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Transcript of Trait Theory
of personality which can serve as a meaningful
taxonomy for classifying personality attributes Researchers agree that there are 5
robust factors of personality which can serve
as a meaningful taxonomy for classifying
We are going to examine the definitions
of these five personality traits. Trait Theory Openness
Neuroticism O.C.E.A.N. Imaginative
Pay attention to inner feelings Openness Traits Well Organized
Working towards goals
Resist impulse Conscientiousness Traits Being in groups
Adventure seekers Extraversion Traits Eager to help other people
Sympathetic to others
Avoid antagonism Agreeableness Phobias
Negative Compulsion Neuroticism Beatty, M. (2012). Social and communicative anxiety. Encyclopedia of Communication
Theory. Ed, 891(92), Retrieved from
Costa, P. (1992). Revised neo personality inventory (neo-pi-r) and neo five-factor
inventory (neo-ffi) manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.,
Digman, J. (1990). Personality structure: Emergence of the five-factormodel. Annual
Review of Psychology, 41, 417-440.
Gass, R. (2012). Argumentativeness and verbal aggressiveness two argument-related
"traits" . Retrieved from
Goldberg, L. (1993). The structure of phenotypic personality traits. American
Psychologist, 48, 26-34.
Lounsbury, J. (2009). Personality characteristics of business majors as defined
by the big five and narrow personality traits. Journal of Education for Business,
84(4), 200-205. Retrieved from
Tupes, E. Air Force Systems Command, Lackland Air Force Base. (1961). Recurrent
personality factors based on trait ratings, technical (ASD-TR-61-97) References Practically all personality theorists are concerned with
traits. After all, traits are what make us who we are.
Interested in the comparison of people based on
aspects and degrees.
Not concerned with behavior in a given situation
Not concerned with development
Not interested in personality change Trait Theory Ernest Tupes and Raymond Cristal
advanced the initial model, based on work done at
the U.S. Air Force Personnel Laboratory
in the late 1950s (Tupes, 1961)
J.M. Digman proposed his five factor
model of personality in 1990, (Digman, 1990)
Goldman extended it to the highest
level of organizations in 1993. (Goldberg, 1993)
In a personality test, the Five Factor Model
or FFM (Costa, 1992) may also be used
to reference the Big Five traits. History The Big Five personality test gives you more
insight into how you react in different situations,
which can help you choose an occupation.
Career professionals and psychologists use
this information in a personality career test
for recruitment and candidate assessment. So What? http://www.outofservice.com/bigfive/ Objectivity. It's reliance on statistical or objective data.
Subjectivity or personal experience of the
theorists play no role in trait theory.
Trait theory has no bias
Ease of Use Strengths of Trait Theory Does not address development
Poor predictor of future behavior
No means of change Criticisms of Trait Theory Questions? Tendency to engage in conversations
about controversial topics.
Argumentativeness is a positive trait
Verbal aggression and hostility
are negative traits. (Gass, 2012) Argumentativeness Social anxiety refers to psychological distress
experienced in reaction to the mere presence
of people, whereas the term
communicative anxiety is used to
describe the fear associated with
either real or anticipated communication
with others. (Beatty, 2012) Social and Communicative Anxiety Openness Conscientiousness Extraversion Agreeableness Neuroticism