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The Flute

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by

sara naeem

on 29 January 2014

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Transcript of The Flute

The Flute
History of The Flute
The flute had to come a long way in to look like it does now. It was really difficult for people to put together all of the keys because they had to get the sounds just right.
Introduction
The flute is a very popular and ancient musical instrument that usually comes in a long cylinder type of shape. Flutes are a part of the woodwind family because it is a wind instrument. The flute produces a sound from a flow of air from across the opening that is at the head joint. There are different kinds of flutes with some having keys, some just finger holes, some are a collection of tubes, and some are just whistles. In the keyed type of flute there can be the sixth keyed flute or the eight keyed flute. The one that I play is called the Soprano Flute.
Soprano Flute
Piccolo Flute
(smallest flute)
Bone flutes are 40,000 years old and age back to the Stone Age. Bone flutes have a V- shaped mouth piece with 5 holes. Bone flutes were made out of naturally hollow bird bones and are thought to be the world's oldest recognizable musical instrument.
My personal favorite the Shakulute a Japanese based flute made out of bamboo.
The one of the largest flutes in the world is the Double Contrabass Flute.
2oo AD
In 200 AD 'flutes' were popular among the Romans and the Etruscans. They used teh 'flute' to entertain royalty, for theatrical productions, and in festivals.
1300's
In 1300, the flute stared to appear in non-germanic countries such as France, Spain, and northern Belgium.
In 1360 Eustache Deschamps suggested that the flute should be a multi-purpose instrument. It soon turned into a soft indoor instrument, as well as a loud one with military connotations.
Stone Age
1500's
In 1511 the Zwerchfell flute was created. This flute has 6 finger holes, and it also has a narrow structure. This flute looks really similar to a recorder.
1636-Transverse Flute
German Flutes also reffered to as Transversal flutes, were found in German during the 1636. These flutes were the first flutes with keys for ''D'' and ''G''. They were a cylindrical shape and were made of wood.
2014
There are many variations within the flute family. They fit into two major categories: transverse flutes and end-blown flutes. Several different types of flutes fit into these 2 major categories too. Flutes can change due to culture and necessity.
How to Put the Flute Together
There are three different parts for the soprano flute. These parts are classified as: head joint, body joint, and foot joint. The head joint has the embouchure hole. The body joint has the most keys and the foot joint is the smallest piece. The circle for the embouchure hole needs to be lined up with the brand and the other keys. The rod on the foot joint needs to line up with the keys.
Embouchure for Flute
The toughest part of playing the flute is getting the embouchure right. First you need to place the embouchure hole under you lip. Try to place it where the wet and dry part of your lips meet. Next, make sure your lower lip is covering 1/3 the hole. Lastly, look in a mirror to make sure that the opening of the lips is centered with the hole. Adjust your flute if necessary. Make sure you're not blowing too light or too hard. Also make sure that you're blowing across the hole instead of into it. Imagine that your are trying to blow out a birthday candle that is right in front of your flute. It is best to try making a sound with the head joint being alone.
Fingering
The fingering is best learned with pictures. Refer to pictures for fingering.
Posture
A proper posture is essential when playing a flute. You need to make sure that the flute is perpendicular to your body. If your sitting down then your back needs to be straight. Your feet need to be flat on the ground and you should be on the edge of the seat. If you're standing when you play then you still need to have a straight back along with a strait body. Your chin should be up and ready to play.
What You Shouldn't Do With Your Instrument
Don't play after you eat.
Food from your meal can get caught into the instrument and make the keys sticky. The food could also rot making a terrible odor and the instrument gross for others to play.
Don't leave your flute out of it's case when you're not using it.
Make sure you don't leave your instrument on chairs and/or on the ground because someone might sit or stand on it.
Don't shove the flute parts in if they don't fit.

The pieces of a flute are specially designed for a specific flute. Even if they look like they can fit they might not be able to. Also, the pieces can sometimes go in if you try enough but they won't be able to get out.
Don't leave your flute in a hot car, near a sunny window or by a heater.
This could cause your flute to crack or split apart.
Don't oil your flute with vegetable oil.
The vegetable oil will become rancid over time. A better alternative would be to use mineral oils or ask a professional to oil your flute for you.
Extra Things You Should Know
There are many things that I found out by playing the flute. For one thing the flute is mainly about 3 different things. The first thing is the breathing. You need to be able to keep a steady airflow when you are playing the flute. For breathing exercises you can visit the website:
www.whmswolfpackband.com/Site/Breathing_Exercises.html

Next, the getting the sound right is also essential for you to be a successful instrumentalist. You need to be able to find the best tone and be able to keep that tone. Finally, for me the toughest part of playing the flute is getting the fingering just right. This is hard because you can't look at where you're fingers are when you're playing. Also, the keys feel quite similar therefore if your finger slips then it is very hard for the player to notice. But, the absolute hardest part of playing a flute is commitment. After all practice makes perfect!
Left Hand Right Hand
Why I Love My Instrument The Flute
I love playing the flute because it's such a powerful instrument with a pretty side. If you know how to play it right and the right keys then you can make the flute as loud as a trumpet or as quiet as a clarinet. You also need a lot of energy to play it too. You need to be well built and have strong lungs. After practicing the flute for and hour I feel like I might pass out. But, just imagine all of those musicians out there that practice for 4-12 hours a day. Some people consider the flute as a gay instrument. Well, those people are wrong because the flute isn't gay as long as the flutist isn't gay. I also find that it's super easy to learn new songs once you get the hang of the fingering. Most other instruments only sound good in certain situations. For instance, the trumpet is mainly best for Jazz whereas the flute is good for all occasions. So, weather the flutes needed for military purposes or to calm a child the flute is a very reliable instrument.
"Music expresses that which cannot be said, and on which is impossible to be silent."
"Music is what feelings sound like."
"Music gives a soul to the universe, wings to the mind, flight to the imagination, and life to everything."
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