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TERRORISM!

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by

Chelsea DeMartino

on 8 May 2014

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Transcript of TERRORISM!

TERRORISM !!
By: Katie Godfrey
Chelsea DeMartino
Lauren McNellis
Austin Boyd
Dan Hartman
What is terrorism?
Beginning and since then
http://www.timelineofterrorism.com

The actual act of terrorism can be traced centuries back.
The modern era Terrorism began during the French Revolution, at that point it was meant to consolidate power and impose order.
Terrorism is intended to be a matter of perception. That perception is fear. The terrorist must instill fear, through fear they gain a stronger political system.



Types of Terrorism
Types of Terrorism
Eco-Terrorism
People sabotage property to inflict economic loss on industries or actors they see harming the environment.
Non-State Terrorism
Groups not affiliated with a nation or state.
Al-Qaeda
Klu Klux Klan
Narco-Terrorism
the attempts of narcotics traffickers to influence the policies of a government or a society through violence and intimidation.
Statist
Saudi Arabia :
A majority of the time if not all the time the terrorist actions are brought on by extremist Islamic fighters.
Their targets include foreign civilians mainly from western countries affiliated with its oil based economy, as well as Saudi civilians and security forces .
In the aftermath of a long string of deadly terrorist attacks that started in 2003, the kingdom of Saudi Arabia launched a wide ranging counter terrorism campaign.
PRAC


Globalist
Globalists as a whole believe that Non-state actors are important players and must be considered along with State actors.
Others such as Multi-National Corporations, terrorist groups, and Non-Government Organizations also play an important role and are relevant.
Current image of terrorism
Most of us commonly associate terrorism and the term terrorist with the Middle-East. What comes to mind when you hear the name Osama Bin Laden?
- Islamic extremist
- Found and led the infamous terrorist organization Al-Qaeda
- September 11, 2001
- image of terrorism for an entire generation.
State Terrorism
States can use force or the threat of force to achieve a political goal.
Bio-terrorism
Anthrax
Botulsim
Smallpox
Cyber-Terrorism
The use of technology to perform an act of terror.
Globalist View
Overall, the International community finds terrorism as a whole mostly to be
intolerable
.
Tend to see terrorism as
one of the many threats
along side issues such as; Nuclear weapons, Cyber protection, Economic Growth, Severe Climate Change, and Disease.
They also believe that the best way to fight against terrorists would be by using a
Multilateral approach
with the help of International Institutions
Also recognize other resources (Law Enforcement) as equally necessary
Globalist View
Terrorists would be
criminals committing criminal acts
, not central actors in the arena of IR.
Most likely would promote the idea that terrorists should be dealt with in a
judicial way
by an international institution
Disregard the fact that
states support/sponsor terrorist activity
for achieving political objectives.
Spain
Spain is one of the few European countries where there has been a real terrorist threat for more than 30 years.
The main problem for the spanish authorities arises from the activities of the Ethno-nationalistic group ETA
During the 90s Spain suffered from "Urban Terrorism"
The National Center for Anti-Terrorist Coordination
Israel
In 1948 Israel created the Prevention of Terrorism Ordinance (PTO)
The PTO outlined actions that the government could take against a terrorist organization and its supporters.
The second half addressed judicial proceedings and punishment of those accused of terrorism.
Australia
Before the 1960s there had not been any law or act in Australia that could actively be deemed "terrorism" in the modern political and strategic sense of the word
In 1977 Justice Robert Hope delivered his Royal Commission on Intelligence and Security
The RCIS recommended amongst other things that the Australian security intelligence organizations action areas of investigation be widened to include terrorism
Globalist View
Example-
War on Terror
After the 2001 Terrorist Attacks on the United States, the US originally Military wanted to win the Wars in Iraq and Afghanistan using overwhelming physical military force.
Then after fighting for several years the United States Military later decided to shift strategy. Additional Military forces, including changes in the tactics, scope and strategy of war, were used to ensure more security.
Anti-Terrorism Legislation
Since 1963, the international community has elaborated 14 universal legal instruments and four amendments to prevent terrorist acts in the future.
These acts include Amendments protecting Aircraft/Nuclear Material and the "Global-Counter Terrorism Strategy"
Rethink The Meaning
Terrorism: the use of violence and threats to intimidate or coerce somebody or something, usually for political reasons
Terrorism contains 3 important elements.
1. The creation of fear.
2. The seemingly random use of violence.
3. Attacks on the innocent.
It was intended to be a matter of perception
Terrorism has become just as much psychological as physical
The more damage done (physically and mentally) the more the terrorist believes they have gained power.
"The indiscriminate use or threat of violence to advance social, political, economic, or religious objectives by creating a climate of fear."
The use of terrorism is an attempt to de-legitimise sovereignty.
Full transcript