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Brie's Russian Revolution

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brie mckinney

on 11 February 2013

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Transcript of Brie's Russian Revolution

Budapest San
Francisco Russian Revolution Overview In 1917 Russia went through two revolutions: February 24 - 29 and October 24 - 25. The first revolution overthrew the tsarist government and replaced it with a Provisional Government of Duma members. Protests and strikes against the new government quickly grew as Russia's involvement in World War I lingered on, and the Provisional Government responded by establishing a Coalition Government with the Executive Committee. This Dual Power however, created a confused bureaucratic dilemma, leading the government to urgent issues such as the widespread famine and slaughter on the front. Causes of the revolution The entry of Russia into World War I brought all the class tensions of Russian society to a boiling point, especially when Russia's badly equipped and led army suffered a series of disastrous defeats. Food riots broke out in Russia's major cities and the countryside. The army and navy began to mutiny against a government they had no desire to fight and die for. The desperate poverty and gross inequality that marked Russian society created a deep well of discontent. The czar and the aristocracy, as well as Russia's capitalist class, lived in opulent luxury in palaces while most Russians lived in medieval conditions. Hundreds of thousands died from epidemics on a regular basis. The czar of Russia, Nicholas II, was a weak and indecisive leader. He went back and forth between making concessions to his people and then opting for repressive measures Romanov, "Nicholas the Bloody", last emperor of Russia from 1894 - 1917. Nicknamed Nicholas the Bloody, after ordering the Bloody Sunday massacre in 1905. Tsar Nicholas II February Revolution The February Revolution of 1917 was the first of two revolutions in Russia in 1917. The revolution, confined to the capital, lasting less than a week, involved mass demonstrations and armed clashes with police and the last loyal forces of the Russian monarchy. The immediate result of the revolution was the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II, the end of the Romanov dynasty, and the end of the Russian Empire. The Tsar was replaced by a Russian Provisional Government which was an alliance between liberals and socialists who wanted political reform. Bloody Sunday 1905 in St. Petersburg, Russia, where unarmed, peaceful demonstrators marching to present a petition to the Tsar Nicholas II were gunned down by the Imperial Guard while approaching the city center and the Winter Palace. October Revolution The October Revolution in Petrograd overthrew the Russian Provisional Government and gave the power to the local soviets dominated by Bolsheviks. The revolutionaries led by Bolshevik Party leader Vladimir Lenin launched a nearly bloodless coup against the provisional government. The Bolsheviks and their allies occupied government buildings and other strategic locations in Petrograd, and soon formed a new government with Lenin as its head Vladimir Lenin One of the leaders of the Bolshevik party since its formation in 1903. Led the Soviets to power in October, 1917. Elected to the head of the Soviet government until 1922 Prime Minister of the Provisional Government. Alexander Kerensky Josef Stalin Stalin was a Bolshevik leader, among the Bolshevik revolutionaries who brought about the Russian Revolution Nicholas II's abdication Tsar Nicholas II stepped down from power on March 15, 1917. During his ruling, Russia went from one of the most feared powers to a total military and economic collapse. By: Brie McKinney
and Emily Peter
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