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6 Basic Nutrients

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Alana J Simpson

on 6 November 2012

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Transcript of 6 Basic Nutrients

NUTRITION -The study of nutrients and how they are used by our bodies Nutrition and Healthy Eating 1. Carbohydrates
2. Proteins
3. Fats
4. Vitamins
5. Minerals
6. Water Chemical substances your body needs for proper growth, development, and functioning.

-There are 6 basic Nutrients. Nutrients A nutrient that supplies us energy.

There are three types:
Simple Carbs (Sugar)
Complex Carbs (Starches)

They are mainly found in grain products, vegetables and fruits. Carbohydrates -6 Basic Nutrients Nutrients needed to build and repair cells
Can be used as a source of energy Proteins Essential Nutrient for energy

-Used to insulate and regulate your body temperature

- Helps our body absorb vitamins Fats Various substances from non-living things that are needed in small amounts to help the body develop properly

Functions can include: building bones, making hormones and regulating heartbeat.

Think “periodic table of elements” Minerals Water is one of the most essential nutrients
Every tissue in our body needs water

-Water is found in every living thing
-It is recommended you drink 8 glasses a day Water, Various substances from other living things that are needed in small quantities to maintain health.

Help the body grow and stay healthy

-Found naturally in foods Vitamins Nutrients Carbohydrates, protein and fat provide energy for the body. Vitamins, minerals and water perform specific functions and help the body use the energy nutrients Three Nutrients that are lacking in adolescents are:

Calcium - Helps build strong bones

Iron - Carries oxygen to blood

Fibre - Helps with digestion and disease prevention. Simple Carbs (Sugar)

Refined sugars with little nutritional value Complex Carbs (Starches)

Take longer to digest
Have a more complex structure Fibre CARBOHYDRATES ARE:

The indigestible portion of plants that we eat

Help in the gastrointestinal tract by helping other nutrients get absorbed and by helping digest food more efficiently

Meats, fish, cheese, milk and eggs, peas, peanuts, soy beans, dry beans. There are two types of fats:
- From animal sources
- Avoid because it raises cholesterol in the body
- Usually solid at room temperature
- From plant sources
- Usually liquid at room temperature Saturated Fat: Unsaturated Fat: Disease Prevention and Eating Nutrients Moderation Examples:

Vitamin B - Helps with cell metabolism

Vitamin C - growth and repair of tissues

Vitamin D - helps your body absorb Calcium, which we need to grow Examples: Calcium - helps build strong bones, prevents osteoporosis Iron - carries oxygen to body cells so that cells can produce energy H2O Water is essential for:
The breakdown of food
Helps body tissues absorb other nutrients
Gives the body oxygen for our blood
Helps eliminate waste in the body. Eating enough of all 6 basic nutrients is essential for healthy living and disease prevention Remember when eating to eat everything in moderation. We don't need to overload on one type of food or nutrient it's all about balance Resources for You Medline Plus
- Information on health and wellness, including nutrients
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ Health Canada
-Information on health and wellness in Canada
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/index-eng.php The second day of a diet is always easier than the first day, by the second day you're off of it.
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