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Slave control and slave resistance
Transcript of Slave control and slave resistance
Masters and Their Slaves Masters and their slaves did not necessarily hate each other. They lived and worked together and bonded. Some masters and their slaves genuinely cared for each other, but they never forgot that they were "not equal." (PBS) Who owned slaves? Surprisingly enough, ¾ of southern whites did not own slaves and most of those who did own slaves owned less than twenty. Most of the people who did not own slaves were less wealthy farmers. Even those who did not own slaves still supported slavery because they aspired to own slaves. They wanted slaves because it gave them people to be superior to and a sense of power because they were white. In the lower south, most slaves lived and worked on cotton plantations-most plantations had less than 50 slaves while larger plantations had a few hundred. (PBS) Types of slaves There were slaves that did manual labor, along with "domestic" slaves, who did work for their masters and their masters’ families. (PBS) Discipline Drivers, overseers, and masters were responsible for disciplining the slaves. Slaves were punished for many reasons including, being late to work, running away, not listening to authority, not working fast enough, etc... Punishments included whipping, torture, going to jail, being sold, and sometimes murder. Some masters' punishments were more or less harsh than others. (PBS) Slave Codes "Slaves throughout the South had to live under a set of laws called the Slave Codes. The codes varied slightly from state to state, but the basic idea was the same: the slaves were considered property, not people, and were treated as such. Slaves could not testify in court against a white, make contracts, leave the plantation without permission, strike a white (even in self-defense), buy and sell goods, own firearms, gather without a white present, possess any anti-slavery literature, or visit the homes of whites or free blacks. The killing of a slave was almost never regarded as murder, and the rape of slave women was treated as a form of trespassing." (PBS) Resistance There were many ways that slaves resisted their masters. They would work slower, break or disable machinery, fake being sick, destroy crops, argued with their masters and/or overseers. Many slaves stole things like livestock, food, and other valuables, while others learned to read and write, which was forbidden by law. Slaves burned forests and buildings. Others killed their masters. Some committed suicide or injured themselves to ruin their property value. Many slaves ran away and escaped to the north, where they could possibly become free. Running away was also a way that slaves protested slavery. (Encyclopedia of American History, Facts on File) They would also form community within in the plantation: have children, take care of their family, read, write, gather to tell stories, and other things to go against the rules and laws. (PBS) (Boston, 1) Works Cited "Conditions of Antebellum Slavery." PBS.org. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4p2956.html>.
Boston, Nicholas. "Responses to Enslavement." PBS.org. Thirteen/WNET New York, 2004. Web. <http://www.pbs.org/wnet/slavery/experience/responses/history.html>.
Encyclopedia of American History: Revolution and New Nation, 1761 to 1812, Revised Edition (Volume III). New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2010.
"Slavery on the Plantation." Guyana.org. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://www.guyana.org/features/guyanastory/chapter26.html>.
Rebellion and Revolt Slave revolt was extremely risky, because if it failed it usually guaranteed death for the slaves involved; however it was worth it because if it was successful they could become free. (PBS) Control of Slaves on Plantations Whipping was the most common form of punishment for slaves on a plantation; however depending on what the slave did, the punishment could be much more severe. Some plantations separated members of the same tribe so that they could not communicate (different tribes spoke different languages) which would reduce the possibility of revolt and uprising. Some plantations also prevented their slaves from practicing their religion. (Guyana) Domestic Slaves Domestic slaves were sometimes treated better than slaves that worked in the fields and sometimes betrayed their own kind by reporting plots for rebellion to their masters. (Guyana) House servants, could be called on by their master at any time, and they were constantly under the watch of their master, giving them much less privacy and/or opportunity to do things their masters would not approve of. Domestic slaves formed more complex relationships with their owners because they worked so closely- black and white children formed bonds, young children of both races played together on farms and plantations. (PBS) http://images.fineartamerica.com/images-medium-large/slavery-abolition-1835-granger.jpg http://t2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcShkSA_gghLkanbTfIj2BXYT3BRlWarYwaTlKHZ7Da-_pUhCVvh http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-SFO2C_4pFN0/UFpc5YaEIEI/AAAAAAAAAEc/LY19C2zfNns/s1600/slaves-picking-cotton-on-a-plantation1.jpg http://www.history.org/Almanack/images/cartersgroveslaves.jpg http://mclaughlinquinn.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2009/08/unequal-shares.gif http://t2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTLosxZVB71mw9Gs59ppyeeM7gMxO0hnuRIgJAm8a9TFspUszKi http://www.caribbeancollectibles.org/siteimages/slavery%20codes%20frame%201.jpg http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-I6sEXJVxRfs/TcdLSy--toI/AAAAAAAAAAg/6UiyJQoJLBo/s1600/slavere.jpg FREEDOM FREEDOM FREEDOM FREEDOM http://www.gwu.edu/~folklife/bighouse/images/xxii1.jpg http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/abolition/images/the_abolitionists_gallery_04.jpg http://my.ilstu.edu/~keciani/images/DomesticSlavewithPlanterFamily330.jpg