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Transcript of Cell City
Images from Shutterstock.com Nucleus as a city hall The nucleus is a membrane structure. It controls the transfer and replication of gereditary molecules(DNA and RNA). The nucleus contains various types of proteins or are undirectly involved in regulating the process. Mitochondria as a Dam It is constituted outer membrane, inner membrane, cristae, intermembrane space, cytoplasmic matrix. It is cellular respiration(It is a chemical process of releasing energy stored in glucose.Mitochondria are also involved in other cell processes such as cell division and growth, as well as cell death. cytoplasm It consists of all of the contents outside of the nucleus and enclosed within the cell membrane of a cell. This includes the cytosol and in euckaryotic cells, organelles such as mitochondria and ribosomes.
The cytoplasm is clear in color and has a gel-like appearance. It helps to move materials around the cell and also dissolves cellular waste.
In the broadest sense, chromosomes function is to control all the activities of a living cell.Chromosomes contain correct sequences of DNA and proteins. Proteins make up one of the most important components of the human body, they are responsible for building muscles and tissues, growth and repair, as well as the synthesis of the thousands of enzymes like DNA replication enzymes, produced by the body.
Chromosome functions include holding genes, the units of heredity. Golgi Chroloplasts
as a solar energy plants carry out the processing of proteins generated in endoplasmic reticulum.
One of the tasks of Golgi apparatus is carrying out the breakdown of proteins and formation of small, active fragments and the glycosylation and phosphorylation processes, nucleotide sugars Ribosome It forms specific proteins, which in turn are essential for carrying out the cell's activities.Usually, the proteins synthesized by the free ribosomes are utilized in the cytoplasm itself, while the protein molecules produced by the bound ribosomes are transported outside the cell. lysosome The thylakoids are made up of photo systems, chlorophyll and accessory pigments which absorb light resulting in electron transfer to form complex co factors like NADP (Nicotine Amide Dinucleotide Phosphate) and ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate) which are energy providing molecules. Endoplasmic Reticulum There are two regions of the ER.One region is called rough ER because it has attached to the cytoplasmic side of the membrane. The other region is called smooth ER because it lacks attached ribosomes. The proteins and membranes made by the rough ER move into the smooth ER to be transferred to other locations. There are two regions of the ER.One region is called rough ER because it has attached to the cytoplasmic side of the membrane. The other region is called smooth ER because it lacks attached ribosomes. The proteins and membranes made by the rough ER move into the smooth ER to be transferred to other locations.