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Transcript of Metis Rights
Maryann C Magnaye Pass the Metis Rights Please! 1869-1870 1875-1879 Canadas governemnt issued a scrip instead of establishing lands in Manitoba, this way it gave the Metis a choice to become treaty indians. The Metis perspective was- and is- that the Metis have rights to land as an Aboriginal person. 1885 1938 L’Association des Metis de L’Aberta et des Territories de Nord-Ouest lobbied the Alberta government so the Metis would have designated land. Alberta’s government passed the Metis Betterment Act which established 12 temporary Metis Settlements . This was the first time in Canada’s history to gave Metis land. The Metis- Led Red River that resulted into the Manitoba act. This act established Manitoba as a bilingual province and gave religious benefits as well as other benefits. The northwest resistance wanted to protect Metis land, which today is Saskatchewan. The railway settlers at this time were moving to Western Canada, for many Metis it was a way to assert their rights, though in other ways it was the overthrow Canadas authority . 1940-1960 The temporary settlements didn’t give the Metis any control over them. When the Metis discovered that some of the settlements given to them were unsuitable for living and farming. 1982 The Metis lobbied the government in the hopes of getting rights in the constitution. When the constitution was patriated the Metis were given rights under Canada’s Aboriginal people with rights. 1990 Alberta’s government enacted legislation in which Metis received settlements as permanent land with the responsibility to manage their own affairs.
~ Constitution of Alberta Amendment Act
~ Metis Settlements Accord Implementation Act
~ Metis Settlements Act
~ Metis Settlements Land Protection Act.
In addition, an agreement with the Alberta government established rights for the Metis to participate in the development of oil and gas resources on settlement lands. 2003 The supreme Court ruled that the Metis have the right to hunt and fish as one of Canada's Aboriginal peoples. These rights recognize the unique relationship between the land Metis, based on the history of the Aboriginals. 2004 The Metis Settlements General Council and Metis Nation of Alberta made agreements with Alberta's governments, recognizing their hunting and fishing rights. This made sure that the Metis were allowed to hunt and fish for food, and that they did not need a license. Though in 2007 Albertas government changed the rule without consulting the Metis organizations that restricted their hunting and fishing rights.
There is still an on going battle whether the Metis should have these rights or not. 2006 In April the Metis in Manitoba brought their issue of compensation of land promised but had not been delivered to court in the Manitoba Act. We rate this as a ++ influence because through this event the Metis got benefits. This is a ++ influence for the Metis because they were getting protection on their land, they had a chance to show others their rights and to question Canada's government towards the way they were treating the Metis. This situation was a benefit for the Metis so we rank it at a ++ because the Metis got the land they deserved for the first time so obviously it was an achievement to them. We considered this a negative influence so a --, because it wasn't fair to give them land that was not suitable for living on and they couldn't have control over this land being their own therefore making it a setback of unjustness. This event it rated at a ++ because of the lobbying the Metis did to the government and the outcome was being treated as one of the Aboriginals which was positive because they got more rights. This event was a positive influence (++) on the Metis timeline because they got land with proper living priorities just as long as they had some responsibility coming from the government. This event also gave them a chance to be involved with development on their lands which is obviously a good thing. This event that occurred in 2003 had a ++ influence because now the Metis were allowed to hunt and fish just like the Aboriginals. -- Though this event caused the Metis to be able to fish without a liscense, this right was taken away without telling them so it is a very negative thing for them because they weren't even told about the rule being over turned, therefore it was unfair to change the rule without telling them. This was a very negative influence (--) on the Metis people for even if they had a compensation for land they were still ignored by the court even if they were promised. Which shows how disrespected they were even if it had been in the Manitoba act. Most Important Legislation recognizing Metis Collective rights? From the information on this timeline, for us the most important legislation that recognized the Metis and their collective rights in Canada, would have to be in 1990. In this legislation, the Metis were given land and a life that gives them more control over their own affairs. They were also given more opportunity to help in the oil and gas industry which would give them a job as well as bring the group closer to ther society. This was exemplified through the new rights that were given as shown in the write up in 1990 (slide number 8). In conclusion, the time of when the Metis received the most beneficial of their collective rights was in 1990 when the Alberta government recognized the group as an aboriginal which entitled them more benefits. We rate this as (+) because although the metis were given land they were also given restrictions with becoming a treaty indians.