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Psoriasis - Anatomy

Smanta, Kenya, Shannon, Dania
by

Shannon Daly

on 28 November 2012

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Transcript of Psoriasis - Anatomy

By:
Shannon Daly
Kenya Greaves
Smanta Moustafa
Dania Santer Psoriasis Causes
Signs/Symptoms
Diagnosis
Treatment Noncontagious skin condition that causes redness, irritation and scaly patches.

Many different types of Psoriasis including some of the most common: plaque, guttate, pustular, scalp and nail Psoriasis Psoriasis Causes Causes are not fully understood.

Very common (over 125 million people world wide have Psoriasis), anyone can get it.

Can be genetically passed down or caused by environmental factors (ex. stress, medication, weather and smoking) What is Psoriasis? Signs and Symptoms Thick, itchy, or dry skin, nail discoloration, patches on the surface of skin, spots, soreness, swollen joints and stiff joints.

Affect any part of the surface of the skin like the elbows, knees and joints.

Affects people with a weak immune system - normally, skin cells grow, mature, and are sloughed off over a period of about a month. The body eventually sheds these cells, revealing new skin cells. In people with psoriasis, however, the immune system is overactive and the skin cells reproduce in only 3 to 4 days. The body has no way to shed the skin cells fast enough, and they accumulate on the surface, forming raised, red patches or plaques. PSORIASIS
Doctors can detect or diagnose psoriasis by performing a physical exam, skin biopsy , x-ray and reviewing medical and family history. Treatment Treatment for psoriasis aim to interrupt the cell cycle, reduce inflammation, smooth the skin and remove the scales

3 types of treatment: Topical, Light Therapy and Injections Diagnosis Topical Treatments Anti-inflammatory creams and ointments such as:

Topical corticosteroids - reduce inflammation and slow the growth and build-up of skin cells

Vitamin D analogues - slows down the growth of skin cells Light Therapy Natural or artificial ultraviolet light can dramatically slow the growth of skin cells, reducing the symptoms of psoriasis Oral and Injected Medicine Methotrexate: Taken either orally or by injection; decreases the production of skin cells and suppresses inflammation.

Ciclosporin: suppresses the immune system Plaque psoriasis Guttate Pustular Scalp Nail Most common type of Psoriasis and can form anywhere on the body.

It is identified by dry, red skin plaques that are covered by scales. Triggered by an infection
The plaques are small red spots that are usually found on the trunk, legs and arms. Forms white non-infectious pus on the feet, hands and fingertips Produce dry, reddish, itchy and scaly patches. The white scales can attach to the hair. Affects finger and toe nails; characterized by abnormal nail growth, discoloration and pitting of the nails Statistics Psoriasis is the most prevalent autoimmune disease in the U.S. ( 7.5 million people in the U.S. have Psoriasis)

Studies show that between 10 and 30 percent of people with psoriasis also develop psoriatic arthritis

Psoriasis prevalence in African Americans is 1.3 percent compared to 2.5 percent of Caucasians

Psoriasis often appears between the ages of 15 and 25, but can develop at any age.

About one out of three people with psoriasis report having a relative with psoriasis.

If one parent has psoriasis, a child has about a 10 % chance of having psoriasis. If both parents have psoriasis, a child has approximately a 50 % chance of developing the disease.

10 % -15 % of those with psoriasis get it before age 10. Some infants have it, but it's rare.

over 125 million people worldwide have Psoriasis Fun Facts

About 350 people die from psoriasis or complications from its treatment every year.

People with severe Psoriasis may have problems with skin's ability to control body temperature and the prevention of infections.

Every years 400 people are granted disability by the Social Security Administration because of their Psoriasis

Having Psoriasis may disqualify a person from serving in the Military

Every year 20,000 children 10 years of age and younger are diagnosed with psoriasis

1 out of every 50 Americans have Psoriasis

Many famous people have suffered from Psoriasis such as Benjamin Franklin, Kim Kardashian, LeAnn Rimes and Stacy London. Interview Interview with Shannon's aunt who is diagnosed with Psoriasis
Q: At what age were you diagnosis with Psoriasis?
A: At age 17, I was diagnosis with Psoriasis
Q: What form of Psoriasis do you have, and how bad is it?
A: I have Plaque Psoriasis, and I have a very mild case.
Q: How many outbreaks have you had?
A: I have only had 2 severe outbreaks, at age 17 and at at 25
Q: What medicine do you use?
A: Currently I do not use medicine because my Psoriasis is not bad, but I have used several oils, tar and lotions.
Q: What is your family history with Psoriasis?
A: Well Psoriasis is on both sides of my family. My father had it, but it was not severe and an uncle on my mother's side had it as well. Other family members have had it.
Q: How often do you go to the dermatologist?
A: I have not gone in a few years, because when I get outbreaks I am able to control it using medicine. Types of Psoriasis
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