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Copy of Civil Engineering 61
Transcript of Copy of Civil Engineering 61
(Estimated cost - $300.00 TT) A code book was developed with phrases or ideas as the unit of coding representing the precise definitions of the elements regarding leadership, change and synthesis, as seen by the various civil engineers. Data Penerimaan Mahasiswa Baru Data Penerimaan Mahasiswa Baru Teknik Sipil UI 2013 Civil Engineering is considered to be the original engineering field. Civil engineers use their analytical abilities and knowledge of the physical world to design and build structures that we deem invaluable today. Without proper civil engineering, we would not have many of the amenities that make civilization possible. But is the civil engineering program offered at the University of the West Indies (UWI) sufficient enough to produce quality civil engineers? Presentation Outline Introduction
Data Analysis and Discussion
Conclusion and Recommendations Introduction Background The attributes undergraduate civil engineering students possess in order to be successful workers in the industry upon graduating are amongst many features deemed attractive by civil engineering professionals
But while technical competence is of upmost importance, the social and economic understanding is beginning to be of increasing importance in modern day projects Civil Engineering professionals raise concern about the quality of graduate engineers upon completion of their degree at the University of the West Indies (UWI)
Similarly, upon completion of their undergraduate degree, civil engineering students find it difficult to adjust to the working environment since no training was given in order to prepare them for the task ahead Aim To determine the expectations of undergraduate civil engineering students from the perspectives of civil engineers. Purpose To determine the expectations of undergraduate civil engineering students from the perspectives of civil engineers.To identify the desirable characteristics of undergraduate civil engineering students that have been frequently deficient in students shifting to the industry so that adjustments could be made to the undergraduate to program to produce more competent engineers. Objectives Qualitative data collection via semi-structured interviews with civil engineering professionals. The data obtained via the interviews will be analyzed to determine the elements considered desirable by the professionals in relation to leadership, change and synthesis. Scope To identify the attributes that civil engineering professionals consider desirable in undergraduate civil engineering students; specifically targeting the elements of leadership, change and synthesis.
To propose ways by which undergraduate students can develop skills to lead, manage change, and synthesize. Literature Review Past Research Includes:
Engineering Professionals' Expectations of Undergraduate Engineering Students (Cox et al. 2012, 60-70).
Civil Engineering in Trinidad and Tobago (Shrivastava 2004, 11).
APETT failure in providing insight to changes that can be made within the civil engineering system in the university.
Absence of structured training and mentorship programs offered to graduate engineers.
Bridging the Gap: Improving the Professional Development of Post Graduate Engineers Through the Educational System (Ellis et al. 2011, 415-420).
Reconstructed program at a post-graduate level based on perceived failure by APETT
Targeted leadership element alone. The study done by Cox et al. 2012 (60-70) predominantly targeted the elements of leadership, recognizing and managing change, and synthesizing engineering, business and social perspectives as the attributes that engineers, both in the industry and in academia, consider important for undergraduate students to possess. This study was done by adopting the methodology of Cox et al. 2012 (60-70) with its focus on civil engineers registered under APETT (as well as those eligible to be members).
However, adaptations were made to the method to correlate with the studies compiled by Shrivastava 2004 (11-13) and Ellis et al. 2011 (415-420) to target undergraduate students, highlighting the elements of leadership, change and synthesis. Definition of Key Terms In our context we are going to define leadership, change, synthesis. Data Analysis and Discussion Atlas.ti: The qualitative data analysis and research software
The interview transcripts were added as primary documents into the program
The data was sorted through manually, highlighting the common terms or definitions between the different transcripts; forming ‘codes’.
These codes allowed for quantitative measure of frequent terms and level of importance.
Networks were then created between the transcripts.
How the Data was Analyzed The entry-level engineer: Problems in transition from student to professional (Katz 1993, 171-174)
They too share the belief that today’s students are insufficiently ready for his/her first job.
“The person coming out of school – unless he’s had either a co-op program or fairly extensive internships in the summer – doesn’t know what the industry is about.”
“The undergraduates are not well prepared for a job market…they may understand some of the general principles in engineering, but they have difficulty in applying them from a practical standpoint.” Conclusion and Recommendations Conclusions The attributes deemed desirable with regards to leadership, change, and synthesis were determined.
A ‘Codebook’ containing the common terms used in the various transcripts was created. Recommendations An assessment of the undergraduate program conducted at UWI should be done making alterations so as to incorporate the inheritance of the attributes focused on in this research.
Conducting more than 30 interviews.
Conducting interviews from companies on different island that employ UWI civil engineering graduate students. Quantitative analysis of the desired attributes on a normalized scale as to assist in the analysis of the expectations.
Annual assessment of newly employed graduate students using the quantitative method as to compare ratings on a yearly basis. Cox, Monica F., Osman Cekic, Benjamin Ahn, and Jiabin Zhu. 2012. "Engineering
Professionals' Expectations of Undergraduate Engineering Students." Leadership and Management in Engineering 12(2): 60-70.
Dugan, J. P., & Komives, S. R. 2007. Developing leadership capacity in college
students: Findings from a national study. A Report from the Multi-Institutional Study of Leadership. College Park, MD: National Clearinghouse for Leadership Programs.
Ellis, Leighton. A., Petersen, Andrew .K. and Nicholls Shur-wayne. (2011). “Bridging
the Gap: Improving the Professional Development of Post Graduate Engineers Through the Educational System.” Modern Methods and Advances in Structural Engineering and Construction Cheung, S. O., Yazdani, S., Ghafoori, N., and Singh, A. (eds.) ISEC-6, Research Publishing, .Zürich, Switzerland. References Graham, Ruth, Edward Crawley, Bruce R Mendelsohn. 2009. “Engineering leadership
education: A snapshot review of international good practice.” Bernard M. Gordon-MIT Engineering Leadership Program, Cambridge, MA. Accessed October 21, 2012. http://web.mit.edu/gordonelp/elewhitepaper.pdf
Katz, Susan M. 1993. “The entry-level engineer: Problems in transition from student to
professional.” J. Engineering Education 82(3), 171-174
Keenan, Tony. 1993. “Graduate Engineers' Perceptions of their Engineering Courses:
comparison between enhanced engineering courses and their conventional counterparts.” Higher Education 26(3), 255-265.
Kouzes, Jim M., Barry Posner. 2008. The student leadership challenge: five practices for
exemplary leaders, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco.
Shrivastava, Gyan S. 2004 “Civil Engineering in Trinidad and Tobago.” Professional Issues
in Engineering Education and Practice 130(1): 11-13. Questions? 'The Road to Success is Always Under Construction.' (Underwood & Rosenblum Inc. 2005)
The interviews were sent out as questionnaires to those who did not have the time for an interview; this limited the responses.
Hard to differentiate if attributes have been obtained from the Civil Department or from elsewhere.
Mainly analysing the Trinidadian based graduates, as other graduates usually return to their home country. Limitations Delimitations Only 30 civil engineers registered under the Association of Professional Engineers of Trinidad and Tobago were chosen (or those eligible to be members).
Leadership in this context can be defined using ABET’s Engineering Criteria 2000 which includes the ability to work in teams, to communicate, to engage in lifelong learning, and to develop social and ethical responsibility.
Change in this context refers to the ability to recognize and manage change.
Synthesis refers to the ability combine engineering, business, and social perspectives. Definition of Key Terms APETT’s Membership criteria include:
i. Be actually engaged in the practice of Professional Engineering Society;
ii. Either possesses a degree from a University or School of Engineering recognized by the Association or possesses some equivalent qualification, which is acceptable to the Association;
iii. Have not less than four (4) years' experience in engineering acceptable to the Association subsequent to obtaining the qualification under (ii) above. Graduate Engineers' Perceptions of their Engineering Courses (Keenan 1993, 255-265).
The Five Practices of Exemplary Leadership (Kouzes and Posner 2008)
The entry-level engineer: Problems in transition from student to professional (Katz 1993, 171-174)
Engineering leadership education: A snapshot review of international good practice. (Graham et al. 2009)
Developing leadership capacity in college students: Findings from a national study. (Dugan and Komives 2007) Professionals in this context refers to civil engineers registered under APETT or those eligible to be a member based on criteria for membership.