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Contemporary America

10th Grade US History
by

David Salzer

on 10 September 2015

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Transcript of Contemporary America

Contemporary America
Test Date: Tuesday September 15th, 2015
70s
90s
80s
Today
Economics
Politics
Foreign Policy
Economics
Politics
Foreign Policy
Terrorism
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
We Landed on the Moon!
July 1969
Accomplishing JFK's "New Frontier"
Don't let this happen to you!
Neil Armstrong
>Cold War Tensions?
Realpolitik
Replaced containment policies & eased Cold War tensions
Nixon's New Foreign Policy

Foreign “Powers”

Weak Countries
Soviets
Chinese
Vietnam
Laos
Cuba
VS.
Watergate Scandal
Presidential power expanded under Johnson & Nixon
Created conflict between Nixon & Congress
Comittee to re-elect the President
Sent burglars to Watergate Hotel, headquarters of the Democratic Party
>Place wire taps
>“Bug” phones
>Photograph documents
Forrest Gump "playing witness to history".
Woodward & Bernstein
Washington Post Journalists
Continued to investigate publish
Public outcry resulted in a senate investigation
Did congress like Nixon?
Senate Investigation
Found VP Spiro Agnew accepted bribes, forcing his resignation
The infamous tapes
Nixon refused claiming "executive priveledges"
The Supreme Court overruled
Resignation
With talk of impeachment, Nixon resigned
Only president to ever do so
"I'm a Ford, Not a Lincoln"
Post Watergate
In an attempt to "move on" Ford pardoned Nixon
What does pardon mean?
Was this popular with the distrusting US citizens?
Chase’s depiction of Ford was merely a mockery of his clumsiness, little/no political satire.
Helsinki Accords
Encouraged “East” & “West” cooperation
Biggest accomplishment
Continuation of Nixon's Realpolitik
"New Federalism"
Fed gave $ to states to fund their own social programs
Examine the consequences of mass distrust in government?
Do TV shows like SNL, Daily Show, Colbert Report play too big on an impact on politics?
Stagflation
High Inflation & Unemployment
Why?
Attempted to pay for Great Society & Vietnam
Baby Boomers & minorities (women) entered the workforce
Ford's Response
Cut spending
Restricted credit
>Causing the worst economic recession since the 30s
Ford's Options?
OPEC
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
Arab Nations
Major supplier of US oil demands
Yom Kippur War
Arab Israeli War of 1973
US backed Israel with massive military aid
Why were Egypt & Syria attacking Israel?
How would Arab Nations respond?
OPEC cut off oil sales to the US
Gas prices quadrupled in 1974
Many credit Chase's portrayal for costing Ford the 76 election
Carter in '76
"Resotring Integrity"
Enacted "Fireside Chats"
Believed economic woes were a result of dependency on foreign oil
National Engergy Act
Tax credit for alternative oil
Tax on gas guzzlers
Encouraged domestic production
Does this work?
Camp David Accords
Egyptian President Anwar Sadat
Isreali Prime Minister Menecham Begin
&
Met with Carter for a peace agreement
Success?
Conflcit in the Middle East
Israelis & Palestinians (Palestinian Supporters)
Iranian Hostage Crisis
1979
52 US Hostages held for 444 Days
Islamic Revolution by Allyatollah Khomeni
Overtrhew the US backed Shah
Shah sought refuge & medical aid in the US
Why?
US Iranian Relations
Iran’s Islamic clergy supported Islamic nationalism
Anti-Israel/American sentiment terrorist action
Supported attacks against US embassy in Beirut in 1983
Iran = enemy of US foreign policy
Iraq - Iran War
1980-1990
Iraq leadership under Sunni leadership of Saddam Hussein

Who does the US support in this conflict? How?

Iran 90% Shiite
Iraq & Saddam Hussein supported by US
Permitted Saddam to construct the world’s 4th largest military
Saddam was an “honorary US citizen” in 1980
10 year war implemented WWI tactics
Chemical Warfare
Persian Gulf War
(Desert Storm)
Saddam invaded Kuwait in 1990
A successful invasion of Kuwait & Saudi Arabia would give Saddam control of ½ the world’s oil

Could Iraq successfully take over these countries?
Could the US allow Iraq to do so?

George H.W. Bush ordered an attack on Iraq in January of 1991
February of 1991 Kuwait was liberated
Bush declared the war over (>300 US deaths)

Many of his advisors wanted to invade & take out Saddam
Who were these advisors?
Secretary of Defense: Dick Cheney
Islamic Fundamentalism

Islamic fundamentalists
>Literally interpret the Koran
>Advocate “jihad” or struggle for faith
Islamic Revolution of '79

Want to overthrow western governments in Middle East (Israel/US)

Create a pure Islamic society
Terrorism would be a tool used by a minority of Muslims
Terrorism
Use of violence against people or property to force change
The Taliban
Al-Qaeda
Osama Bin Ladin
Islamic fundamentalists who control Afghanistan
Aided terrorist groups
Terrorist group (Islamic fundamentalists) funded by
Operated in Sudan & Afghanistan
WTC Attack
1993
Car bomb in North Tower
>6 killed, thousands injured
Attacks of US embassies in Kenya,
Tanzania, Yemen in late 90s
How did President Clinton respond?
"I would plead with the American people and the good people of New York to keep your courage up and go on about your lives. I would discourage the American people from overreacting to this”
9/11
WTC & Pentagon
Symbols of America
Thousands of innocent lives lost
Domestic Consequencs
How would we respond?
Like Clinton?
Department of Homeland Security
Analyze Threats
Coordinate Responses
Patriot Act
Airport Security
Search & surveillance of suspected terrorists
Federal security used to the airlines
Foreign Consequences
"No distinction between terrorists & countries that harbor terrorists." George W. Bush
US started boming Afghanistan in October of 2001
President Bush's appropproval rating was 92%
War wages to this day
"Nation Building" & democracy is the goal
Axis of Evil
Attacks created fear that groups like al-qaeda may acquire WMDs
Iraq, Iran, North Korea were identified as an "Axis of Evil"
Accused of supporting terrorists & developing WMDs
Iraq
Identified as being the most immediate threat
UN Deadline to:
1. Turn over all WMDs
2. Stop supporting terrorism
3. Stop surpressing its people
Iraq War
US & 30 other nations believed WMDs were still hidden in Iraq
US led the coalition in March of 2003
President Bush's approval rating was 78%
Mission Accomplished
Iraqi forces were defeated within a month
Sadaam was captured
Victory was declared
No WMDs were ever found
Troops left Iraq in December of 2011
The instability of Iraq is greater than ever
30,000 troop surge made in Afghanistan following the deescalation of troops in Iraq
Bin Ladin
Killed by elite US forces
May 2011
Conservative Rise
Less Government, Lower Taxes, Traditional Values
What are the consequences of these policies?
Reaganenomics
Downsize of the federal government
Urban mass transit, food stamps, welfare, schooll lunches, student aid
Budget Cuts
Tax Cuts
"Supply Side" economics
Taxes lowered by 25% on the richest Americans
Money saved would "trickle down" to all Americans
through deregulation
Increased Defense Spending
Doubled Defense Department spending
"Star Wars"
Consequences
Ecouraged Growth
Decreased Inflation
Decreased Unemployment
Doubled National Debt
Rich became richer
Poor became poorer
Bringing an End to the Cold War
A New Man: A New Age
Mikhail Gorbachev
Glasnost
Perestrokia
"Openness"
Allowed criticism
Less government control
More private industry
Initiated arms control meetings
Bringing Down the Berlin Wall
Symbolic end of the Cold War
Officially ends in 1992
Communism Around the Globe
China
World watched Chinese military squash a student uprising following the fall of the wall
US still supported right-winged governments around the globe
Secretly overthrowing left winged governments around the globe
Iran Contra Scandal
Evidence of Distrust
Clinton Administration
Increased relations with Russia & China
Intervened in the ethnic cleansing of Eastern Europe
Down played reactions to terrorism
Strengthened our Israeli alliance
Economic Boom
Consecutive budget surpluses
Joined Andrew Johnson as being the only President impeached
2000 Election
Closest Election in US History
Iranian Revolution of 1953
Shah
Mosaddegh
Nationalize Oil
Returned to power
Under great influence of the US
Seen as a "puppet" by many Islamic leaders
Tried and found guilty of being a military traitor
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