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Patient Centered Approach

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Jason Gorski

on 12 October 2015

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Transcript of Patient Centered Approach

Patient-Centered Counseling Approach:
Carl Rogers

Jason Gorski
Stephanie Araujo
Cassandra Hilerio

Carl Rogers

B.A. from the University of Wisconsin 1924
M.A. from Columbia University in 1928
Ph.D. in psychotherapy from Columbia University 1931
Educational Background
One of six children
Close and warm relationships
Strictly religious
"Religious, practical, anti-intellectual and exclusionary"
Married Helen Elliot and had two children
Family Life
Born in Oak Park, IL in 1902
"Father of psychotherapy research"
Application of person-centered approach on the world
Received multiple awards from Columbia and APA
Historical Background
Theory of Personality
Theory of Psychotherapy
Implications & Limitations
Work has reached 30 countries and translated into 12 languages
Therapeutic conditions are universal
Therapist is a "fellow explorer"
Multi-Cultural Implications
Lack of technique
Not challenging clients
Expression of therapeutic conditions may differ between cultures
Example of Therapeutic Session
Corey, G. (2009).
Theory and practice of counseling and psychotherapy
. (8th ed.) Belmont, CA: Thompson Brooks Cole.

Hall, K. (1997).
Carl Rogers
. New Concord, OH.

Goal: Reaching one's Ideal-Self and their full potential
Potential to understand themselves
Capability of self-directed growth without direct intervention

Human Nature

A person's perception of their world in a unique, subjective way
Phenomenological Approach
Forces in
Establishing a growth-producing climate
Indirect approach
Empowering the client
Client-therapist Relationship

Without a role
Instrument for change

Role of Therapist
Active healer
Assessor of Congruency
Role of Client
1. Assist in helping client grow
2. Achieving a higher level of
3. Addressing congruency through
4. Decreasing defense
5. Self-Actualization
Goals of Therapy
Question 1:
What were some of the techniques that you saw the therapist use in order to develop an open client-therapist relationship?
Question 3:
What were some ways in which the therapist showed his empathy towards Tracy?
Question 2:
What kind of progress did you see towards the end of the session that gave us a sense that Tracy was making her own progress towards self-actualization?

Theory of Therapeutic Process

Phenomenological Field
A person's collection of their experiences & perceptions

1. Need for Positive Regard
2. Fully Functioning Person
3. Incongruent Person
4. Defense Mechanisms
1. Behaviorism
2. Psychoanalysis
3. Humanism
a. Existentialism
b. Person-Centered
Overall Emphasis
1. How client acts in their world?
2. How client can move forward in a constructive direction?
3. How to deal with obstacles blocking growth?
Exercising choice
Attributes to create climate:
1. Congruence
2. Unconditioned Positive Regard
3. Empathetic Understanding

1. What are some of your general thoughts or perceptions on the Person-Centered Approach?

2. Do you have any comments or questions regarding any of the information or videos we presented?
Final Discussion
Full transcript