could they own land once married. This actually caused women to avoid marriage. At Seneca Falls in 1848, Woman gathered to rewrite the Declaration of Independence to include women and came up with The Declaration of Sentiments. Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Mary Ann McClintock, and Jane Hunt were present at the Convention. Sarah Margret Fuller wrote
Women in the Nineteenth Century.
"I think the girl who is able to earn her own living and pay her own way should be as happy as anybody on earth. The sense of independence and security is very sweet."
-Susan B Anthony
Poorer plantation owners wanted slavery abolished because they were in debt to wealthier plantation owners. Some states wanted any type of emancipation illegal and the Nullification Crisis of 1832 silenced white abolitionists. William Lloyd Garrison wrote The Liberator and burned a copy of The Constitution in public. The opposition beat out the movement . There would have been an economic downfall if slavery was abolished when machines like textile mills came into question; whites didn't want to do work like that.
"I will be as harsh as truth, and uncompromising as justice... I am in earnest, I will not equivocate, I will not excuse, I will not retreat a single inch, and I will be heard."
"Enslave the liberty of but one human being and the liberties of the world are put in peril."
-William Lloyd Garrison
This quote shows that a place shouldn't be governed with religion because it has no foundation.