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DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH
Transcript of DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH
is a report of the exact words used by the speaker.
Quotation marks ("...") are a sign that the words are the same words that the person used.
Maria said, "I'm going to school"
INDIRECT SPEECH or REPORTED SPEECH
Maria: I'm going to school
When the speaker's words are reported by another person and the exact words are not quoted, it is called
INDIRECT SPEECH or REPORTED SPEECH.
"I speak English"
He says that he speaks English.
He said that he spoke English.
While converting direct speech into indirect speech, the tense of the verb must change:
BACK SHIFT OF TENSES
Change time and place words!
To change a yes/no question to a noun clause in reported speech, introduce the noun clause with
if or whether
To change an information question in reported speech, transform the question into an indirect question. Remember to use sentence word order.
John said, "Can you type?"
John asked if I could type
She asked, "Will you be at the party?"
She asked whether or not I would be at the party.
"Where do you live?"
She wanted to know where I lived
Paul asked, "Why did Mary said that?"
Paul asked why Mary had said that.
The interviewer said to the young man, "We will let
The interviewer said to the young man that they would let