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B11, unit 7
Transcript of B11, unit 7
Festivals and holidays.
Inviting someone to do something.
Do you want
Would you like
How'd you like
to go with me?
Accepting or refusing an invitation
Sure, I'd love to.
That sound great.
I'm sorry, but I can't. I have plans
Unfortunately, I can't. I have to work.
I'd love to, but I'm busy.
Do you have festivals that take
place in just one town?
What happens at the festival?
Do tourist go or just locals?
We use these words (before, after, while and when) to introduce time clauses to tell when something happens.
Rudy washed the floor before he watched the soccer match.
Rudy washed the floor after the soccer match.
Rudy washed the floor when the soccer match ended.
The phone rang after we ate dinner.
(First we ate our meal, then the phone rang.)
The phone rang before we ate dinner.
(First the phone rang, then we ate.)
The phone rang when we ate dinner.
Also: The phone rang as we ate dinner.
(We ate and the phone rang at the same time.)
The phone rang while we were eating dinner.
Also: The phone rang as we were eating dinner.
(This is the same as above, but with the progressive tense [-ing]).
The phone rang
is an independent clause. It can stand alone.
before we ate dinner
is a dependent clause. It needs an independent clause to be a complete sentence. It is a sentence fragment when it is used alone.
is used to show agreement with positive statement
SO + Auxiliary + Subject (pronoun)
Person A Person B
I am happy. So am I. = I am happy too.
I'm going to Brazil in the summer. So am I. = I am going to Brazil too.
You look nice today. So do you. = you look nice too.
Stephanie has a new boyfriend. So does Mary. = Mary has a new one too.
We went to the concert last night. So did I. = I went to the concert too.
I would love a coffee right now. So would I. = I would love a coffee too.
He will win a prize. So will I. = I will win one too.
They have finished their homework. So have I. = I have finished too.
I can speak two languages. So can I. = I can speak two too.
He should study more. So should I. = I should study more too.
We could see the mountains. So could we. = We could see them too.
My brother had eaten too much. So had I. = I had eaten too much too.
Neither is used to show agreement with negative statements.
Neither + Auxiliary + Subject (pronoun)
Person A Person B
I am not hungry. Neither am I. = I'm not hungry either
I'm not going to quit. Neither am I. = I'm not going to quit either
They don't speak French. Neither do I. = I don't speak French either.
Stephanie doesn't eat meat. Neither does Mary. = Mary doesn't eat meat either.
Mary didn't go to the party. Neither did I. = I didn't go either.
I wouldn't like to do his job. Neither would I. = I wouldn't like to do it either.
He won't stop talking. Neither will you. = You won't stop either.
You haven't finished your meal. Neither have you. = You haven't finished either.
Mike can't reach the top shelf. Neither can I. = I can't reach it either.
You shouldn't talk in the movie. Neither should you. = You shouldn't talk either.
We couldn't hear him. Neither could we. = We couldn't hear him either.
I hadn't seen her before. Neither had I. = I hadn't seen her before either.
Introducing the story
It's (a story) abut...
The story begins/ starts in
Continuing the story
It turns out that...
Ending the story.
In the end,....
Past Continuous and Past Simple
1. The most common use of the past continuous tense is to talk about something that was happening around a particular time in the past.
What were you doing at 8 o’clock last night? I was watching television.
I started watching television before 8 o’clock and I continued watching it after 8 o’clock.
In 1994 he was working in a small town in Poland.
At 6 o’clock on Saturday morning we were traveling to the airport.
2. We often use the past continuous and the past simple tense together. When this happens, the past continuous describes a longer, ‘background’ action or situation and the past simple describes the action or events.
When I woke up this morning it was raining and my father was singing in the kitchen.
I was walking home, whistling happily, when I saw two masked men run out of the bank.
USE 1 Interrupted Action in the Past