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Stages of Learning

OCR AS PE - Cognitive, Associative, Autonomous

Rachel Craggs

on 17 September 2011

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Transcript of Stages of Learning

Stages of Learning There are three stages of learning that a person progresses through when they are learning a new skill.
Each stage has different characteristics in terms of feedback required, demonstration and practice. Cognitive Associative The autonomous stage of skill acquisition revolves around executing a skill automatically without having to stop and think about what to do next or how to do it. It is an advanced level of performance where the individual can perform the skill fluently and instinctively and where outside influences do not affect the outcome. It may take individuals a long time to achieve this stage with many never reaching it. This may be due to the training demands, the complexity of the task or a lack of motivation. Autonomous From the following clips can you identify the three stages of learning? Considerations
for the teacher: A clear demonstration should be given.
This leads to a mental picture (being formed) and an understanding what needs to be done e.g. .........
The learner has a limited attention capacity.
Short and concise instructions to prevent confusion.
External feedback should be reinforcement of their correct responses to shape behaviour. What does a performer in the cognitive stage of learning look like? Lots of mistakes e.g. .........
Movement (often) lacks fluency or rhythm / movement jerky e.g. .........
Needs conscious thought on technique e.g. .........
Unable to use intrinsic feedback / only extrinsic feedback effective e.g. ......... The practice and rehearsal stage. e.g......
Matching or associating mental model with actual performance. e.g. .........
Motor programmes begin to be formed e.g. .........
kinaesthesis or kinaesthetic or intrinsic feedback can be used e.g. .........
Some never leave this stage e.g. ......... What does somebody look like in this phase? learning from mistakes or fewer mistakes (performance is more consistent) e.g. .........
Increased fluency or rhythm / movement less jerky e.g........ Accurate/well grooved/consistent/habitual e.g. .......
Fluent or rhythmic e.g. .......
Little conscious control needed (can focus on tactics or strategy) e.g........
Able to use intrinsic or kinaesthetic feedback effectively e.g........
May return to associative phase / need to keep practising (to stay in this phase) e.g........
There are 3 Cognitive Associative Autonomous
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