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Wilson's Disease

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by

Josh Fenske

on 21 April 2011

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Transcript of Wilson's Disease

Wilson's Disease Emily, Josh. F, and Tanner
What is Wilson's Disease? Wilson's Disease is a gentic disorder that prevents the body from getting rid of extra copper. Our bodies need some copper, but too much is poisonous and can be deadly, so we want to get rid of it but wilson's disease doesn't aloow it. It may not be life-threating in the early stages, but after a while high copper levels lead to severe organ damage which can lead to death. How do you inherit this disease? In order for a person to inherit Wilson's disease, they need to inherit 2 abnormal copies of the ATP7B gene. The children inherit this abnormal gene from each parent, known as an autosomal recessive pattern Carriers only contain one deformed ATP7B gene, showing no symptons of this disease. And, carriers dont show history of the disease. Because of the complications, you can't know if you and your partner would pass this disease to your child. Symptoms The symptoms in Wilson's disease may vary between individuals. First, it attacks the liver or the central nervous system. Sometimes, but rarely, even both. Liver failure may occur along with these symptoms: Swelling of the liver or spleen, jaundice, which is the yellowing of the skin and eyes, fluid buildup in legs or abdomen, bruising easily, and severe tiredness. If the copper buildup is more prevalent in your brain, some symptoms would be: speech problems, trouble swallowing, or lack in physical coordination. Other symptoms unrelated to liver or brain: anemia, low platelet or white blood cell count, mild hemophilia, high levels of amino acids, protein, uric acid, and carbohydrates in urine, and premature osteoporosis and arthritis. The most unique symptom is the Kayser-Fleischer ring visible in the eyes. It id caused by the buildup of copper in the eys They are brown and are around the edge of the iris. How are you diagnosed? Wilson's Disease can be diagnosed through physical examination by a doctor, or thorugh laboratory tests. Doctors usually detect the disease by finding the Kayser-Fleischer rings. They find the rings by using a light called the slit lamp. Laboratory tests are also used to see if you contain the disease. There are numerous tests to measure for the amount of copper in blood, urine and liver tissue. Blood Test: They look for a lower level of copper Urine Test: They look for an increasing amount of copper in your urine.
Liver: A liver biopsy may be neccessary to detect the disease. We have a lot of options to detect this disease. However, people with Wilson's Disease are often misdiagnosed due to its symptoms being similiar to other diseases. Treatment Wilson's disease requires life-long treatment from when you are diagnosed. The goal is to reduce the amunt of copper in your body to a healthy amount. The most common practices include the removal of excess copper, reduce your intake of copper through diet, and treatment of liver or brain damage. To medically treat Wilson's Disease, Cuprimine and Syprine are prescribed for you. They aid in releasing copperfrom the organs into the blood stream.Then helps filter it out by the kidneys and the copper is taken out of the body through the urine. If it is detected early enough and treated right, those diagnosed may live an average life with good health. If not taken seriously or not detected early enough, it can lead to severe brain damage, liver failure, and even death. Conclusion Wilson's disease should be taken seriously because if it isn't, it may cause death.
Early detection is the best. Treatment is for the rest of your life, but you can still live a healthy, fuller life. God will always be with you! The End The End!
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