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Vicksburg Battle

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by

Cynthia Quezada

on 4 January 2013

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Transcript of Vicksburg Battle

The commanders: Ulysses S. Grant from the United States & Lieutenant John Pemberton The objectives for going into battle: The objective for launching into the Vicksburg Battle was because the Union wanted to stop Confederate forces from shipping on the Mississippi River. They thought that if they captured the town then the Civil War victory would practically be theirs. Battle of Vicksburg By: Cynthia Quezada & Laura Castro Most noteworthy feature of the battle: The most noteworthy feature of the battle was when General Grant managed to blockade the Mississippi River. This river formed connections between the Confederates on either side of the stream, at Vicksburg and Port Hudson. When General Grant managed to cut off this connection between the Confederates, it really helped the Union a lot. This meant that the South wouldn't have as many supplies, and couldn't communicate as much with the other Confederates. Factors that enabled the north to win: The North won this battle because General Grant fortified the city of Vicksburg, Mississippi. For seven weeks Vicksburg was heavily bombarded and eventually the Confederacy surrendered. The Union also had a larger army than the confederacy. They were able to deceive Pemberton’s Troops and then attack from behind. Union troops were well equipped and ready to go into battle. Although many were tired, their advantage was that they were united. Factors that hindered the South: Result of the battle contributed to victory of Union in Civil War: How war might have been different if Confederates had won this battle: The South was not able to come out victorious because the soldiers of Pemberton’s Army were ill, wounded, and were poorly fed so a great majority of them were unable to fight. They were split in half, cut off by Union forces. Eventually General Pemberton drew up a white flag and surrendered. Because of this loss, Britain would not recognize the South as an independent nation. Vicksburg was “the key” for victory because the Union successfully cut off Texas, Arkansas, and Louisiana from the rest of the Confederacy. Every last resource was crucial for the South because they had many necessities. The Confederacy was sending resources to each other left to right, right to left. Intervening with that strategy would cause disorder. Also, control over the Mississippi River has highly important because many supplies could be carried over the river very quickly. As a result, the Confederacy was split because of the Union victory. If the Confederates had won this battle then it would have shown that they were able to prevail even when they were in times of desperation. Britain and other European countries would have declared them independent with a major victory. It also would have meant that thirty thousand men would have still fought in the war, giving them a slight advantage. It would have given them a reason to push for a peace treaty because they were creating their ethos for why they should break away. The Civil War would probably have taken longer to end.
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