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History of curriculum development of the Philippines
Transcript of History of curriculum development of the Philippines
in the Philippines
Education in the Philippines
Education in its general sense is a form of learning in which the knowledge, skills, and habits of a group of people are transferred from one generation to the next through teaching, training, or research.
Education is commonly divided into stages such as preschool, primary school, secondary school and then college, university or apprenticeship.
Education was still decentralized. Children were provided with more vocational training with fewer academics. Philippine schools were headed by parents or by their tribal tutors. They employed a unique writing system known as
During pre-spanish, most education was conducted by religious orders.
Church and schools work together
, took the task of teaching improving literacy, aside from the teaching of new industrial and agricultural technology.
educational decree of
"free public education system in the Philippines"
, run by the government.
(primary education was free and available to every Filipino)
. The decree mandated the school establishments of at least one primary school for boys and one for girls in each town under the responsibility of municipal government.
The defeat of Spain following the Spanish-American War let to the short-lived independence and establishment of the First Philippine Republic. The schools maintained by Spain for more than three centuries were closed for a short period but were reopened on August 29, 1898 by the Secretary of Interior. The Burgos Institute (the country's first law school), the Academia Militar (the country's first military academy), and the Literary University of the Philippines were established.
Article 23 of the Malolos Constitution mandated that public education would be free and obligatory in all schools of the nation under the First Philippine Republic
. However, the Philippine–American War hindered its progress.