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Echo and Narcissus

Mythology project for Ms. Flannery
by

Sarah Hopkins

on 7 November 2012

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Transcript of Echo and Narcissus

The Tragic Tale of Echo and Narcissus The circumstances of this myth revolve around Echo, a cursed mountain nymph, and Narcissus, the man she fell in love with. The conflict of this myth is that Narcissus, son of Liriope and Cephisus, rejects Echo's love due to his arrogant nature. Suffering from the heart-wrenching pain of unrequited love, Echo prays that one day Narcissus will suffer from the pain that he has inflicted upon her. Her prayer was granted by Nemisis when he falls in love with a mysterious boy he encounters while drinking from a fountain. Unbeknownst to him that it was his own reflection with whom he had fallen for. When he realizes this, he still could not bring it upon himself to leave, and in that spot he withered away into nothingness. In place of his ashes laid a beautiful narcissus flower. Myth Origin and Type This myth originated in Greece. Characters Narcissus: proud and handsome youth who rejects the attentions of maidens and gentleman
Echo: A mountain nymph who falls in love with Narcissus. One of his many suitors.
Liriope and Cephius: Narcissus' parents.
Hera: Queen of the gods. Also know as Juno in Roman mythology.
Zeus: King of the gods. Also know as Jupiter in Roman mythology.
Nemesis: Goddess of vengeance and revenge. Also know as Rhamnusia.
Tiresias: Blind soothsayer (or oracle).
Dryads and Naiads: tree and water dwelling nymphs who mourn Narcissus' death. How it all began... This myth is a creation myth. This myth also teaches a moral lesson. It explains the creation of the narcissus flower and the echo. It teaches you that the actions of someone who is arrogant and conceited are not well received by others. Symbols Narcissus flower: The narcissus flower symbolizes Narcissus' vanity and arrogance. The flower prefers to gaze at itself in still bodies of water, just as Narcissus did in the myth. The fountain: The fountain in the myth symbolizes Narcissus' connection to his father. His reflection in the fountain seduced him into loving himself just as Cephius seduced Lirope. Plot Development Exposition:
Echo falls in love with Narcissus.
Rising Action:
Echo is rejected and wastes away.
Climax:
Echo prays that Narcissus will feel her pain.
Falling Action:
Narcissus falls in love with his own reflection.
Resolution:
Narcissus dies and a flower replaces his ashes. The Lessons Setting This myth is set in or near the ancient Greek city of Thespiae in the republic of Boeotia, north of Attica. Don't fall in love with yourself, direct your love towards someone else.
If you are vain you are bound to perish alone.
Don't cover up another's wrongdoings, you will end up regretting it. Modern References Narcissism is a psychological term used to describe egotistical people.
A number of modern songs reference the myth (such as "License to Kill" by Bob Dylan)
The novel "Echo and Narcissus" by Amy Lawrence. The novel questions whether or not women in classical Hollywood cinema ever truly speak for themselves. Bibliography Cummings, Michael J. "Narcissus and Echo." Ovid's
Story of Echo and Narcissus: A Study Guide. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Nov. 2012. <http://www.cummingsstudyguides.net/Guides3/Echo.html>. "LEGEND." Legend of Echo and Narcissus. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Nov. 2012.
<http://www.echo.me.uk/legend.htm>. Upright, Morgan. "Narcissus." Narcissus. Encyclopedia Mythica, n.d. Web. 06 Nov. 2012.
<http://www.pantheon.org/articles/n/narcissus.html>. Miller, Madeline. "Myth of the Week: Echo and Narcissus, Part I." Madeline Miller-
News -.N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Nov. 2012.
<http://www.madelinemiller.com/myth-of-the-week-echo-and-narcissus-part-i/>. "9HMythology - Narcissus." 9HMythology - Narcissus. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Nov. 2012.
<http://9hmythology.wiki.hhh.k12.ny.us/Narcissus>. Ovid, and Rolfe Humphries. "Echo Sees Narcissus." Metamorphoses. Bloomington:
Indiana UP, 1955. 339-58. Print.
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