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Copy of The Notebook
Transcript of Copy of The Notebook
Informal Curriculum Based Diagnostic Instruments
Organizations for Students with Exceptionalities
"specially design instruction that meets the unique needs of a child who has a disability" (UnderstandingSpecialED.com, 2009).
IEP (Individualized Education Plan)
LRE (Least Restrictive Environment)
BIP (behavioral Intervention Plan)
IFSP (Individual Family Service Plan)
Special Education Network; http://specialednet.com/
National Center for Learning Disabilities; http://www.ncld.org/
Education World; http://www.educationworld.com/a_curr/curr139.shtml
Texas Education Agency; http://www.tea.state.tx.us/index2.aspx?id=2147491399
Texas Project First; http://www.texasprojectfirst.org/SpecialEd101.html
Texas Department of Education: Special Education
The Rise School: http://www.riseschool.org/
"Often delivered through technology, prescriptive learning is always based on results from a combination of assignment completion and test results" (Deschel, 2013).
Diagnostic strategies for driving instruction
Implement teaching strategies for whole group learning
Prescriptive learning that is easily integrated into current curriculum
Assessments done daily
Universal Design Learning
A research based framework for designing curriculum. UDL allows all students the ability to gain knowledge, skills, and enthusiasm for learning. Teachers must adjust their curriculum to meet the individual needs of each student in their class. UDL is an approach to learning that allows students with diverse learning abilities to learn is the way it works best for them.
"is the process to approach teaching and learning for students of differing abilities in the same class" (Evers & Spencer, 2011).
Teachers need to be knowledgeable about how to effectively implement differentiate instruction in a student's curriculum in order for the student to be successful.
Accommodations and Teaching Strategies
Universal Learning Design
Response to Intervention
Learning Styles and Modality
Response to Intervention RTI
evidence-supported curriculum interventions to help support students learning and knowledge verses discrepancy assessments.
increases reading abilities in students with diverse learning.
Focuses on five key reading acquisitions: phonemic awareness, phonics and word study, fluency, vocabulary, and reading comprehension.
Learning Styles and Modality
It is importation that teachers understand each students learning abilities and learning style in order for the student to be successful.
"Modality strengths are channels used for perception and include vision, kinesthesia, and auditory" (Derrick, 2013). Modality characteristics change over the life of the student and enhance student's learning when the environment reflects multiple learning styles.
The Rise School of Houston
Council for Exceptional Children
The National Council on Disability
Federation for Children with Special Needs
Association of Texas Professional Educators
Texas Center for Learning Disabilities
Organizations for Exceptionalities
Evers, R. & Spencer, S. (2011).
Planning Effective Instruction for Students with Learning and Behavior Problems
. Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ.
Derrick, J. (2013).
Modality Strengths vs. Learning Styles
. eHow. Retrieved on November 27, 2013 from: http://www.ehow.com/info_12062795_modality-strengths-vs-learning-styles.html
Deschel, S. (2013).
. eHow. Retrieved on November 26, 2013 from: http://www.ehow.com/about_6122534_prescriptive-learning.html
Herrell, A. & Jordan, M. (2012).
50 Strategies for Teaching English Language Learners
. Pearson Education, Inc.: Boston, MA.
Maryland Learning Links. (2013). Universal Learning Design. Retrieved on November 25, 2013 from: http://marylandlearninglinks.org/950
Understanding Special Education. (2013). Defining Special Education. Retrieved on November 27, 2013 from: http://www.understandingspecialeducation.com/13-categories-of-special-education.html
"a device or service that can be used as a tool by a person with a disability to achieve, maintain, or improve a function of daily life, including meeting educational goals and objective" (Evers & Spencer, 2011).
Teachers need to be effectively trained to use the assistive technology and provide regular assessments to ensure students success.
Curriculum Based Assessments
to know if the methods and materials are effective in learning and to for teachers to establish what comes next in learning. Teachers can use assessments to analyze their teaching strategies and learning experiences of the student in their class.
Learning through differentiation
Teaching Strategies for Content Area
Fine Arts, Health, Physical Education, and Theater
Why Use Teaching Strategies?
Using teaching strategies in a classroom with special education student's is essential to the success of the teacher and students. Teachers must be flexible, be able to monitor and adjust their curriculum to meet the needs of their students, and be creative. Suggested teaching strategies such as: spatial organizers, hands-on learning, computer-assisted instruction, and peer mediation are all effective strategies that teachers can implement for students with disabilities. Teachers who provide early intervention strategies for students who are struggling to learn can help build a student's ability to learn in various ways.
Attribute Charting; a way of visually organizing information to support students' understanding of the attributes of the concepts being studied. Ex. M&M Charting for sorting.
Manipulatives: concrete devices that students can move and handle to support their thinking and learning. Ex. Unifix cubes.
Graphic Organizers: visuals or pictures created to represent ideas, texts, or connections between texts. Ex. Venn diagrams
Gist: is a strategy for supporting comprehension of informational text.
English Language Arts:
Guided Reading: is an approach to teaching reading in a small group setting while providing individual coaching. Ex. Grouping students for instruction
Language Framework Planning: is a strategy in which a teacher identifies the academic language necessary for students to be successful in a lesson and plan activities that support the use of the language in multiple functions. Ex. Writers Workshop
Culture Studies: are studies in which students research and share information about their own cultural history. This strategy is highly recommended for student in ESL. Ex. Drawing pictures of their family.
Story Reenactment: is a strategy that encourages students to act out stories after they have read them or heard them read. Ex. Acting out the first Thanksgiving.
Fine Arts, Physical Education, and Theater:
Teachers should make fun and engaging activities for students in these areas. Teaching strategies for this areas can include: learning centers, small groups and partners, or cooperative learning. Each allows interactive learning through various modes of stimulation.
Special Education Laws
ARD (Admission, Review, and Dismissal Committee
): the official process for determining eligibility, evaluating children for services, updating process, and initiating declassification when needed.
Individuals with Disabilities
Education Act 2004
: is a law ensuring services to children with disabilities through out the United States. Regulates early interventions, special education, and related services to children with disabilities.
No Child Left Behind Act 2001
: Law states that all children in grades 3-8 and once in high school should be tested in reading and pass minimum standards and proficiencies.
: A law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability for any programs vocational or otherwise who receives monies from the federal, state, or local government.
Texas Education Agency Website and Hyperlink
Classroom management is the skills and techniques that teachers use in order to run the class smoothly. "When classroom-management strategies are executed effectively, teachers minimize the behaviors that impede learning for both individual students and groups of students, while maximizing the behaviors that facilitate or enhance learning" (Education Reform, 2014)
Classroom arrangement is essential for learning to take place and to minimize undesirable behavior. The organization of the classroom is a vital part of classroom management which should support working and learning comfortably by students.
13 Categories for Special Education
Specific Learning Disability
Speech or Language Impairment
Traumatic Brain Injury
Visual Impairment, Including Blindness
Other Health Impaired