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Historiography of Would War 1 by DC
Transcript of Historiography of Would War 1 by DC
of World War 1 By DC Orthodox Revisionist New Intepretation
of the History context the established interpretation of historical event shared guilt 1920-1930 immediate after the war Post Revisionist Post World War 2 Anti-Post Revisionist Post Freiz fisher Germany should be fully responsible for the causes of the World War 1. Article 231, Versailles Peace Treaty Right after the World War 1 Germany accepts the responsibility for causing all the loss and damage as a consequence of the aggression of Germany and her allies. Luigi Albertini's failure of diplomacy and communication, makes it clear that German aggressiveness was the key ingredient for war. Lieven war was inevitable due to a bellicose Berlin and a weak Russia.conclude the blame for war must "unequivocally rest with the German government" Germany aggression Taylor this shift in Berlin's perspective - which caused its own "encirclement" - laid the root cause of WWI. Whiggish long before the railroads left their stations filled with troops, the primary reason mobilization schedules were needed in the first place was the breakdown of the balance of power due to a self-aggrandizing Germany Some Historian started to argue that Germany is not fully responsible for the cause of the World War 1. 1. German foreign office had published some document which can prove they are not responsible for the causes of WW1 2. Anger to Germany had cooled down so they fellow suit 3. Bolsheviks believed the causes of the is due to forces of capitalism Reasons Structuralists the capitalism structure among the Europe caused the war claims institutional structuresdetermine history Revisionism: the power of long-term factors Sidney Fay
Blamed Russian mobilization and Austria-Hungarian diplomacy Reason G. Low Dickinson
Alliance system causes the war Lenin
capitalism, imperialism cause the war, colonial and economic rivalry led to the arms race. Marxist Economic Forces drive historical change (WWI caused byImperialism and Capitalism) Trotsky
Economic system destroyed by its own inherent contradictions, which causes the war. Revisionism: the power of incompetent individuals. reason Emil Ludwig
500 million people is dead, because of a few dozen incapable leaders, lying stories, falsified document...... it make war ineviatble. David Lloyd George
Nation was get involved in war. a men standing on a planet that had been suddenlu wrenched from its orbit and was spinning widly into the unknown. Intentionalist-
a nihilistic approach: argues
that individuals determine historical events. The Fisher
Controversy The "Will to War"
Germany planned for and hoped that war would break out by giving Austria "blank cheque" the growing power of Russian meant it was better war came sonner rather than later. The Sonderweg Thesis
The ”September Programme“ of german chancellor bethmann hollweg showed that Germany always had annexationist aims Junker Aggression
Reasons for this expansionism lay in domestic factors- power in Germany rested with the Junker class who felt under threat from socialism and so were keen to unite the country behind them with a marvellous military victory. Sydeny Fay
Notably imperialism, militarism and alliance Many new views VR Berghahn
rapid industrialization that was out of step with political and social structures; the consequences of which saw an aristocratic elite (the Junkers) in total power and paranoid of any change. •Wolfgang Mommsen
These gulfs between the social and political realms lead increasingly to conflict and hostility to the ruling elites. In the end, the only recourse for the elites was to use nationalism and ultimately war as a tool to quell the working class. Samuel R. Williamson
Austria: devoted to domestic structures, particularly the interplay between external and domestic factors which shaped the Monarchy's decision making.
marrying German expansionism with an Austrian desire to expand into balkans Eric Hobsbawm
"system of industrial capitalism" caused the war, Niall Ferguson
Blamed Britain as the country who caused the WW1, as they have a not clear propose, and slow decision making John Steossinger
Blame the causes of the war to personal failing during the July crises