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DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH

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ESTEFANIA CHAPARRO

on 26 November 2013

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Transcript of DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH

DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH
DIRECT SPEECH
DIRECT SPEECH
Direct Speech
is a report of the exact words used by the speaker.

Quotation marks ("...") are a sign that the words are the same words that the person used.
Example
Direct speech:

Maria said, "I'm going to school"
INDIRECT SPEECH or REPORTED SPEECH
Maria: I'm going to school
When the speaker's words are reported by another person and the exact words are not quoted, it is called
INDIRECT SPEECH or REPORTED SPEECH.
Example
Direct speech

"I speak English"
Indirect Speech

He says that he speaks English.
or
He said that he spoke English.
While converting direct speech into indirect speech, the tense of the verb must change:
BACK SHIFT OF TENSES
BE CAREFUL!
Change time and place words!
Direct Speech
Indirect Speech
QUESTIONS
in
Reported Speech
MODALS
YES/NO QUESTIONS
To change a yes/no question to a noun clause in reported speech, introduce the noun clause with
if or whether
INFORMATION QUESTIONS
To change an information question in reported speech, transform the question into an indirect question. Remember to use sentence word order.
Direct Speech
Reported Speech
John said, "Can you type?"
John asked if I could type
She asked, "Will you be at the party?"
She asked whether or not I would be at the party.
Direct Speech
Reported Speech
"Where do you live?"
She wanted to know where I lived
Paul asked, "Why did Mary said that?"
Paul asked why Mary had said that.
EXAMPLE
The interviewer said to the young man, "We will let
you
know
our
decision by
tomorrow.
"
The interviewer said to the young man that they would let
him
know
their
decision by
next day.
Direct Speech
Indirect Speech
Full transcript