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The baths of Diocletian

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by

Bert Klaassen

on 12 November 2013

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Transcript of The baths of Diocletian

The Baths of Diocletian
Index
History
Ground plan
How it was heated
The ruin
New functions
Museo Nazionale Romano
Piazza Della Republica
Restauration
The baths nowadays
The bathing culture
History
Ground Plan
Viminal, seven hills of Rome
Maximian and Docletian
298 - 306 A. D.
Aqua Marcia
Aqua Antoniana
537 - Seige of Rome
Caleo - to be hot
Hot-water baths
Saunas
Steam rooms
Oiling
Dressing Rooms
Private rooms
Other areas
Caldarium
Tapidarium
heated room
Palaestra
Room to exercise
Main
entrance
Where you enter
Exedra
Southern side
1. Caldarium
2. Tapidarium
3. Frigidarium
4. Natatio
5. Palaestra
6. Main entrance
7. Exedra
The ruin
Seize of Rome
Gothic king Vitiges
Aquaducts had no restauration
Population decreased
No more water
Buildings were robbed
The new destination
Church Santa Maria degli Angeli e dei Martiri
1563 and 1566 by Michelangelo
Tapidarium, frigidarium
Palace Pope's sister
2nd church 1598 San Bernardo alle Terme
Museo Nazionale Romano
1889
Ancient discoveries
Thermen Museum
Palazzo Altemps
Palazzo Massimo
Collezione Ludovisi
1621-1623
Bernini & Algardi
Piazza Della Republica
Italian Unification
Exedra - Piazza Esedra
Gaetano Koch - Large square
Symbol ancient - new
Restauration
1908 - 1911.
324 square meters
7290 cubic meters
1053 square meters
The main ruins were uncovered
Seven antique halls
Via Cernaia
Planetarium
The baths nowadays
Best preserved
Michelangelo
Santa Maria degli Angeli e dei Martiri
San Bernardo alle Therme
Museo Nazionale Romano
Piazza Della Repubblica
The bathing Culture
Private bathrooms
Public baths
Balneae
Fast development
Every day
Multiple functions
Men and women separated
Prostitutes
Fridgeo - to be cold
Increase popularity cold baths
Cella frigidaria
Reused water
Swimming pool
Cold-water bath
Social room
Open-air bathing pools
Frigidarium
Frigidarium
How it was heated
1. Exterior wall
2. Plaster
3. Heating ducts
4. Painted plaster
5. Mortar floor
6. Wear tiles (draagtegels)
7. Piled up tiles
8. Fire
Outdoor Swimming pool
by Merel and Savannah
Beautiful
Impressive
Massive building
Our opinion
Natatio
Full transcript