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ADVANCED FOUR (A04F)

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by

Augusto Casablanca

on 12 March 2015

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Transcript of ADVANCED FOUR (A04F)

Action - Non-action verbs
Count
Can be count
... the
simple
and the
progressive
form.
Write sentences using these verbs in both
exercise
watch
do
work
eat
These verbs describe STATES...
Wants
Possession
Perceptions
Mental States
Emotions
Appearance
* Appendix 2
... progressive form.
These verbs cannot be used in the...
What about verbs like be - have - look - smell...
we can use them to describe STATES or ACTIONS
She
's
silly.
I
'm
smell
ing
the soup.
This soup
smells
good.
They
are

look
ing
at me.
They
look
upset.
She
's
be
ing
silly.
States
Actions
These verbs describe:
Pau looks pretty tonight.
John eats quickly.
Stative verb
Adjective
Action Verb
Adverb
There's no doubt...
There are other downsides...
There are countless benefits...
* From Plural to Singular:
There are no doubts...
There is a (another) downside...
There is a benefit...
Change the tense of this sentence.
There
have been
questions.
There will be questions next year.
There were questions in the last century.
doubt (past)
no (past)
in the last century
next year
There were no questions.
There was no doubt.
Modals and other Auxiliaries
Match the sentences
d. She told me you could
1. You
could
go to the party.
9. Ronald
went
to the party.
8. She
was
absent yesterday.
7. I
have presented
the summary.
6. Jenny
is working
on her project.
10. I
think
you will finish on time.
5. Ana
has
3 cars.
3. I think you
will

finish
on time.
4. He
looks

like
a good guy.
2. He looks like
a good guy
.
i. At least he says he did.
f. All my classmates have.
j. My teacher says she was.
h. At least she says she is.
g. And i think she does.
e. We all think you will.
c. We do.
a. You're right, he does. But he's not!
b. He is.
Jim goes to school everyday.
Carol studied Biology.
The written exam is tomorrow.
Alex can play the guitar.
Adrian will sing tomorrow.
My mom has been to Paris.
Ken bought a car for Barbie.
Affirmative
So - too
So does Mary.
So did Esteban.
So are Jo and Li.
So can I.
So will Claudia.
So has my sister.
So did Carlos.
Mary does too.
Esteban did too
Jo and Li are too.
I can too.
Claudia will too.
My sister has too.
Carlos did too.
Jim doesn't go to school everyday.
Carol didn't study Biology.
The written exam isn't tomorrow.
Alex can't play the guitar.
Adrian won't sing tomorrow.
My mom hasn't been to Paris.
Ken didn't buy a car for Barbie.
Negative
Non-count nouns
Can't be count
Plural
Singular
Singular
a bolt of
a piece of
a flash of
lightening
a piece of
a speck of
a drop of
Present and Future
Time

* Simple Present
Facts : General Truth
Habits and Routine: Something that happens habitually.
It could also narrate events in sequence
Wish means desire.
She eats and then washes her teeth.
She runs in the mornings.
* Present Continuous
Actions in progress at the moment.
He's running at the beach.

We're studying English.

I'm using my phone.
BE + V-ing
* Present Perfect - Present Perfect continuous
They connect actions that started in the past and continue up to the Present
(no difference in meaning)
Since - For
I have studied here 3 years.
She has been working in that company last January.
Present Perfect
I've been studying here 3 years.
She has worked in that company last January.
Present Perfect
Continuous
HAVE (NOT)
HAS (NOT)
+
Past Participle
+
HAVE (NOT)
HAS (NOT)
+
VERB+ing
BEEN
+
for
since
for
since
* Present Perfect
Repeated actions.
I've watched "Titanic" several times.
They've gone to the cinema a million times.
She's played that game 3 times.
Identify the Dependent and Independent clause
1. When Mr Jo yelled
2. I enjoy the opera
3. Unless it comes today
4. After I arrive
5. They're going on a picnic
independent
dependent
independent
dependent
dependent
I to the park when my mom .

After Richard his homework, he his friends.

They chocolate once they their food.
(go)
(arrive)
(finish)
(call)
(eat)
(finish)
will go
arrives
is going to call
finishes
're going to eat
finish
Jordan: Oh my! I don't have the copies!
Me: Don't worry.
I'll go
to your house and give them to you. :)
Jordan: Thanks a lot!
Alex: What are you doing later?
Me:
I'm going to go
to Jordan's house to give her some copies.
after an hour...
WILL
Unplanned actions
Decisions made at the moment
Be going to
planned actions
we can also use the
PRESENT CONTINUOUS
I
am going to travel

to Paris next month.
I
am traveling

to Paris next month.
=
Past Time
Simple Past
Past Progressive
Present Perfect
Used to &
Would
Past Perfect &
Past Perfect Progressive
Was-were going to
would
She wanted to travel.
I visited my friend last month.
I had a big meal yesterday.
general
specific
What did you do
the first day of classes at ICPNA?
last night?
when you finished school?
What were you doing yesterday at 10?
I was ______ing...
Examples...
By the time the police
arrived
, the criminals
had
already
gotten away
.
I
had
never
tried
Suri until I
went
to the Jungle.
She
had
already
seen
that movie, that's why she
didn't go
with us to the cinema.
We
hadn't eaten
anything so
we were starving
at the party.
PAST PERFECT
The plane had already taken off
* When do we use the

Past Perfect
?
when I arrived to the airport.
(action finished)
(before another action)
Use the
PAST PERFECT
to say that an event had happened before another action in the past.
Had

gotten away
PAST PERFECT
had
never
tried
hadn't
eaten
had
seen
:D
had
hadn't
+
past participle
+
How do we form the

Past Perfect
?
He has taken a lot of pictures when she went to Cuzco.
They have worked in different companies in 2010.
She has traveled around the world last year.
I have eaten suri yesterday.
NO TIME expression!!!
What did you use to do when you were a child?
be honest!!!! xD
used to

+
base form
would

+

base form
Would
Used to
To talk about actions that occurred
regularly
in the past
past location
possession
state
but
1. Took a shower
2. My friend arrived to my house



1. I studied
2. I got a good grade.
(by the time)
(because)
Because I had studied, I got a good grade.
By the time my friend arrived to my house, I had taken a shower.
ADVANCED FOUR
Don't use STATIVE VERBS
+
What do you know about TURKEY?
TURKISH RUGS
VENDOR AT AN OPEN AIR MARKET
PAST
PARTICIPLE
PAST PERFECT PROGRESSIVE
* We use the
PAST PERFECT PROGRESSIVE
to express an
ongoing
(in progress) action in the past that happened
before another past event
.
I
had been waiting
there for more than two hours when she finally arrived.
She
had been painting
the wall before the dog scratched it.
"FUTURE IN THE PAST"
* I thought you
were going

to
go to the party.

* She knew he
was going to
break up with her. :(

* I knew where the boy
would
go to.
PAST PROGRESSIVE
&
PAST PERFECT PROGRESSIVE
* When I left her house,
it was raining
.
* When I left her house,
it had been raining
.
(It was still raining)
(It had stopped raining)
ACTIONS
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