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Transcript of The Airplane
- Leonardo da Vinci There were many previous attempts by others to create the worlds first airplane, but none as successful as that of the Wright Brothers. They set the standard for the future... After the Wright brothers made their first flight, they began to create a marketable product and by 1905, they had a "practical flying machine". Victoria Richards In 1903, the first ever engine powered, heavier than air aircraft controlled flight took place for over a minute The Wright Brothers spent a lot of time studying birds in flight...They noticed that birds soared into the wind and that the air flowing over the curved surface of their wings created lift. Birds change the shape of their wings to turn and maneuver. The Wrights believed that they could use this technique to obtain roll control by warping, or changing the shape, of a portion of the wing. In 1909, after watching the Wright's flying demonstration, others grasp the importance of aspects of the Wright Brothers airplane and quickly catch-up and pass Wright Flyers. January — The Wright Company rents space from the Speedwell Motorcar plant in Dayton, Ohio and begins to manufacture airplanes. March- Baroness Raymonde de Laroche, France, becomes the first woman pilot to be granted a license to fly.
French pilot Emil Aubrun makes the first night flights.
Henri Fabre makes the first successful take-off from water in a seaplane that he designed and built. April - Lt. Benjamin Foulois makes some important improvements to Signal Corps No. 1, including adding seat belts and a wheeled undercarriage. May- Glenn Curtiss flies 151 miles (243 kilometers) from Albany to New York City on the first cross-country flight in America. July- Walter Brookins becomes the first pilot to fly over a mile above the earth, achieving an altitude of 6234 feet (1900 meters) in a Wright Model A over Atlantic City, New Jersey. September- Georges Chavez crosses the Alps in a Bleriot monoplane, flying from Brig, Switzerland and reaching a record altitude of 2200 meters (7,218 feet), but is fatally injured in a crash landing at Domodossola, Italy. October- Capt. Yoshitoshi Tokugawa, Japan, builds and flies the first Japanese aircraft, the Kai-1. It's patterned after a Farman design. November- Phil Parmalee flies the world's first air-freight shipment – two bolts of silk cloth – from Dayton to Columbus, Ohio in a Wright Model B. January- Glenn Curtiss flies the first practical seaplane from San Diego Bay in California. It is basically a standard Curtiss Model D fitted with a single float beneath the wings. February- Léon Lemartin, a pilot-engineer for Blériot, flies a Blériot XIII Aerobus with 7 passengers, then 8, and finally 13 (although on the last flight, some of the passengers are young boys). This series of flights demonstrates the possibility of multi-passenger air transports.
French pilot Henri Pequet flies the world's first official air mail in Allahabad, India. March- Lt. Benjamin Foulois and Phil Parmalee fly a Wright Model B from Laredo to Eagle Pass, Texas, scouting for Mexican rebels who are raiding Texas farms. This is the first military reconnaissance mission in an aircraft. April-
The British form the Air Battalion Royal Engineers, the first British military aviation division.
Pierre Prier, flying a Blériot monoplane, makes the first non-stop flight between London and Paris. May- The United States Navy establishes the US Naval Aviation Division, the beginning of naval aviation in the US. August- Pilot Hugh Robinson lands his Curtiss seaplane on Lake Michigan to rescue another pilot who crashed into the lake. It is the first air-sea rescue. September- Earl Ovington delivers the first official air mail for the U.S. Post Office in a Blériot monoplane. October- Lt . Riley Scott of the U.S. Army invents and tests the first bomb sight attached to a Wright Model B at College Park, Maryland. Although the bomb sight is successful, the Army declines it. Later, the French will adapt Riley's invention to their aircraft. November
Plagued by accidents, the Wright Company dissolves its exhibition team.
Lt. Giolio Gavotti carries out the first wartime aerial bombardment, bombing Turkish forces in Libya. December- Grant Morton becomes the first person to safely parachute to the ground from an airplane. He jumps from a Wright Model B After Airplanes increase in speed of travel
faster transport of cargo
surveillance in wars
bombing in wars
increased medical care Before Airplanes Transportation/movement of cargo was by car, boat or train, time consuming and limiting
Unable to see war activities on a large scale or from a safe distance Cultural & Socail Influences Airplanes allow for travel all over the world. This opens up communication, trade, travel and business. Companies can expand their business and start new ones more easily in different countries. People can travel and sight-see a new country in no longer than 24 hours as opposed to months by boat Mail can be sent and delivered much quicker than ever before, allowing communication to be made easier Airplanes came extremely far in the first few years after they were successfully created. They are now thousands and they carry thousands of people every single day on every hour of the day. They are still evolving and coming further than ever before. They bring people together and connect people worldwide in many ways. People continue to gain knowledge through travel. Works Cited "Airplane Timeline - Greatest Engineering Achievements of the Twentieth Century." Airplane Timeline - Greatest Engineering Achievements of the Twentieth Century. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2013.
"Airplanes,Â Flight." About.com Inventors. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2013.
"A Brief History of Airplanes and Aviation Safety." A Brief History of Airplanes and Aviation Safety. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2013.
"A History of the Airplane/The Decade After/Faster, Higher, Farther." Faster, Higher, Farther. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2013.
"History of the First Airplane." History of the First Airplane. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2013.
MacLuhan, Marshall. The Medium Is the Message. Corte Madera: Gingko Pr., 2005. Print. "Electric circuitry profoundly involves men with one another. Information pours upon us, instantaneously and continuously." - Marshall McLuhan Come Fly With Me
by Frank Sinatra "The method of our time is to use not a single but multiple models for exploration..." -Marshall McLuhan