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Transcript of Romanticism
The main difference between the two eras was their appreciation of nature
romantics were more in awe of nature while naturalists had a deeper appreciation
Transcendentalists were more tree huggers than romantics
Another big difference is that naturalists rejected god because it was after the war.
the war caused people to loose faith because of all the death and destruction.
The Way Out of Romanticism
Man vs. Nature
See things how they really are
Rejected ideas from The Enlightenment
Imagination and emotion were more important than reason and rational thought
People were in awe of nature
Interested in the Medieval past, the supernatural, the mystical, the Gothic, and the exotic
They used mythical and religious symbolism
Influential writers and literary pieces
Quote from Edgar Allan Poe
"I became insane, with long intervals of horrible sanity." -Edgar Allan Poe
"For true poetry, complete poetry, consists in the harmony of contraries. Hence, it is time to say aloud--and it is here above all that exceptions prove the rule--that everything that exists in nature exists in art."
Romantics believed everything was beautiful and God was present everywhere.
They thought nature had the power to inspire and connect people.
They frequently explored emotions and human involvement in society rather than society as a whole
Dark Romanticism is a literary movement that existed between 1840 to 1860.
It is characterized by death, evil, supernatural elements, human nature, and sins.
Dark Romantic authors such as Edgar Allen Poe, Nathaniel Hawthorne, and Herman Melville were very anti-religious as well as anti-transcendentalism.
"The death of a beautiful woman, is unquestionably the most poetic topic in the world."- Edgar Allan Poe
Had a darker mind set
Found beauty in something that most people would not see as beautiful
Fascinated by death
Horror authors were first coming to popularity
Acted against the Age of Enlightenment
Persuasion- Jane Austen
Frankenstein- Mary Shelley
Caleb Williams- William Godwin
Jane Eyre- Charlotte Bronte
Prometheus Unbound- John Keats
Goldilocks and the Three Bears- Leigh Hunt
Moby Dick- Herman Melville
The Scarlet Letter- Nathaniel Hawthorne
The Last of the Mohicans- James Fenimore Cooper
Uncle Tom’s Cabin- Harriet Beecher Stowe
Didn't write about things as dark
Were fasinated by nature and found light in all things
Found light and beauty in all things
Fascinated by nature
Concerned with the individual
An individuals imagination and emotion
Scenes of poverty were rarely depicted in the literature and art
Some of the most typical settings were:
the common man as a hero
nature as refuge
Romanticism and Naturalism
Used formal language
Nature as a refuge
Found light and beauty in everything
Emotion and imagination over instinct and luck
Believed in God
Originated in England, but was greatly influenced by the French Revolution
Shifted from impersonal poetry to subjective poetry
Idealized natural life and the common man