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Chapter 7 The Great Migration and the Push for Democracy

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on 1 March 2017

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Transcript of Chapter 7 The Great Migration and the Push for Democracy

Chapter 7 The Great Migration and the Push for Democracy
Great Migration 1815-1850
What Triggered the Great Migration?
Opportunities in the Colonies
The Journey and effects of Migration
The Journey...

Lasted from 20 days to 2 months traveling in cargo ships
Conditions were poor, cramped and unsanitary.
Disease spread quickly and many died.

Passengers called ships 'coffin ships'
Diseases were typhus, cholera and dysentery

The effects
Population in
Upper

Canada
increased from 71,000 in 1806 to 432,000 in 1841
Population in
Lower Canada
increased from 250,000 in 1806 to 717,000 in 1841
1815 80% of population born in BNA
1841 50% of population British immigrants


The Arrival
Many bought land and became farmers
Immigrants worked in the cities as servants, laborers or any job available
Review
What were the main reasons for the migration to British North America?

Poverty and Famine
Industrial Revolution
Opportunity for a better life
Poverty in Britain/Eastern Europe
Many people were starving, living in poor conditions and were unable to find work. Would leave to find a better life.
Industrial Revolution
Many had lost their livelihoods during the Industrial Revolution, as machines replaced their jobs (domestic system to factor system)
Famine in Ireland 1840
Many people were starving because of poor potato crops
What Triggered the Great Migration...
Industrial Revolution
Irish Potato Famine
1. There was room in British North America
2. Encouragement by Britain to EMIGRATE to relieve economic trouble.
3. Would help reinforce loyalty to Britain

Lower Canada was having a population explosion with high birth rates and British immigrants.
Upper Canada was originally settled by Loyalists. A wave of new settlers from Great Britain started to arrive (Ireland, Scotland, England, and Wales).

Impact of The Great Migration.

More farms
Pressure of where the people would settle
Large influx of people with no money
Emigrate:
to leave a country or region to live elsewhere
Immigrate:

come to live permanently in a foreign country.
Opportunities in the Colonies
Quick Review...

1. How was British North America affected by the influx of loyalists during the American War of Independence and how did Britain deal with it ?

2. What issues do you foresee with a huge amount of European immigrants settling in Canada?

Your Journey to Canada...
What will your
creative story reveal about
your family's journey
to Canada?
Full transcript