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Transcript of Pearl Harbour
the American Pacific Fleet naval base
located in Pearl Harbour, Hawaii.
The two main sides involved in this were the U.S.
and the Empire of Japan. Causes of the Attack (Why it happened) The Plan and how it happened Damages/Death toll Aftermath In conclusion:
The attack at Pearl Harbor occurred on December 7, 1941.
The two main people involved were the U.S. and the Empire of Japan
There were 2402 people killed and 1282 wounded including 68 civilians
This attack brought the U.S. into the war, before which their contributions to the war effort were only economic Summary Effects on Society Bibliography Blood, Tears, and Folly by Len Deighton
http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20090704174427AA0RdOn One of the major causes for the attack was that Japan was upset over the actions made against them so far during the war.
On September 1940 during Japan's takeover of Northern French Indochina, an embargo (official ban on trade) placed on Japan by the U.S. stopping the exports of steel, scrap iron, and aviation fuel to Japan. From June to the end of July in 1942, Japan had gained control of southern Indochina. Two days after, the Allies froze Japanese assets which prevented the Japanese purchase of oil; which could in time ruin their army. 6:05 AM First wave of Japanese attack; six carriers launched the attack composed of 183 aircraft, mostly dive bombers, horizontal bombers and fighters. 7:51 AM Japanese hit American ships and military installations (the first wave attacks the military airfields of Ford Island) The U.S. Pacific Fleet was Japan's major concern in their plans of takeover of the Pacific Islands and South East Indies. When the Japanese decided to attack this major threat, they took into account that almost half of the American forces were naval, with Pearl Harbour housing the most. Hawaii was not officially an American state at this time, but was stilling input towards the war effort of the U.S. Pearl Harbour was the designated target not only due to its large housing of the naval army but also because it was closer to Japan than any official American state; less travel was necessary. Pearl Harbour was a key access point for the war that Japan was intending on. The Japanese thought that they were the superior race. This attack was a step in their wanted defeat of America, allowing the Japanese to become the 'Super Power'. Japan imagined that with the U.S's navy now crippled, they could easily take over this territory which would have not been accessible with their forces intact. They speculated that this attack would ruin the 'American spirit' and spark the tearing of the American Society at this time. 8:30 AM A second wave of 170 Japanese aircraft, mostly torpedo bombers, attacked the fleet anchored in Pearl Harbor. The battleship Arizona was hit with an armor-piercing bomb which penetrated the forward ammunition compartment, blowing the ship apart and sinking it within seconds. It was one of eight US battleships at the dock, five of which were sunk and the remaining three were badly damaged. The first shots fired were from the destroyer Ward on a midget submarine that surfaced outside of Pearl Harbor; Ward sank the midget sub at approximately 06:55, about an hour before the attack on Pearl Harbor. Before the war America’s major contributions were those of economical support; they gave Britain financial aid help the Allies. The U.S had no ‘emotional’ attachment to this war and their population had no desire to join the war physically, so the government could not send many troops to help. This attack brought war closer to home for Americans which ignited the fire that started the war effort. Plentiful more men recruited, women took the places where men were now absent including factories, in offices etc. This population and plentiful supply of resources had the power to make a difference and cause an increase in the Allied forces. America: Canada: Historical Significance Because the Americans became more involved in the war, the war ended sooner thereby causing less Canadian casualties. Without this new addition to the war there there was a chance we could have lost, meaning Germany could have invaded Canada causing more deaths and further destruction. Pearl Harbor's position was strategically important because it cut the distances from the Philippines, Japan, and the rest of the Pacific Island groups by thousands of miles from the west coast of the US, either by air or sea. The bombing of Pearl Harbor brought the US into WWII on the side of the Allies. It also allowed the US to pursue the Pacific war by itself against Japan and supported warships and fleet for the duration of the conflict. Prior to the bombing, the US had only provided assistance to Great Britain's war effort through economic means. 9 ships of the U.S. fleet were sunk.
21 ships severely damaged (3 irreparable)
2402 people killed, 1282 wounded including 68 civilians
Japan lost 29 of their 350 aircraft that they attacked with
Of the military personnel lost at Pearl Harbor, 1,177 were from the Arizona