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Roles in Broadcast/Video

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by

John Brumm

on 1 February 2016

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Transcript of Roles in Broadcast/Video

Roles in Broadcast/Video
Director
Some of the directors roles are to interpret the script and making it into a film. This can involve planning locations, shots, pacing, acting styles and anything else which affects the feel of the movie. The director also oversees the cinematography and technical aspects, coaching actors and directing them towards the required performances, Coordinating staff on set, directing the shooting timetable and ensuring that deadlines are met. Sometimes people confuse the director with the producer. Though their jobs can often overlap, The difference is that The director is usually hired by and answerable to the producer. Sometimes the director is given the role of the producer and director if he is reliable and creative.
The film producer is usually considered to be the person in charge of the entire film. The producer plans the production, hires key staff, organizes financial backing and budgets, distribution, etc. Film producers need to have strong organizational skills and good business sense. As well as making sure the film gets made on time and budget, they need to make sure it has an audience and will be profitable. There are exceptions to this rule (not all films are expected to turn a profit), but the producer is usually the business head of the project.
Camera Operator
Television camera operators can be roughly divided into two categories:
Producer
Studio & OB Operators
Field Operators
Studio & OB Operators are part of a team who together produce a program in real time. This usually involves multiple cameras and operators. Each operator will contribute a portion of the show through their shots.
Field Operators take their camera to various locations and usually record footage for later editing. Sometimes the footage is used for live transmission (e.g. news items). The field operator may work alone or with a field presenter, sound operator, producer, etc.
Editor
Video editing is a core role in film and television production. Pretty much every program requires editing of some sort, even most "live" shows. At the most basic level , an editor may be required to:Dub (copy) footage to different tapes or disks. Organize footage for distribution, archiving, etc. Convert formats, trans code footage, etc. These basic tasks are often performed by a junior editor or archivist. When most people think of editing, they think of a person sitting at a workstation arranging shots into the correct order to tell a story. Although this describes the basic editing function, it is a simplistic view somewhat like describing a musician as a person who places musical notes in the correct order. Good editing requires flair as well as technical competence. Some of the required skills are experience and proof of ability are the key. Formal qualifications are nice and may help you to be taken seriously when applying for a position, but in the end an employer just wants someone who can do the job. It helps a lot to be familiar with different types of edit systems, e.g. Avid, Final Cut Pro, Premiere, etc. You should be familiar with different styles of editing, and know how to achieve them. If someone asks for a film noir look, you want to be able to nod knowingly. You need work well in both collaborative and solo projects. You must be able to work to deadlines and cope with pressure
Gaffer
The gaffer is an electrician who manages the lighting in a film production. This position is both technical and creative — responsibilities can include everything from setting up portable generators to creating certain mood effects with lights.

In television this position is often referred to as the chief lighting technician.
By: John Brumm and Barake Underdue
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