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Branches of Government- Executive Branch

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Maria Guerrero

on 11 September 2014

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Transcript of Branches of Government- Executive Branch

Branches of Government
Introduction: U.S Government
The President & Vice President
Executive Office Of President & Cabinet
How Does Our Government Work?
Duties:
Commander In Chief of Armed Forces
Execution and Enforcement of Laws
Power to Veto Laws
Conducts Diplomacy Among Nations
Unlimited Power to Extend Pardons for Federal Crimes
Also directs National Defense, Policy, and performs ceremonial duties
U.S Constitution
Article II
The Constitution sets up three branches of government: the Judicial, Legislative, and Executive Branches. The delegates of the Constitutional Convention feared tyranny or dictatorship, so they also set up a system of checks and balances that these three branches had to follow.
Article II of the Constitution explains the duties of the Executive Branch which is made up of the President's office.
of Article II states the role and rights of the President.

"The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his Office during the Term of four Years, and, together with the Vice-President chosen for the same Term."
Section 1:
Section 2:
of Article II states three different clauses about the powers of the President

" The President of the United States is the commander-in-chief of the military. This clause also creates a Cabinet of senior executive officers who assist the President in his duties."
Section 3:
of Article II states the responsibilities of the President

" The President has to give Congress information occasionally through a State of the Union address."

Section 4:
of Article II states the process of impeachment for the President, Vice President, or Cabinet Secretaries /Judges
Checks And Balances
Every branch is restrained by the other two in some way. Each branch is able to check the other in any case of disagreement.
Executive
Judicial
Executive Branch has the
power to appoint Justices in
the Judicial Branch

Executive
Legislative
Executive Branch has the
power to veto bills
Legislative
Judicial

Legislative Branch approves
justices in the Judicial Branch

Legislative
Executive
Legislative Branch has
impeachment power. Also can
override veto with 2/3 vote.
Judicial
Legislative
Judicial
Executive
Judicial Branch can declare
presidential acts unconstitutional
Judicial Branch has the power to
declare laws unconstitutional.

Requirements:

Over 35 years old
Must have lived in the U.S for 14 years or more
Natural born citizen

The Vice President serves as the President of the U.S Senate and is there to take over the presidency in case of the President's death, resignation, or impeachment. The VP also is responsible to casting the tie breaking vote in Senate floor.
VP: Joe Biden
Role In The Government:
Created in 1939, the main goal of the Executive Office of the President is to communicate the President's message to the people and to act as a guide for the President. The President's office helps him govern and people such as the Press Secretary provides briefings for the media on the President's agenda.
The Cabinet: 15 Departments
Serve as advisors on any subject that relates to the duties of each members respective office
Departments carry out policies relating to their office
Independent Agencies provide special services and help execute policies
All Cabinet Members appointed by President and approved by Senate (51 + votes)
Maria Guerrero
Full transcript