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The Industrial Revolution

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Lakayvia Golden

on 28 October 2013

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Transcript of The Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution
by: La'Kayvia Golden & Marquis Rogers
Richard Trevithick
was born on April
13,1771. He died on
April 22, 1833
Trevthick invented the first steam locomotive
Get Your New Steam Locomotive
Invention: Steam Locomotive
Purpose: To transport goods, people, and animals

New and improved works better than previous locomotives.
Invented February 21, 1804
This helps transport everything you can think of
Get Your Steam Locomotive Today!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Diary of Rachel Lewis
May 19,1914
Dear Diary,
Today marks the 125th day that I've been a child laborer .
Why was there an Industrial Revolution?
The Industrial Revolution was a transition
in manufacturing. It developed new process
in producing goods that people needed such as in home electricity.

How did the Industrial Revolution benefit people?

During the period of 1813 and 1913 there was a significant increase in worker wages. The food supply had begun to increase which meant that more people had more food.Transportation improvements, such as canals and improved roads, also lowered food costs.Consumers benefited from falling prices for clothing and household articles such as cast iron cooking utensils, and in the following decades, stoves for cooking and space heating

How did the Industrial Revolution prove harmful to people ?
While it did bring technological advances, it also cut jobs for workers. With ma

chines capable of doing things in half the time, the need for a large workforce was unnecessary.
It increased pollution, the machines burned lots of fuel to operate
Population explosion in major cities, while smaller cities experienced a decline due to many people leaving them to go to the bigger cities to get jobs.
IT did not produce enough jobs for people. As a side effect of the machines that came with the industrial revolution, there weren't enough jobs for the qualified workers as they were all replaced by machines. This created competition for jobs for people.

Inventor's name_ Richard Trevithick
Born_ April 13 1771 Died_ April 22 1833

Invention_ Steam Powered Locomotive

Purpose of Invention_The purpose
was to transport
goods such as lumber,
furs, crops, animals and humans

Important facts and accomplishments_
-He was a British inventor and mining engineer from Cornwall
-Immersed in mining and and engineer from a young age
-His most significant contribution was to the development of the first high pressure steam engine

The pros and cons of the Industrial Revolution varied. First of all, it changed the life of farming in rural areas to the life of working in factories in the big cities. This led to new working methods. The many workers that had lost their jobs in farming were employed by working in factories. New inventions led to the mass production of food and clothes. For example, the invention of the seed drill helped spread seeds and coverage them more faster and efficiently than doing it by hand, and the invention of the textile mills in factories increased the production of clothes. Thus, making both food and clothes more cheaper and accessible. With the work of factories and mass production in the city, it led to a population increase. But, for all this mass production, it led to a lot more labor. Men, women, and children worked for a long hard hours in the factories. Also, socially, women were to obey men, not giving them any rights themselves. They were encouraged to stay home to care and teach the kids. Because of child labor children couldn't go to school, that is why women were expected to teach their own kids. Besides that, man, women, and child workers were overworked and neglected. Their working conditions were very hazardous. The excessive work led to a shorter life expectancy. The living conditions were poor as well. The houses were poorly constructed and packed. Some lived on the streets. The industrial revolution can be seen as a curse and a blessing because of the bad working conditions, child labor, poor living conditions, and shorter life expectancy. But it can be seen as a blessing as it sparked new inventions, advancements in technology, and mass production. Also during this time, woman fought for their rights and schools were created for an education for the children.

Newspaper Article
Name_ Richard Trevithick
Invention_ Steam Powered Locomotive
Born_ April 13 1771 Died_April 22 1833
Purpose of Invention_ To transport goods, people and animals.
Important facts and Info_Cornish engineer and inventor whose genius did not extend to business. A mine engineer from 1790 before erecting his first engine at Ding Dong (1795), he developed high-pressure, non-condensing engines from 1797 to patent both in 1802.

Women in World History
What types of jobs did women do?

Women mostly found jobs in domestic service, textile factories, and piece work shops.

Negative effects on women

Working conditions were often unsanitary and the work dangerous.

Education suffered because of the demands of work.

Home life suffered as women were faced with the double burden of factory work followed by domestic chores and child care.

How did women and men wages differ?

Men assumed supervisory roles over women and received higher wages.

Effects of the Revolution
People moved from the country into the cities, goods were produced more quickly and cheaply, & the middle class grew.

Textiles –
Mechanized cotton spinning powered by steam or water increased the output of a worker
by a factor of about 1000.
The power loom increased the output of a worker by a factor of over 40.
The cotton gin increased productivity or removing seed from cotton by a factor of 50.
Large gains in productivity also occurred in spinning and weaving of wool and linen,
but they were not as great as in cotton.

Steam power –
The efficiency of steam engines increased so that they used between
one-fifth and one-tenth as much fuel.
The adaption of stationary steam engines to rotary motion made
them suitable for industrial uses.
The high pressure engine had a high power to weight ratio,
making it suitable for transportation.
Steam power underwent a rapid expansion after 1800.

Iron making –
The substitution of coke for charcoal greatly lowered
the fuel cost of pig iron and wrought iron production.
Using coke also allowed larger blast furnaces, resulting in economies of scale.
The cast iron blowing cylinder was first used in 1760.
It was later improved by making it double acting,
which allowed higher furnace temperatures.
The puddling process produced a structural grade iron at
a lower cost than the finery forge.
The rolling mill was fifteen times faster than hammering wrought iron.
Hot blast (1829) greatly increased fuel efficiency in iron pro

The use of factories and mass production has led to a depletion of certain natural resources, leaving the environment permanently damaged.
enrty oneansry
Diary Entries
Entry #1
It's 1785 and I am ten years old. I might have to get my first job and I'm afraid to work in a factory due to the harsh working conditions. My father is having a hard time making ends meet.

Entry #2
It's 1785 I'm twelve now and have been working for a year. The most scariest time in the factory is when I have to use the machines. I still remember watching a man get mauled through one.

Entry #3
It's 1790 I'm fifteen now and I finally have to stop working. The new invention are bringing in alot of money. My father is now providing more than enough for us.

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