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Different leadership styles in the Public services

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George Blackburn

on 19 October 2015

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Transcript of Different leadership styles in the Public services

The authoritarian leadership style is where the leader has complete control over the team and what happens. The members in the team have little say on what they think is right for the task as the leader has a strong power over the team. This style of leadership requires the leader to be confident and skilled as if the leader is not skilled or confident then they wont be able to communicate the task to their team well but at the same time they will

Situation used:
This leadership style will be effective in the military, because if you are in a situation where you are in a battlefield and the leader needs to move his team out of the area quickly and the easiest way is to shout orders at his team to make them move out of the situation.

For this leadership style the leader tells the team what is expected of them and what they need to do. Also the leader actively monitors their team and judging on how well they do and giving them rewards or punishments for how well they do. For example if they slack or put in little effort the they would be punished. However if they're doing well and putting in a lot of effort they will be rewarded.

Situation Used:
The transactional leadership style is used in the Army as they have a strict discipline code and have high expectations. For example the team officer will access their team and if they do not fulfill their expectation then they will be punished whereas if they do something good and show good quality effort then they will be rewarded. For example they could be rewarded with extra food and drink.

The transformational leadership style is when the leader of the groups/teams goal is to improve and develop the team. The leader who uses the transformational style is often an inspiring character which is what is needed to guide the team in the right direction by inspiring them and helping them develop their skills. These leaders also demonstrate a strong amount of integrity to the team which creates a more positive mentality in and around the team and shapes the team to have confidence and trust to their leader.

Situation Used:
This type of leadership can be found in the military as soldiers in specific circumstances must be inspired to go forward to complete the task and to also have trust and confidence in their leader, when they have both of those values in their leader then the soldiers become more willing and determined to complete the aim.
Laissez Faire is French, when translated it reads "let it be". This style requires a well skilled team, as the leader will take a step back and leave the group to get on with the task after giving them all the resources needed. The leader will give very little guidance and gain control through other ways. The leader will find the strengths and weaknesses of the group as it is believed that people excel when left to a task and see how they deal with the responsibilities.

Situations used:
This leadership will be effective in command tasks for example the Army will use Laissez-Faire as the team members are all well skilled through training.
This will be used doing some of the team building activities the army do as they are left to it but all need to be skilled enought to pull together and complete the task.

Bureaucratic is a leadership style used when there is serious safety risks involved. To prevent the team from harm they will have strict rules to follow. These rules will be put in place by the leader. The leader will brief the team on these rules and will assure every member has a clear understanding of what is required of them.

Situations used:
This leadership will be effective in dangerous tasks for example the fire service will need to follow strict rules as they are put in very dangerous situations when putting out fires or entering burning buildings.
We think the most effective leadership style is Bureaucratic, as it achieves its purpose very well. This style was made to ensure the safety of the team when put in dangerous situations. This is effective as the leader will brief the team on the risks of the task, he will then proceed to make strict rules that must be understood and followed by all the members. For example, before firefighters enter a burning building to save the occupants inside they will be briefed on the dangers e.g. smoke, fire, falling debris and unstable floors. They will then be given strict rules e.g. everyone must stick together, Don’t put yourself or team members in danger of injury and follow all instructions. The leader will then question the team on what is required of them ensuring everyone is aware of what their role is. When entering the building they will do a sweep search working as a team under the leader’s supervision. A clear plan of action will make it quicker and easier to save the residents and keep all members of the crew unharmed therefore we think this is the most effective leadership style.

A leadership style that we didn’t find that effective was Laissez-Faire. This is because when the leader takes a step back and leaves the group to get on with it there is more room for error. We feel that when discussing ideas in the group there’s more likely to be conflict of interest. Also as there isn’t a leader during the task some may try to take this role and become the one who makes the final decision causing confusion to who has authority, which is not what the style is used for. This is what tends to happen when we have done team building activities using Laissez-faire. People don’t fully listen to the instructions as they are already thinking about what they want to do and how they can participate in the task ahead. After the leader is finished briefing the team which half have paid no attention to. It’s a mad fight to get their ideas across to the other members and taking the leaders roll. This then fails as the person with all the ideas that didn’t listen hasn’t remembered all the key information they needed to achieve the task. Therefore, we didn’t find Laissez-Faire that effective.

Different leadership styles in the Public Services
By George Blackburn and Kieran Gridley
In this powerpoint we will
Identify the role of the team leader in the public services
Describe the different leadership styles used in the public services
compare the different leadership styles used in the public services
Evaluate the effectiveness of different leadership styles used in the public services

Democratic leaders make sure the whole team is involved with decisions and everyone idea is included, however the leader has the final decision. This encourages creativity from the team members as everyone's idea is counted and this makes all team members more productive as their say counts and they are more involved with the task. The democratic style helps develop the team members skills and also keeps the team motivated as they know they're involved.

Situations used:
The Fire service will use this before entering a dangerous situation. For example the leader will brief his team taking on board any ideas the team have before making the final decision, ensuring the safety of all his team.

Roles of the team leader
There are many roles of the team leader and they depend on the type of leadership style which is being used at the time. For example, in a moment where an authoritarian leadership style is being used the role of the team leader is to be strict, assertive and confident etc. Also in a laissez-faire situation the roles of the leader are slightly different as that leader would have to be calm, have a good amount of trust and also confident. The main roles of any leader is for that leader to be inspirational as they can then inspire the team to reach their goal/target. Other main roles consist of the leader having a high confidence when making decisions, speaking to their team and also to motivate the team and keep them intent on the task. This is an important role for the leader to have as if the team is motivated then it creates a better end result as the whole team has put in a high level of effort due to being motivated.
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