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McCulloch v. Maryland

Made by: Nick Balog and Jesse Artiglia. We did this instead of a power point to give our presentation a little more life.

Nick Balog

on 1 April 2010

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Transcript of McCulloch v. Maryland

McCulloch V. Maryland Facts About The Case Argued on Monday, February 22, 1819 and decided on that saturday. In 1816 the US congres chartered The Second Bank of the United States. Two years later the state of Maryland imposed taxes on the bank and its transactions. The path this case traveled to the supreme court wasn't recorded due to the time period it was argued in. James W. McCulloch was a cashier at the
Baltimore branch of the Second Bank of the United States. McCulloch refused to pay the tax imposed by the state. In midst of the court case the United States
was just begining to turn its economy around
after widespread depression and other economic
disaster due to war of 1812. Legal issues... In this case the state of Maryland was suing a cashier at the Second Bank of the U.S. However the chief justice, John Marshall, stated that in this case the Constitution outlines, to the point, that in the event of a federal law and a state law overlap the federal law/constitution remains "supreme". One reason Marshall may have also choosen this path is due to the condition the Union was in at the time. Just after the war of 1812 we were still in great debt and a large recession and widespread poverty had stricken. This bank provided jobs and loans in an attempt to set them back up on their feet to move on and pass the test. The Verdict!! In the end the court decided unanimously with seven out of seven in the favor of McCulloch stating that the tax was unlawful. He based this solely off the supremecy clause and said the national government has all mighty power. "The power to tax involves the power to destroy" - John Marshall Impact? The final decision showed that this current justice set was very straight forward and followed solely the constitution and how it was exactly written. This was not a very public opinionated group. It had no great impact on the everyday citizen. Chief Justice: John Marshall John Marshall John Marshall was a very literal reader of the constitution. Marshall believed that the Constitution had one primary meaning and that it was completely supreme. This could be one reason why he was so successful in setting up Judicial Review.

This followed suit with how he decided many other cases that he took in his years as a justice of the supreme court. Works Cited

"McCulloch v. Maryland, U.S. Supreme Court Case Summary & Oral Argument." The Oyez Project | Build 6. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2010. <http://www.oyez.org/cases/1792-1850/1819/1819_0>.

Mcclenaghan, William A.. Magruder's American Government 2003 (Magruder's American Government). Toronto: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2003. Print.

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