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Romeo and Juliet

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anamarie perez

on 11 January 2013

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Transcript of Romeo and Juliet

Romeo and Juliet Globe Theater The Globe The Globe was built by Peter Smith and his workers from 1597 - 1598. It was capable of holding several thousand people. It wasn't just a playhouse it was also a brothel and gambling house. The profits of the Bear Garden dropped and in 1614 Henslowe and Edward Alleyn had it demolished. Then they had it replaced with a new playhouse named The Hope. The plays performed at The Globe were huge and made a lot of money. Plays Plays were always in demand because of all the playhouses. As soon as a play was written it was sent to be produced so actors can get to learn it the fastest the possibly can. The success of the Elizabethan theaters was a huge success that other forms of Elizabethan entertainment were being seriously affected. It grew so much that they had to be closed on Thursday so bull and bear bating wouldn't be neglected. Non playgoers would attend the Globe Theater to go to the market stalls and enjoy the holiday-like atmosphere. The Globe would have particularly attracted young people and the were many complaints of helpers avoiding work in order to go watch the plays. Shakespeare's Life He was born April 23, 1564. He died 52 years on April 23. His parents were John and Mary Shakespeare. John was a whittawer, a whittawer was a maker or a worker that sold leather goods. He served in the Stratford government as a council member in 1557. He held numerous occupations in the council, a constable in 1558, a chamberlain in 1561. an alderman 1565, and finally a high bailiff in 1568. The "birthplace" of Shakespeare was actually two adjacent buildings when he was born. Education He attended Stratford grammar school. The King's New School dedicated by King Edward VI. The school was purposely built for educating the sons of prominent citizens and was free for the sons of burgesses. He learned Latin then read the translated version of Aesop's fables, then moved onto Ceasar and then Cicero and so on and so forth. Marriage November 28, 1582 he was married to Anne Hathaway of Stratford. In her father will her name was Agnes, Anne was used interchangeably. Instead of the customary three times it was only asked for once because she was about three months pregnant. She was also eight years older than William. His first child was a girl, Susanna, then he had twins, Hamnet and Judith. Shakespeare's achievements Even from the beginning of his career in theater he was in several acting companies named: The Queen's Men, Pembroke's Men and Lord Strange's Men. In 1593 he stopped performing because all the theaters were shut down because the plague. They weren't opened up again until the winter 1594, but were closed but were closed in February until spring of 1594. When he wasn't occupied with the theater he wrote sonnets and plays. His most famous plays are Romeo & Juliet, Hamlet, A Midsummer Nights Dream. Courtship and Marriage in Shakespeare's Time Resources http://shakespeare.palomar.edu/timeline/timeline.htm
http://elizabethanenglandlife.com/elizabethan-england-superstitions.html The first theater that other theaters were modeled after was the Globe Theater. It was built at Shoreditch, London in 1576. the reason the Globe Theater was built because of "The Theater" started a chain reaction after it was made. When the lease was up on "The Theater" and the price was raised the troupe refused to agree to the terms. The new owner was going to build over it but he allowed them to dismantle it and movie it, but it collapsed. The purpose built in the Globe theater was to allow stage productions to become quite sophisticated with the use of massive props. Such as cannons, smoke, fireworks, and trap doors. Special effects at the theater were also a spectacular addition at the theater allowing for smoke effects. The Theater also had music which no other theater had as an effect. The shows never got old because the often presented eleven different times with ten different plays. Special Effects Marriage for the wealthy and poor were the same way by arrangement. It was a contract to continue the lineage and for the royal it usually didn't include love. It was frown upon for courtship to be between two different classes. It was considered taboo and was sometimes punishable by death. Marriage followed a specific set of protocols that represented maturity. There were many business deals to ensure the longevity of their lineage. The marriage also signified that loose morals and visiting brothels would stop. Then the focus would turn to his family and reproducing an heir. After courtship came a promise of marriage. After the promise they would then join hands and perform the hand fasting ceremony. After exchanging the promise they call each other husband and wife though they were not married yet. They were then required to call the banns, a public announcement for the union. For three successive Sundays they were required to go to church before they could continue with the final step. The banns were designed to allow time for anyone to reveal any reason why the couple should not be married. They had to have very decent files, especially the women. The last step was the actual wedding. The feast was big and everyone one would dance and drink wine. It would end when they consummated their union. They only reason they married was to benefit each other. They were usually also married for wealth and reputation. Life in Elizabethan England Facts: For entertainment people would go to the theater or to church events.
The food they ate was spiced up with garlic, cinnamon, cloves, pepper, and ginger.
The food they ate the most were eggs.
People were still blind about germs and thought what caused sickness was bad smells.
Small flowers and sweet smelling fragrances were carried by women to fight off disease.
The Weapons Era The queen needed a bigger army because Spain and France wanted to attack. So as the army gut bigger the weapons began to advance to other weapons as apposed to swords. Other weapons that were favored in war were the battle axe, dagger, halberd, longbow, mace, pike, spear, and the crossbow. Education The education was affected by the monarch of the ruling king or queen. To add to the confusion there were also the sides of the Catholics and Protestants. Only boys were allowed to go to school. Children age five to seven were sent to schools referred to as "Petty school" or "Dame school". They were not actual schools they were housewives that taught for a small fee. In those schools they were taught to read and write in English. They were taught the most important foundations which were catechism and lessons on proper behavior. The main focus on schools were to teach them these things at an early age and teach them Christianity. Superstitions They used to believe in many superstitions, not just the common folk but nobility and the royal. A few are still believed to today's date in age. Sneezing with your mouth open was bad because it gave the devil a chance to enter you. Pots stirred counter - clockwise would give bad luck to who ever ate it. The seventh son of the seventh son allegedly had supernatural powers. Last of my examples, good luck charms included iron, silver, fire, salt, and running water.
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