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Islamic Contribution to Medicine

While Europe was in the midst of darkness, it was the Muslims who picked up the torch of scholarship and science. It was the Muslims who preserved the knowledge of antiquity and finally passed it on to Europe.

Hend Abdel Gawad

on 31 July 2013

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Transcript of Islamic Contribution to Medicine

Islamic Contribution to Medicine

Ibn al-Nafis

He provided a scientific description of the minor circulatory system.
He was also the first physician to describe
that carry blood to the heart
He described the tiny capillaries.
Prophetic Medicine
The Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, said:
"O slaves of Allaah! Seek medical treatment, for Allaah has not sent a disease without sending a remedy for it." [At-Tirmithi]
Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi
He described the ligature of arteries long before Ambrose Pare.
He described the tracheostomy operation and performed it as an emergency on one of his servants.
He also wrote about fracture of the skull ; types , shapes , and causes .
He described many dental operations such as dental extractions, fixation, re implantation, and artificial teeth.
Al Razi ( Rhazes )
He invented a suture which he constructed from cat guts.
He invented mercury ointments.
He differentiated between venous and arterial hemorrhages.
He described cataract extraction.
He used opium in treating dry cough.
He introduced laxatives to pharmacy.
He was the first to establish parasitology
He discovered Ankylostoma parasite and called it ‘the round worm’, preceding the Italian scientist Dobby Bingo by nearly 900 years.

He discovered the modes of infection of some diseases like measles and smallpox.
He also described tonsillectomy.
He was the first to describe the eye’s inner muscles. He also said that the optic nerve is the organ that is responsible for vision, not the lens, as it had been believed before.

Abu Al-Qaasim `Ammaar Ibn `Ali Al-Mawsili.
He conducted a profound research on cataract operations.
He developed a hollow needle used in performing the surgical operation of the cataract.
He explains the eye and its anatomy in minute detail; its diseases, their symptoms, their treatments.
He discusses how to treat various corneal ulcers through surgery, and the therapy involved in repairing cataracts.
Hunayn ibn Ishaq
His book encompassed information on treatment and classification of over one hundred different eye diseases.
Ali ibn Isa al-Kahhal
Preventive Medicine in Islam
Cleanliness is a Form of Worship
In terms of oral hygiene, the Prophet Muhammad (SAWS) once said he would have ordered his followers to use the siwak regularly
AbuKarimah heard the Prophet (peace be upon him) say: No man fills a pot worse than his stomach. For a person a few mouthfuls are sufficient to keep his back straight. But if he wants to fill his stomach then he should divide his stomach into three parts: He should fill one third of the belly with food, another third with drink and leave one third empty for easy breathing.
Transmitted by Tirmidhi.
The Prophet (SAWS) tried to prevent Muslims from suffering serious health problems caused by alcohol and drugs.
Islam also denounced adultery and sexual relationships outside the sanctity of marriage, protecting Muslims and society by preserving high standards of morality.
Islam also prohibited the eating of dead meat due to the harmful side effects it causes, as proven by modern science.
Islam is not only concerned with the physical health of man but is also deeply preoccupied with his psychological well being .
"Those who believe, and whose hearts find satisfaction in the remembrance of Allah: for without doubt in the remembrance of Allah do hearts find satisfaction"
Preventing the Spread of Disease (Quarantine Measures)
This is mentioned in the narration of the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam,as he said:
"If you hear about a plague breaking out in a land, do not enter it and if it appears in a land in which you happen to be, do not leave it."[Al-Bukhaari]
Return to
O Muslims !!
Muslim Hospitals
Patients of different sexes occupied separate wards. Also different diseases especially infectious ones, were allocated different wards.
The hospital served as a medical school to educate and train medical students,
The Muslim hospitals were the first in history to keep regular records of patients and their medical treatment.
The hospital pharmacy of the Muslim hospitals was highly developed and performed an outstanding service to the patients.
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