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5 Major World Religions

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Emily Chester

on 21 October 2013

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Transcript of 5 Major World Religions

5 Major World Religions
Judaism
The largest religion in the world.

Christianity
Buddhism
Important Holidays/Dates
Jewish New Year
Days of Awe
Hannukah
Passover
Purim
Important Holidays/Dates
Buddhist New Year
VisaKah Puja
Magha Puja Day
Pavarana Day
Islam
Important Holidays/Days
Easter Sunday
Christmas
Good Friday
Palm Sunday

Important Holidays/Dates
Muharram
Prophet Muhammond's Birthday
The Celebration concluding Ramadan

Hinduism
Based on the life and teachings of Jesus, the Son of God.

Symbols of Christianity
Cross
Fish
Trinity (Triquetra)
Religion
A religion is an organized system of beliefs and practices, often centered on one or more gods.

2 Types:
Monotheistic- one god
Polytheistic- many gods

7th Grade
-SS7G12 The student will analyze the diverse cultures of the people who live in Southern and Eastern Asia.
b. Compare and contrast the prominent religions in Southern and Eastern Asia:
Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam,
Shintoism and the philosophy of Confucianism. (Only religions in BOLD)

- SS7G8 The student will describe the diverse cultures of the people who live in Southwest Asia (Middle East).
c. Compare and contrast the prominent religions in Southwest Asia (Middle East):
Judaism, Islam, and Christianity.

Religion
A religion is an organized system of beliefs and practices, often centered on one or more gods.

2 Types:
Monotheistic- one god
Polytheistic- many gods

The major religion of India and Nepal.
Hindus believe that a supreme being called Brahman is the soul of the universe.

The same presence, they believe, can be found within each person.
Important Holidays/Dates
•Holi - festival of colors and spring (February-March)
•Mahashivaratri (Shiva Ratri) - night sacred to Shiva (February-March)
•Rama Navami - birthday of Lord Rama (April)
•Krishna Jayanti - birthday of Lord Krishna (July-August)
•Raksābandhana - renewing bonds between brothers and sisters (July-August)
•Kumbh Mela - pilgrimage every 12 years to four cities in India (July-August; last one 2003)
•Ganesha-Chaturthi (Ganesha Utsava) - festival of Ganesh (August-September)
•Dassera - victory of Rama over demon king Ravana (September-October)
•Navaratri - festival of Shakti (in Bengal) or Rama's victory over Ravana (South India) (September-October)
•Diwali - festival of lights and Laksmi (September-October)

Symbols of Hinduism
Lotus
Swastika
Bindi
Most Buddhist live in Sri Lanka, East Asia, Southeast Asia, and Japan.
Founded by Siddhartha Guatama, who became known as the Buddha
Symbols of Buddhism
Dharmachakra
Buddhapada
Om Mani Padme Hum
First major monotheistic religion
Judaism teaches that a person serves God by studying the Torah and living by its teachings.
Many Jews live in Isreal, but the religion can be found all over the world
Symbols of Judaism
Star of David
Menorah
Hamesh Hand
Followers of Islam are known as Muslims
Islam believes that there is only one God, the same God in Christian and Jewish traditions. He is called Allah.
They show devotion through the Five Pillars of Islam: Faith, prayer, charity, fasting, and pilgrimage to Mecca
Symbols of Islam
Star and Crescent
Colors: Black, White, Red, Greenish-Black
Activity
Create an invitation to one of the many holidays that one of the five religions may celebrate. The invitation should include the following information: name of holiday, reason for celebration, date and place of celebration, and proper attire. (Make up your own rules for your celebration. IT'S YOUR PARTY, YOU CAN CRY IF YOU WANT TO! Just use the correct celebration of the religion and explain why it is celebrated). Invitation should contain 2-3 icons or symbols relative to your selected religion.
EQs:
How are major religions alike and different?
Why do religions exist?
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