Transcript of Historical Globalization Timeline
Historical Globalization Timeline The Indian Act First Nations in Canada: Residential Schools First Nations in Canada: Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples First Nations in Canada: Statement of Reconciliation Gandhi: India Independence Imperialism Mercantilism Quiet Revolution Rwandan Genocide Scramble for Africa and the Berlin Conference Seigneurial System and early European immigration to Canada Seven Year’s War Silk Road Slavery The Grand Exchange The Industrial Revolution The Printing Press By Riley Curtis Indian Act The Indian Act was first passed in 1876. The indian act is a Canadian statute that concerns registered Indians, their bands, and the system of Indian reserves. Residential Schools (1860- 1996) The importance about the Indian Act was that is was a tool of Assimilation that still exits today. It enabled who was and who was not a status Indian. The Act suppressed some traditional practices in an effort to destroy cultures and assimilate the population. Residential schools was where first nations children gathered to learn. These schools were operated by the Canadian government because of the government's assimilation policy. The importance of this act was to assimilate the first nations people into learning and doing what the european people did, so they can become a part of the Europeans. Gandhi: Indian Independence (1947) Gandhi believed that every Indian should be self-sufficient. He led Indian to independence by not buying british items and not fighting back. The importance of Gandhi was that he led Indian to self independence peacefully. Mercantilism (16th -19th century) Was a policy of strictly controlling trade. The importance of mercantilism was that it helped protect and foster Canada's early development. Scramble for Africa and the Berlin Conference In the late 19th century, many countries wanted to divide Africa among themselves, instead of European Empires controlling it all. They also wanted to avoid conflicts with other imperial powers. The importance of this act is that Africa wouldn't be what it is today without it. The Industrial Revolution (1750- 1850) When work became mechanized and began to occur in factories. This brought dramatic economic, social, and cultural change. Imperialism Is one country's dominance over another countries economic, political, and cultural institutions. The importance of imperialism is power so one country can take control of another country. Seven Years' war (1756-1763) The seven years' war was when the British and the French fought for control over what is now called Canada. The importance of this is that if the French would have won then the world would be very different that what is it today. We wouldn't be speaking English right now and Quebec wouldn't exist. The printing press The printing press was invented by Johannes Guttenberg. This invention was very important since before it, books were copied by hand which made them very expensive. But the printing press made books become produced more quickly and cheaply encouraging more people to learn and read. This also played a important role of spreading science, religion, politicsa, and philosophy. The Grand Exchange The grand exchange was when Christopher Columbus traded with America and many other countries around the world. This is important because instead of Columbus trading with Asia he found North America instead which changed the world. Slavery Silk Road The silk road was a route from Europe to the middle east to Asia where people traded items and ideas. The Importance of the silk road was that many people and empires got wealthy by controlling some of the routes. Another importance was that many people were influenced by other people's ideas. Quiet Revolution (1960-1966) Was a intense social, political, and economical time in Quebec. Quebec people began to assert their rights and affirm and promote their language and culture. The importance of this was to not become assimilated by any other culture to promote and affirm their identity, language, and culture. Rwanda Genocide The Rwandan genocide was a mass killing of human beings because the Rwandan government and Hutu militants blamed the Tutsis for shooting down a plane carrying Rwandan president Juvenal Habyarimana. Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples (1991) The royal commision was when the federal government established to investigate the relationships between the Aboriginal Peoples with First Nations, Inuit, and Metis people. Statement of Reconciliation (1998) Was an apology to First Nations, Metis, and Inuit for the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. This was important because it changed the Indian Act. It changed harmful elements of the Indian Act while maintaining the government's financial and treaty obligations. This would give the First Nations more power and help them become more self sustaining. Slavery existed in many civilizations. The slave trade affected many people and only benefited the owners. People were forced to work otherwise they would be faced with many punishments. They did not get a opinion, food, or anything. Seigneurial System and early European immigration to Canada The Seigneurial system was a system to attract settlers, making laws, establishing peaceful relationships, and much more. The importance of this was to get more people to come to join your land and settle there without any conflicts. By: Riley Curtis Bretton Woods Cold war GATT IMF Market Economy Milton Friedman NAFTA Russian Revolution The collapse of the Soviet Union The Great Depression The rise of Communist Soviet Union The rise of Hitler (Nazi Party) Treaty of Versailles United Nations (Foundation and Principles) World Bank World War 1 World War 2 Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was formally disregarded on December 26 1991 by the declaration of the Soviet of the Republics of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union. This declaration was important because it acknowledged the independence of the twelve republics of the Soviet Union. Collapse of the soviet union Cold War Dates from 1947-1991. Was a silent war between US and the Soviet union where each possessed missiles that would cause mutual assured destruction. It was important because it had substantial reduction of tariffs and other trade barriers and the elimination of preferences, on a reciprocal and mutually advantageous basis. General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) (1947-1994) It was an general agreement on tariffs and trade International Monetary Fund (IMF)Full transcript
(1944) The IMF was to assist in the reconstruction of the world’s international payment system post-World War II. IMF works to improve the economies of its member countries. The importance was to promote international economic cooperation, international trade, employment, and exchange rate stability, including by making financial resources available to member countries to meet balance of payments needs. Market Economy A market economy is an economy in which decisions regarding investment, production and distribution are based on supply and demand, prices, and service. The importance of this is that decisions on investment and the allocation of producer goods are mainly made through markets. Milton Friedman (1912-2006) He was an american economist, statistician, and writer who taught at the University of Chicago. Milton was known for his research on consumption analysis, monetary history and theory, and the complexity of stabilization policy. North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) (1994) NAFTA was a free trade agreement between Canada, USA, and Mexico. NAFTA was important because it has generated economic growth and rising standards of living for the people of all three member countries Russian revolution (1917) The great depression (Early 1930's to late 1940's) Was a worldwide economic depression during world war two. It had an effect on income, tax revenue, profits and prices dropped, while international trade plunged by more than 50%. This was important because it had an effect on the unemployment rates reaching a high of 33% in some countries. World bank The World Bank provides loans to developing
countries. Treaty of Versailles (1919) The Treaty of Versailles was a peace treaty that ended the state of war that was signed by Germany along with many others. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) The USSR was formally closed in 1991. This declaration acknowledged the independence of the twelve republics of the Soviet Union that subsequently created the Commonwealth of Independent States. This was important because it marked an end to the Cold War. The Rise of Hitler (1918-1933) When Hitler joined the political party known as the Deutsche Arbeiterpartei. This political party was formed and developed during the post-World War I era. It was anti-Marxist and was opposed to the democratic post-war government of the Weimar Republic and the Treaty of Versailles. Once in power, the Nazis created a mythology surrounding the rise to power. World War 1 (1914-1918) Was a global war centred in Europe that involved all the super powers of the world at that time. One of the causes of the war was the resurgence of imperialism in the foreign policies of the great powers of Europe. World War 2 (1939-1945) Was the second global war that involved the vast majority of the world's nations—including all of the great powers. The main causes of World War II were nationalistic issues, unresolved issues, and resentments resulting from World War I and the interwar period in Europe, in addition to the effects of the Great Depression in the 1930's. United Nations (1945) The UN was founded to replace the League of Nations, to stop wars between countries, and to provide a platform for dialogue. This was important because it aimed for world peace. Was a series of revolutions in Russia that led to the Russian SFSR. This contributed to World War 1. Rise of Communist of Soviet Union Was a constitutionally communist state that existed between 1922 and 1991. The importance of this was to create a government and economy that were highly centralized.